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Women Poets of the Renaissance

A bibliograph plus the contribution they made

Katy Xing

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of Women Poets of the Renaissance

:) Women Poets of the Renaissance By: Kaiti Mok Rong
Charlotte Nip Amelia's poem “Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum"
(Hail God, King of Jews) Who was Elizabeth I? List of Other Tutors Elizabeth Tutor
(1533-1603) Elizabeth's Education Modern Translation The Elizabethan Era Elizabeth's Writings How did “Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum"impact the poetry world? Amelia Lanier's personal Life Argued to be the "Dark Lady" from Shakespeare's sonnets Contribution as a POET to Society in the Renaissance - Became a mistress of Lord Hunsdon, the patron of Shakespeare's theater company
- she became pregnant and was married to Alfonso Lanier.
- Had an affair with a doctor, Simon Foreman and met Elizabeth Tudor from her husband accompanying Earl of Essex to fight the Spanish.
- Her exterior appearance helped her achieve the aristocratic attention. - Emilia would exhibit some fierce proto-feminist credentials.
- She was the first woman in England to publish a volume of poetry, strong both in religious and humanist sentiment.
- In it she lectures women who are not loyal to other women, issues a manifesto for the rights of women, and has these words for the activities of men: - dedicated to women, started ideas of the genealogy of women.
- The genealogy follows the idea that "virtue and learning descend from mothers to daughters".
- raise women up to the same level as men.
- convey the message to her audience that men are not the only important beings in the material world, but that women belong there as well speeches for state events
poetic translations
prose translations
original poems, which were usually about actual events
Her original piece was: "When I was Fair and Young" When I was young and things were good for me
many of guys wanted me
But I turned them down and answered them
Go find someone else
Don't bother me anymore.

I made many guys sad with weeping eyes
I am not able to show sighing hearts
But it just made me feel better about myself as I told them
Go find someone else
Don't bother me anymore

Then Cupid said
You cute girl, so you think you're so good
I will take your beauty and you won't say anymore
Go find someone else
Don't bother me anymore

When he spoke, I felt myself change
that I couldn't sleep day and night
I regret saying the things I had said before
Go find someone else
Don't bother me anymore Jean Belmain - French Tutor
Richard Cox - taught Greek and Latin
John Cheke
William Grindal - appointed as personal Tutor to Elizabeth but died of the plague in 1548 Two well-known women poets of the Renaissance: Elizabeth Tudor Amelia Lanier She was born in 1570 and died in 1640

- she was the illegitimate daughter of Baptiste Basano, a musicians in King Henry VIII's court, Emilia was left upon her father's death

- mother: Margaret Johnson

- She had a darker complexion

- Educated at It was in Susan Bertie, Countess of Kent's house

- was given a humanist education and learned Latin. Amelia Lanier Susan Bertie, Countess of Kent she educated Amelia Lanier AFFAIR !!!! Amelia had many affairs when men in her era. She was known to be very promiscuous. "Forgetting they were born of woman, nourished of women, and that if it were not by the means of women they would be quite extinguished out of the world, and a final end of them all, do like vipers deface the wombes wherein they were bred." QUOTE from Amelia Lanier from her book

"Feminism refers to political, cultural, and economic movements seeking greater, equal, or, among a minority, superior rights" Proto- Feminist means :...... created to Dictionary.com
In the old age black was not counted fair,
Or if it were, it bore not beauty's name;
But now is black beauty's successive heir,
And beauty slandered with a bastard shame:
For since each hand hath put on Nature's power,
Fairing the foul with Art's false borrowed face,
Sweet beauty hath no name, no holy bower,
But is profaned, if not lives in disgrace.
Therefore my mistress' eyes are raven black,
Her eyes so suited, and they mourners seem
At such who, not born fair, no beauty lack,
Sland'ring creation with a false esteem:
Yet so they mourn becoming of their woe,
That every tongue says beauty should look so. CXXVII Some of Shakespeare’s poems holds the vanity and scrutiny Amelia possess. - published in 1611 a poetic retelling of the biblical story of Genesis
- she defends Eve against the traditional charges that she was the cause of the fall
-Lanier’s poetry is working towards reversing the images of women typically portrayed in the Bible; specifically, that women should be subservient to men. Lanier flips that idea of the subservient woman and instead strives towards illustrating the idea that women are in "mystical and apocalyptic union with Christ", that is, if either gender was placed nearer the "‘everlasting throne’" of Jesus, it would be the female sex.

