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Advance Copy of The English Language Arts Table of Elements
Transcript of Advance Copy of The English Language Arts Table of Elements
and may not cover all elements. It is meant to give an overview of
English language arts.
For questions or comments email.
firstname.lastname@example.org 13 14 15 16 17 18 11 12 19 20 37 38 55 56 87 88 Rhythm 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 49 50 51 52 53 54 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 71 72 73 74 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 110 111 112 Gr Lr Wd Sn Ph Cl Sb Pc Pu Pd 57 58 59 60 61 63 64 65 66 Ap Em Q Br Qu Hn Bl Rd Ed Rv 89 90 91 92 93 95 96 97 98 Cm Cn SC D 67 68 69 70 Fd Qt Su Ts 99 100 101 102 62 94 118 113 114 115 116 117 Cj Pp Ij So At Fv Setting Character Narrative Prose Tone Genre Non-Fiction Biography Informational Song Sonnet Poetry Fiction Realistic Autobiography History Ballad Haiku Parts of Speech Folklore Mystery Religious Journals Ode Noun Verb Historical Science Fiction Horror Couplet Adjective Adverb Pronoun Fantasy Drama Limerick Preposition Conjunction Interjection Short Story Article Free Verse Rhyme Plot Form Parable Personification Tropes Allegory Allusion Euphemism Hyperbole Innuendo Irony Metaphor Onomatopoeia Oxymoron Proverb Pun Repetition Simile Inference Fact Propaganda Flashback Voice Bias Foreshadowing Synonyms Antonyms Main Idea Opinion Point of View Third Person Stanza Symbolism Aside Solliloquy Monologue Stage Directions Figurative Language Predicate Punctuation Period Comma Colon Semicolon Dash Bibliography Rough Draft Editing Revision Final Draft Quote Source Thesis Sentence First Person Second Person Apostrophe Exclamation Mark Question Mark Brackets Quotation Marks Hyphen Denotation Connotation Grammar Letter Word Sentence Paragraph Clause Mood Imagery Theme Meter Definition The English Language Arts Table of Elements a literary medium distinguished from poetry especially by its greater irregularity and variety of rhythm and its closer correspondence to the patterns of everyday speech Writing that formulates a concentrated imaginative awareness of experience in language chosen and arranged to create a specific emotional response through meaning, sound, and rhythm a category of literary composition characterized by a particular style, form, or content the representation in art of an event or story One of the persons in a story. The time and place of a story. The action of a story. The lesson about life or human nature in a story. How an author wants a reader to feel when the reader
reads their work. How the author feels about what they
have written. Have or end with a sound that corresponds to another. The pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in each line. 1: A word or expression used in a figurative sense
2: A common or overused theme or device The expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or generalizations about human existence The distinctive way the words are arranged on the page. A simple story used to illustrate a moral or spiritual lesson. A figure of speech in which an animal, object, force of nature, or idea is given human qualities or characteristics. A reference in a work of literature to a character, place, or situation from history or from another work of literature, music, or art. A short pithy saying in general use, stating a general truth or piece of advice. The substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant A joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word or the fact that there are words that sound alike but have different meanings. Exaggeration A sound, word, phrase, or line that is repeated for emphasis or unity. To hint as something. A contrast between appearance and reality. "What a nice guy!" These words could be used in sarcasm. A figure of speech that compares two unlike things without using the words "like" or "as". "She is the rose of the family." The use of words to imitate sounds. A figure of speech that compares two unlike things while using the words "like" or "as". Making a conclusion about something based on what you already know. Something that is true or actually exists. Information, esp. of a biased or misleading nature, used to promote or publicize a particular political cause or point of view. Phrase that does not go together. "cruel kindness" The function a word or phrase performs in a sentence or phrase Traditional customs, tales, sayings, dances, or art forms preserved among a people. Stories that have a real setting and a problem to be solved that includes clues, distractions, and an answer to the problem. Interruption of chronological sequence by events that happened earlier. Word that is a person, place, thing, or idea. Word that describes action or a state of being. Genre of fiction that is made up of stories that take place in a certain time and place in the past. Real historical figures and settings may be included. Literature that is not fictional . A written history of a person's life completed by someone
else. The communication knowledge. Something invented by the imagination Fiction that follows the rules of reality. The biography of a person narrated by himself or herself. The discovery, collection, organization, and presentation of information about past events. A short musical composition of words and music. A narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing. An unrhymed verse form of Japanese origin having three lines containing usually five, seven, and five syllables respectively. A fixed verse form of Italian origin consisting of 14 lines that are typically 5-foot iambics rhyming according to a prescribed scheme; also : a poem in this pattern. The texts which various religious traditions consider to be sacred, or of central importance to their religious tradition. A record of experiences, ideas, or reflections kept regularly for private use. A lyric poem marked by exaltation of feeling and style, varying length of line, and complexity of stanza forms. Genre of fiction dealing with the impact of imagined innovations in science or technology, often in a futuristic setting. Has the capacity to frighten its readers, inducing feelings of horror and terror. Two successive lines of verse forming a unit marked usually by rhythmic correspondence, rhyme, or the inclusion of a self-contained utterance. A genre of imaginative fiction involving magic and adventure, esp. in a setting other than the real world. A composition in verse or prose intended to portray life or character or to tell a story usually involving conflicts and emotions through action and dialogue and typically designed for theatrical performance. A light or humorous verse form of five chiefly anapestic verses of which lines 1, 2, and 5 are of three feet and lines 3 and 4 are of two feet with a rhyme scheme of aabba. Verse whose meter is irregular in some respect or whose rhythm is not metrical. Any of a small set of words or affixes (as a, an, and the) used with nouns to limit or give definiteness to the application. A story with a fully developed theme but significantly shorter and less elaborate than a novel. The act of uttering exclamations. Word that stands in place of a noun. Word that describes a verb or another adverb. Word that describes a noun or pronoun. Words