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Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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I Hendricks

on 18 April 2013

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Transcript of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Should the US have used the nuclear bomb against Japan? Japan invades French Indochina in September 1940. The US embargoes the sale of iron, steel, and mechanical parts to Japan. The US declares war on Japan. Japan attacks the Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. Japanese expansion in 1933. The US had two choices for defeating the Japanese: The Japanese were already on the verge of surrender. The US clashed with Japan prior to the Pearl Harbor attack. Japanese expansion at its height in 1940. No A land invasion. Dropping the atomic bombs. First some background... Then both sides... Yes Japan takes full control of Indochina in September 1941. The US freezes Japanese assets, and places a complete oil embargo. The Allies begin to chip away Japan's gains during the Battle of Midway of June 1942. US troops first invade Iwo Jima in February 1945. The US takes Okinawa in June 1945. The US still had to defeat mainland Japan in 1945. In the meantime, American scientists who were part of the Manhattan Project succeed in completing a working atomic bomb. The US starts conducting air raids against Japanese cities in March 1945. President Truman decides to use the atomic bombs soon after they were successfully tested in July 1945. August 6, 1945: The first atomic bomb is dropped from a B-29 onto the city of Hiroshima. August 9, 1945: The second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki. August 15, 1945: Emperor Hirohito announces Japan's surrender. The two bombs killed between 150,000 and 250,000 people. Additional facts to consider: Japanese troops were famous for fighting to their death.
In the battle of Iwojima 21,844 of 22,060 soldiers were killed or died from ritual suicide. Estimated casualties:
Hiroshima: 150,000
Nagasaki: 75,000 Projected casualties:
US: 40,000 to one million.
Japan: several hundred thousand to ten million. > Use of the atomic bomb was justified because it led to fewer deaths than its alternative. (According to some high-ranking American officials, including generals Eisenhower and MacArthur). Atomic weapons should be considered a "war crime," because of their destructive power. Use of the atomic bomb was unnecessary + immoral. Japan was given an ultimatum and warned of dire consequences prior to the bomb. Even if the first bomb was necessary, the US should have given Japan more than three days before dropping the second bomb. The war could have been brought to a conclusion without additional death. Both sides hinge on speculation. Death was necessary. The atomic bomb was the better of two evils.
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