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Transcript of WHAP Project
Sunny William Things Fall Apart:
The Rise and Fall of Classic Civilizations The Rise and Fall of China China's Rise The Classical Chinese civilization was the longest lasting in the history of the world, and was one of the most creative and influential. They developed a well-run bureaucracy and a whole variety of technologies, and they were the source of the world’s largest trade network, also known as the Silk Roads. Silk Road networks provided the framework for later global trading patterns. Humans have dated back, thinking that the Chinese civilization has been around since 3,000 B.C.E. They were the first of the Classical civilizations to decline. They had three dynasties make up the time period of Classical China; the Zhou, Qin, and Han, with the Han being the last, lasting from 206 B.C.E. to 220 C.E. What Makes China a Classic? Starting in 100 A.D, Han started to decline- Bureaucracy became corrupt plus power of the central government weakened. Because of the government weakening, local landlords became more powerful. These landlords increased taxes on peasants and took their farms. As peasant unrest grew, they made a Daoist revolutionary movement called the Yellow Turbans. They made an attempt at revolution and failed. Politically weakened, the Han were overtaken by the Hun invaders with ease. How Did China Fall? History of India India had three classical dynasties: Aryan, Mauryan and Gupta.
Ashoka was the emperor during the Mauryan dynasty.
For religious celebration they sing over 1,000 hymns. Rise of India Ashoka divided the regions into where the local politicians held power on decisions and laws. The Gupta dynasty had rules on taxes, Hinduism, consolidation and unification. As the empire started to decline, the Huns attacked and the empire fell apart along the fault lines of the local regions.
Because of this, the mauyran dynasty to fall. Fall of India India is a classic because they were very intellectual and had come up with concepts on the square root of a number and how to convert decimals.
They studied astronomy and discovered the concept of gravity.
Bone setting and plastic surgery were two advanced medical practices invented by the Indians. How is India Classic? The Greek Rise Strong city states with their own governments.
Rapid trade development due to geographical advantages i.e. peninsula.
Sparta and Athens defeated a huge Persian invasion that resulted in the establishment of more colonies in the eastern Mediterranean and southern Italy.
Religion, arts, and The Olympic Games created a cultural unity.
Development of Greek alphabet. What Makes Greece Classic? Began with Persian War and goes through the death of Alexander the Great.
Marks a time of great literature, poetry, philosophy, drama, and art.
Genre of history established.
Height of Athenian democracy produced.
Olympic Games. (describe a little)
Philosophers: Aristotle, Socrates, Plato. (explain their significance.)
Architectural styles: Ionian, Doric, and Corinthian.
Literary classics: Iliad and Odyssey.
Wine was important religiously, socially, and medically (festivals and theater performances in honor of God of wine and cure for fever)
Greek gods and goddesses provided stories of how the world came to be and described natural phenomena. Decline of Greece Conflict and competition between city states broke down community unity.
Increased tension and conflict between ruling aristocracy and poorer classes.
Greek colonies were no longer loyal to Greek culture.
Neighboring states increased in power and were more unified.
Rome increased in size, power, and trade which led to Rome's conquer of Greece. Dominated the Greek. CLASSIC ROME ROME'S CLIMB TO POWER Christianity, decadence, lead, monetary trouble, and military problems caused the Fall of Rome. Imperial incompetence and chance could be added to the list. Even the rise of Islam is proposed as the reason for Rome's fall, by some who think the Fall of Rome happened at Constantinople in A.D. 1453. Overpopulation led to too many guards and higher taxes, resulting in an immense increase in the poverty. ROME'S TUMBLE THANKS FOR WATCHING! The rise of Ancient China occurred when the annual flooding of Yellow River became too severe for them to safely call the river banks their home. Along the Yangtze River, through the Hubei basin and on the coastal plain to Hangzhou Bay, farming had also developed, but people along the Yellow River had to work harder at flood control and irrigation, and perhaps this stimulated a greater effort at organization. At any rate, the North China Plain became the largest area with a relatively dense population. Where people were producing more food than they needed to survive, warriors had the incentive not only to plunder but also to conquer. And conquering kings arose on the North China Plain as they did in West Asia. The first dynasty of kings in the North China Plain has been described as belonging to the Xia family whose rule is thought to have begun around 2200 BCE. But the first dynasty of which there is historical evidence is that of the Shang family, who are thought to have begun their rule around 1750 BCE. The Shang clan came out of the Wei River Valley just west of the North China Plain. By force, the Shang unified people along the North China Plain, building an empire in much the same way as other conquerors: by leaving behind a garrison force to police local people, by turning a local king into a subservient ally free to manage local matters, and by taxing the conquered. Greece CHINA ROME Ancient Rome was a thriving civilization that began growing on the Italian Peninsula as early as the 8th century BC. Located along the Mediterranean Sea and centered on the city of Rome, it expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world.
In its approximately twelve centuries of existence, Roman civilization shifted from a monarchy to an aristocratic republic to an increasingly autocratic empire. Through conquest and assimilation, it came to dominate Southern Europe, Western Europe, Asia Minor, North Africa and parts of Eastern Europe. Rome was prevailing throughout the Mediterranean region and was one of the most powerful entities of the ancient world. Architectural styles were very Classic (arches and columns, domes, sculptures, ect.).
Efficient highway system.
Construced 18 aqueducts to supply Rome with water.
Poems contained Latin language.
3 course meal (starter, main dish, dessert).
Provided organizational framework for Roman Catholic Church.
Formed model of legal systems throughout European countries.
Contributed to the vault (3D extension of arch). Alec Bob