that join together sentences, clauses, phrases, or words. Word that is used with a noun or pronoun to create a sentence that tells you where, when, how, and why. Conveys meaning beyond the literal meaning of words. The narrator's position in relation to the story being told. Instructions written by the dramatist to describe the appearance and actions of characters, as well as the sets, props, costumes, sound effects, and lighting for a play . A person's ideas or thoughts about something. A long speech or written expression of thoughts by one character in a literary work. The central idea of a piece of writing. A long speech spoken by a character in a dramatic work, who is typically alone on stage. Words with opposite meanings. In a play, a comment made by a character that is heard by the audience but not by the other characters. Words with the same or almost identical meanings. The use of clues by the author to prepare readers for future events in the story. Any object, person, place, or experience that means more than what it is. Uses images to represent internal realities. A unit in a poem - looks similar to a paragraph in a work of prose. A person's or author's personal opinion or position on a topic. The distinctive tone or style of a literary work or author. 1. Third person omniscient – the reader is presented the story by a narrator with an overarching, godlike perspective
2. Third person limited - the reader experiences the story through the senses and thoughts of just one character. The protagonist or another main character is referred to by you. An idea or feeling that a word invokes for a person in addition to its literal or primary meaning. The story is narrated by one character at a time. The literal or primary meaning of a word, in contrast to the feelings or ideas that the word suggests. Words or phrases that re-create sensory experiences for readers. A regular pattern of rhythm The whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics. A character representing one or more of the sounds used in speech; any of the symbols of an alphabet. A single distinct meaningful element of speech or writing, used with others (or sometimes alone) to form a sentence and typically shown with a space on either side when written or printed. A set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses. A distinct section of a piece of writing, usually dealing with a single theme and indicated by a new line, indentation, or numbering. A punctuation mark (’) used to indicate either possession (e.g., Harry's book; boys' coats) or the omission of letters or numbers (e.g., can't; he's; class of ’99). A punctuation mark (!) indicating an exclamation. A punctuation mark (?) indicating a question. Each of a pair of marks [ ] used to enclose words or figures so as to separate them from the context. Each of a set of punctuation marks, single (‘ ’) or double (“ ”), used either to mark the beginning and end of a title or quoted passage or to indicate that a word or phrase is regarded as slang or jargon or is being discussed rather than used within the sentence. An expression including a subject and predicate but not constituting a complete sentence. A noun phrase functioning as one of the main components of a clause, being the element about which the rest of the clause is predicated. The part of a sentence or clause containing a verb and stating something about the subject. The marks, such as period, comma, and parentheses, used in writing to separate sentences and their elements and to clarify meaning. A punctuation mark (.) used at the end of a sentence or an abbreviation. The sign (-) used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning or that they are linked in the grammar of a sentence (as in pick-me-up, rock-forming), to indicate the division of a word at the end of a line, or to indicate a missing or implied element (as in short- and long-term). A list of the books referred to in a scholarly work, usually printed as an appendix. The first organized version of a document or other work. Prepare (written material) for publication by correcting, condensing, or otherwise modifying it. Revise or reorganize, especially for the purpose of updating and improving A punctuation mark (,) indicating a pause between parts of a sentence. It is also used to separate items in a list and to mark the place of thousands in a large numeral. A punctuation mark (:) indicating
1. That a writer is introducing a quotation or a list of items
2. That a writer is separating two clauses of which the second expands or illustrates the first
3. A statement of proportion between two numbers
- a ratio of 10:1
4. The separation of hours from minutes (and minutes from seconds) in a statement of time given in numbers
- 4:30 p.m.
5. The number of the chapter and verse respectively in biblical references
- Exodus 3:2 A punctuation mark (;) indicating a pause, typically between two main clauses, that is more pronounced than that indicated by a comm. A horizontal stroke in writing or printing to mark a pause or break in sense, or to represent omitted letters or words. The final proof after all other proofing and editing steps have been completed. A quotation from a text or speech. A book or document used to provide evidence in research. One of the persons in a story. Subject Characters can be broken into a variety of areas.
Round - The character is realistic and has depth.
Flat - The character is a caricature.
Dynamic - The character changes from the beginning to the end of the story.
Static - The character does not change from the beginning to the end of the story.
Protagonist - The leading character or one of the major characters in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.
Antagonist - A character who actively opposes or is hostile to the protagonist. Plot can be broken up into several parts.
Exposition - The part of a play or work of fiction in which the background to the main conflict is introduced.
Rising Action - The rising action's purpose is usually to build suspense all the way up the climactic finish.
Climax - The most intense, exciting, or important point of something; a culmination or apex
Falling Action - The falling action is the part of a story, usually found in tragedies and short stories, after the climax and showing the effects after the climax.
Resolution - All loose ends are tied up and conflicts are resolved. There are several types of sentences.
Simple - A simple sentence, also called an independent clause, contains a subject and a verb, and it expresses a complete thought.
Compound - A compound sentence contains two independent clauses joined by a coordinator. The coordinators are as follows: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so.
Complex - A complex sentence has an independent clause joined by one or more dependent clauses. A complex sentence always has a subordinator such as because, since, after, although, or when or a relative pronoun such as that, who, or which.
Declarative - "declares" or states a fact, arrangement or opinion.
Interrogative - Asks a question with a questions mark (?).
Imperative - commands (or sometimes requests). The imperative takes no subject as 'you' is the implied subject.
Exclamatory - The exclamatory form emphasizes a statement (either declarative or imperative) with an exclamation point (!).