-In lines 745–840 of Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum, more commonly known as Eve’s Apology, Lanier brings together two biblical women of different eras who perfectly portray this idea of the genealogy of women striving towards that union with Christ.
-The first half of the passage has Eve addressing the fact that Adam too should share the blame of the fall of Man. If women are to be subservient to men, men should be protecting women. Adam should have stopped Eve from eating the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge, but he instead succumbed to temptation, although he had not been tempted by any "subtle serpent" as Eve had been. Lanier writes, "Her weakness did the serpent's words obey, / But you in malice God's dear Son betray", thereby placing greater blame on the men responsible for Jesus's death. Eve’s 0disobeying God’s laws led to the need of having a savior.
-The second half of the passage illustrates that Pilate’s wife tried to save Jesus Christ’s life, therefore remedying any fault of Eve’s. This smaller section of the larger Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum uses Christ’s Passion to depict good women in contrast to bad men.
- Eve’s Apology and Salve Deus Rex Judaeorum as a whole was Lanier’s vehicle, as Loughlin claims, to "depict(s) woman’s history as a teleological progression from the times of the Old Testament to those of the New Testament and finally beyond time itself into her glorious future union with Christ." what is the poetic biblical story "Salve Deus Rex Judaerum" about? what is the poem about? -she works on reversing the images of women portrayed in bible by being subservient to men - strongly proposes Eve is not the only one at fault so is Adam. Eve was tempted by the snake (Satan) while Adam was tempted quoted :"But you in malice God's dear son betray", so Adam has the greater blame, therefore men were responsible for Jesus death. Later in the poem a passage illustrates that Pilate's wife attempted to save Jesus, so redeeming Eve's sin. “But surely Adam cannot be excused;
[Eve’s] fault though great, yet he was most to blame.
What weakness offered, strength might have refused;
Being lord of all, the greater was his shame:
Although the serpent’s craft has her abused,
God’s hold word ought all his actions frame;
For he was lord and king of all the earth,
Before poor Eve had either life or breath…

“And then to lay the fault on patience’s back,
That we (poor women) must endure it all;
We know right well he did discretion lack,
Being not persuaded thereunto at all.
If Eve did err, it was for knowledge sake;
The Fruit being fair persuaded him to fall.
No subtle serpent’s falsehood did betray him,
If he would eat it, who had power to stay him?

“Not Eve, whose fault was only too much love,
Which made her give this present to her dear,
That what she tasted he likewise might prove,
Whereby his knowledge might become more clear;
He never sought her weakness to reprove
With those sharp words which he of God did hear;
Yet men will boast of knowledge, which he took
From Eve’s fair hand, as from a learned book. Salve Deus Rex Judaerum heir to the throne as Elizabeth I in 1558 when her half sister Mary died.
daughter to Henry VIII = princess
mother was Anne Boleyn, Henry VIII 's second wife
Henry VIII's young son became king
aka " the virgin queen"
many people around her wanted her executed, but she was popular with the public
enjoyed her new found freedom and had many hobbies
showed Carpe Diem.
died from feeling unwell and depression very intellectual woman
first tutor was called Kat Ashley
taught using the horn-book
another tutor was called Roger Ascham
learned many languages height of English renaissance, English poetry, and literature.
beginning of William Shakespeare
exploration and expansions of mindsets
Queen Elizabeth was the symbol of the days
aka golden age of English literature
Queen Elizabeth was the very influential and inspired many great works. When I Was Fair and Young based on 16th century tradition of Italian Sonnet
italian sonnet is usually written by male writers
Queen Elizabeth's point of view was different
passive lover over active lover
expresses Queen Elizabeth's regret and sadness When I Was Fair and Young When I was fair and young then favour graced me;
Of many was I sought their mistress for to be.
But I did scorn them all, and answered them therefore,
Go, go, go, seek some otherwhere,
Importune me no more.

How many weeping eyes I made to pine in woe;
How many sighing hearts I have no skill to show;
Yet I the prouder grew, and answered them therefore,
Go, go, go, seek some otherwhere,
Importune me no more.

Then spake fair Venus' son, that proud victorious boy,
And said, you dainty dame, since that you be so coy,
I will so pluck your plumes that you shall say no more
Go, go, go, seek some otherwhere,
Importune me no more.

When he had spake these words such change grew in my breast,
That neither night nor day I could take any rest.
Then, lo! I did repent, that I had said before
Go, go, go, seek some otherwhere,
Importune me no more. Kat Ashley The Horn Book " Elizabeth has the intelligence of a man. She is in good stead in the years of her reign. Her handwriting is beautiful and her elegant style can be seen from examples of her signature." Roger Ascham Quote: THANK YOU FOR WATCHING! summary, women poets in the renaissance... Women who were poets in the renaissance were not common and usually disregarded. Although Elizabeth Tudor and Amelia Lanier were publicly recognized for their defined talent in poetry.
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