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F17 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce & Civilization

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by

Julie Jenkins

on 25 September 2018

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Transcript of F17 Colonialism: Christianity, Commerce & Civilization

Colonialism:
Commerce, Christianity & Civilization

"system of occupation and exploitation of foreign territories through settlement and conquest"
What is colonialism?
two types:
Mercantilism & Imperialism
Let's not be Eurocentric...
Africa had a history before European colonialism
complex political structures
elaborate trade routes
migration of populations
Portuguese- 1444
down the coast of Africa
1447- hit 'gold coast'
erected first fort there in 1471
1488- hit Cape of Good Hope
then started up interior
by late 1500's- British and French start competing in trade
colonialism - not a unitary process
-trade vs political
-countries involved
-missionaries
-varies historically
gold, ivory, slaves
(slave trade:16th century- 1870)
few settlements
slave trade radically changed political structures--
some societies gained access to guns
expansion of some states,
the disintegration of others
Shift to Imperialism during Industrial Revolution
...why?
needed raw materials
(cocoa, rubber, palm oil, diamonds, copper, silver, gold)
creating new markets for products produced in Europe
by 1879, most colonies were still located along the coast
signed treaties with local populations
until the Berlin Conference in 1885
set up systems of taxation & production
Colonialism involved the colonial bureaucracy, traders, & missionaries...
Did they always have the same objective?
set up system of privileging some groups over others...
until Germany lost possessions after WWI
What states/kingdoms does Davidson talk about? Who were they trading with?
Who are David Livingstone & Cecil Rhodes?
First Wave: Explorers/Traders/Missionaries & the Slave Trade (circa 15th-19th centuries)
Full transcript