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hyper hydration, and hypo hydration.

Leon Borcoskie
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Leon Borcoskie

on 31 July 2014

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Transcript of hyper hydration, and hypo hydration.

Signs Of hyper-hydration & hypo-hydration
Treatment
Definition
The best treatment for minor dehydration is drinking water and stopping loss of fluids. Water is preferable to sport drinks and other commercially-sold rehydration fluids, as the balance of electrolytes they provide may not be similar the replacement requirements of the individual. To stop fluid loss from vomiting and diarrhea, one must avoid solid foods and drink only clear liquids
Treatment
Hyper- hydration
Hypo -Hydration
Definition
Hypohydration (or dehydration) is the removal of water from an object. Medically, it is a condition in which the body contains an inadequate volume of water for normal functioning
Diagnosis
If one is dehydrated, he or she is likely to have low blood pressure, especially when moving from a prone to a standing position, a faster than normal heart rate and reduced blood flow to the extremities.
Symptoms

/ Effects
Muscle cramps,
Headaches similar to a hangover,
Sudden episodes of visual snow,
Lowered blood pressure
Dizziness or fainting when standing up due to orthostatic hypotension.
Delirium,
Unconsciousness,
Swelling of the tongue
In extreme cases, death
Hyper hydration also called water excess or water intoxication, is a condition in which the body contains too much water.
Diagnosis
Before treatment can begin, a doctor must determine whether a patient's symptoms are due to overhydration, in which excess water is found within and outside cells, or excess blood volume, in which high sodium levels prevent the body from storing excess water inside the cells. Overhydration is characterized by excess water both within and around the body's cells, while excess blood volume occurs when the body has too much sodium and can not move water to reservoirs within the cells. In cases of overhydration, symptoms of fluid accumulation do not usually occur. On the other hand, in cases of excess blood volume, fluid tends to accumulate around cells in the lower legs, abdomen, and chest. Overhydration can occur alone or in conjunction with excess blood volume, and differentiating between these two conditions may be difficult.
Mild overhydration can generally be corrected by following a doctor's instructions to limit fluid intake. In more serious cases, diuretics may be prescribed to increase urination, although these drugs tend to be most effective in the treatment of excess blood volume. Identifying and treating any underlying condition (such as impaired heart or kidney function) is a priority, and fluid restrictions are a critical component of every treatment plan.
Symptoms
Since the brain is the organ most susceptible to overhydration, a change in behavior is usually the first symptom of water intoxication. The patient may become confused, drowsy, or inattentive. Shouting and delirium are common. Other symptoms of overhydration may include blurred vision, muscle cramps and twitching, paralysis on one side of the body, poor coordination, nausea and vomiting, rapid breathing, sudden weight gain, and weakness. The patient's complexion is normal or flushed. Blood pressure is sometimes higher than normal, but elevations may not be noticed even when the degree of water intoxication is serious.
THE END


Leon Borcoskie, Liam Stretch, James Tranter
Full transcript