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Transcript of Treasure Island
Elements of Victorian Novels
Written during period of 1837-1901
Queen Victoria holds throne of England
Focus on social relationships, especially with the middle-class (was growing at the time)
Individual is held back by social classes, but can still move up social ladder
Glorifies people of virtue to teach a lesson
Those who try to be virtuous are rewarded
People are corrupted by nature
About the Author
Born in Scotland
Received influence from his father, whom he feared
Father wanted him to be an engineer
Wanted an escape of oppression through his writing
when he was very sickly
Often focused on good and evil being forces of attraction
Jim Hawkins- protagonist/narrator who is eager to hunt for treasure
Billy Bones- old brute/seaman
Black Dog- enemy of Billy Bones; also a pirate
Squire Trelawney- arranges voyage to look for buried treasure
Dr. Livesey- the doctor of the town
Captain Smolley- leader of the voyage to Treasure Island
Long John Silver- primary antagonist and pirate leader
Ben Gunn- former pirate trapped abandoned on Treasure Island
Israel Hands- steers the ship
This story takes place in England in the 1700s. Most of the events of the novel happen out at sea and at the mysterious Treasure Island.
By Robert Louis Stevenson
Robert Louis Stevenson
Jim finds a treasure map belonging to the deceased Billy Bones
Gathers a crew to go on a voyage to find the buried treasure of legendary Captain Flint
Jim's crew is actually a pirate crew, and they plan a mutiny
Pirate crew rebels against Jim and his friends
Compete to locate the buried treasure located on Treasure Island
With the help of former pirate Ben Gunn, Jim is able to defeat pirates and cut a deal with pirate leader Long John Silver
The main conflict of this novel is man vs. man, where the protagonist Jim Hawkins struggles for survival against the pirate brigade led by Long John Silver. There is also a man vs. nature conflict, as the characters battle conditions induced by rough seas and experience the unknown terrain known as Treasure Island. At the end of the novel, the reader is left with a lasting conflict of man vs. himself, as Jim seems to be haunted by his experiences at Treasure Island.
How is this an example of Victorian Literature?
Man is often corrupted by experiences of nature
Deceit is a common instrument used in society
People are often consumed by their desires
This novel focuses on the protagonist's journey to Treasure Island, searching for the buried treasure. This search for Captain Flint's treasure is symbolic of the middle class man's pursuit to move up through the ranks of social classes. The portrayal of Jim Hawkins reflects the mindset of the reader, as they too have the desire for personal achievement/advancement. According to Victorian literature, the middle-class man had a possibility of climbing the social ladder, and Jim's pursuit of wealth is an example of this quality.
The Morality of the Individual
According to Victorian Literature, the people with good morals are rewarded in the story. In this case, Jim is rewarded by staying alive. He refuses to take the buried treasure, showing how he is not purely motivated out of pure greed. He contrasts with the pirate characters such as Long John Silver in this manner, as they decide to take part of the treasure. Their fate is much worse than Jim's, therefore showing his reward for good moral.
Man being corrupted by Nature
At the beginning of the novel, Jim seemed like an innocent young man. His adventure to Treasure Island seemed to have influenced his actions later in the novel, as he kills pirate Israel Hands.
"Gradually my mind came back again, my pulses quieted down to a more natural time, and I was once more in possession of myself."
Stevenson, Robert Louis, and N.C. Wyeth.
. New York: Scribner, 1981.Print.
Basset, Sharon. "Stevenson, Robert Louis."
World Book Advanced
. World Book, 2014.