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Grammar Skills for 4th Graders

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Carly Wollman

on 10 December 2012

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Transcript of Grammar Skills for 4th Graders

Fourth Grade Grammar Nouns, Adjectives, and Adverbs Sentence Types Sentence Structure Summary It is important to teach your fourth graders class what nouns, adjectives, and verbs are, but more important is teaching them how to apply their new knowledge. Have the children watch VIDEO ONE to go over the definitions of nouns, adjectives, and verbs. Next distribute HANDOUT ONE to the class and have them look over the definitions of the the 3 parts of speech. Have them each say an example of a noun, adjective, and verb aloud in the classroom. The fourth graders should be gaining experience with applying their newly learned letters to words they use in their everyday lives in and out of school. The main goal of this lesson is to present the fourth graders with definitions and examples of the parts of speech so that they can identify objects and categorize them by their specific category. The fourth graders will gain more experience in the next section that has the activities that correlate to this lesson.

HANDOUT ONE-http://www.ehow.com/info_8422640_parts-speech-fourthgraders.html When people form sentences, they do many things, they ask questions, make requests, make statements, or they exclaim a powerful feeling or emotion. Because sentences convey statements, requests, strong emotion, and questions they can be categorized into four different types of sentences; declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory.
Declarative sentences in the English language are the sentences that form a statement. Interrogative sentences in the English language are the sentences that form a question Imperative sentences in the English language are the sentences that make a command or request. Exclamatory sentences in the English language are the sentences that attempt to powerful feelings, or emotions. In order for students to gain a better understanding of the types of sentences, refer to HANDOUT TWO. Also show your students VIDEO TWO so that they can visually see what sentences would look like. It is very important that fourth graders learn about the four different types of sentences so that they can build up their language arts understanding and become good writers. Writing complete sentences is one of the most important writing skills children will ever learn. Once they've mastered the concept, their writing will flow more smoothly and they will be better equipped to convey their ideas. Good writing also correlates with good verbal skills, and children who understand the concept of complete sentences tend to better use grammar and syntax. To begin writing complete sentences, children must first understand basic grammatical concepts. Many teachers spend a lot of time teaching students about subjects, verbs and objects, but the students are unable to combine these items into meaningful sentences. When teaching kids the parts of speech, make sure you demonstrate each part within the context of a full sentence. Ask students to pick out the verb and noun in each sentence. Give students examples of sentences that are missing an important part of speech and have them read them out loud so they can understand how strange incomplete sentences sound.



I hope that the fourth grade students enjoyed learning about parts of speech, sentence types, and sentence structure. You accomplished teaching this material by using auditory, visual, and hands-on activities to enhance their learning of this new material. Learning these new language arts tools is so exciting for fourth graders and they will want to share their new knowledge with their peers, teachers, and parents. By presenting these students with this new vital information, you have assisted them in learning how to understand the foundation of implementing grammar and sentence construction. You have also helped them take a giant improvement in their language arts skills. Standards and Objectives Standard: LA.04.7 Students will analyze sentences and apply correct grammar skills to writing.
Indicators:
a)Identify parts of speech in a sentence
b)Demonstrate knowledge of the four sentence types
c)Write sentences using simple subjects and predicates

Objectives:
1) Fourth graders will identify nouns, adjectives, and adverbs in a sentence, when given a handout and worksheet with a 90% accuracy rate.
2) Fourth graders will be able to identify declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory types of sentences, after watching a video, with an 85% accuracy rate.
3) Fourth graders will be able to write sentences that include a noun and verb, after they have been given a handout with examples, with an 85% accuracy rate. Activities Activities 1) Have the fourth graders sit at a computer of their own and have this bring up WEBSITE ONE. This website will bring up an online game where student will be presented with a word chart that includes nouns, adjectives, and verbs.They will need to identify which words are specific parts of speech. they can they bring a noun to life and describe it, while making it do an action. This activity allows the child to visually see what nouns, adjectives, and verbs do. The child may repeat this activity multiple times for different results

2)Finally have your fourth grade class participate in a game of mad libs from WEBSITE TWO Let your students raise their hands to list of an example of a noun, adjective, and verb. Eventually you will create a story they will get some giggles out of the class. This activity will help auditory learners.

Students should spend no more than 10-15 minutes participating in each activity instructed by the teacher. Activities Introduction In school, fourth graders should be in their beginning stages of understanding writing and grammar. It is imperative at this time as a teacher to provide them with resources to set them up for success in acquiring knowledge of how to construct sentences properly and identify certain aspects of the sentences. By providing them with a solid foundation for grammatical information, you are allowing them to build up their understanding to new and greater heights. When presenting fourth graders with these new concepts, make sure to provide them with activities that will assists all students with different styles of learning. This will also make it easier for you to assess their progress on such an important building block in their language arts development.

By the end of the lesson students will be able to:

-Identify nouns, adjectives and adverbs in a sentence
-Identify declarative, interrogative, imperative, and exclamatory types of sentences
-Write sentences that include a noun and verb VIDEO ONE WEBSITE ONE -http://www.sheppardsoftware.com/grammar/grammar_tutorial.htm
WEBSITE TWO - http://www.madglibs.com/ Exclamatory sentences in the English language are the sentences that attempt to powerful feelings, or emotions HANDOUT TWO - http://voices.yahoo.com/four-kinds-sentences-declarative-interrogative-484238.html
VIDEO TWO 1)Each student will write a declarative sentence on their paper as a story starter. Decide on an efficient way to pass papers that will work with your classroom configuration and explain that each student will pass his or her first line to the next person. They aren't trading; they're simply circulating their paper around the room throughout the exercise. On the new paper in front of them, each student will then write an interrogative sentence to build on the first. They will pass again and continue the story with an imperative sentence. Repeat the process until the papers circulate the entire room. After students read their stories silently, take volunteers to share. Keep track of which stories follow the pattern correctly. This will help visual and auditory learners. Refer to this WEBSITE THREE if you need further instruction.

2)Next have your fourth grade class participate in a game of Who Wants to be a Millionaire from WEBSITE FOUR. Let your students raise their hands to answer what type of sentence the supplied sentences should be categorized under. This activity will help visual learners.

Students should spend no more than 10-15 minutes participating in each activity instructed by the teacher. WEBSITE THREE - http://www.ehow.com/info_12112469_games-four-functions-sentences.html
WEBSITE FOUR- http://www.quia.com/rr/45767.html?AP_rand=12253071 1) Pick a topic to write about that is of high interest. It’s winter, so have them talk about building a snowman. Discuss with the students, “Now what do we want to say about hearts?” Let them share their ideas and write them on the board. Pick one idea that is not a complete sentence such as “cold and white.” Explain that a sentence is about someone or something. Ask, “What is it that is ‘cold and white?’ Our sentence has to tell us.” Hopefully, someone will say “snowman.” Write the complete sentence on the board: A snowman is cold and white. Underline the two main parts of the sentence and show that the sentence is about “a snowman” and “is cold and white” tells about that snowman. Then give each student a snowman-shaped piece of handwriting paper and let them try writing their own sentence. Remind them that sentences always start with a capital letter and end with a period or something else. Refer to HANDOUT TWO for more assistance.

2) Have your students go to a computer and bring up WEBSITE FIVE. This website provides a sentence forming game that is interactive for participants.This emphasizes the order of words within a sentence and punctuation used at the end. Have the 4th grade students play this game multiple times so you can track their progress.

3) Have your students pair up with a partner and go to a computer and look up WEBSITE SIX. This website shows students the placement of words in sentences and explains why they go there. It also includes a game that student can use to build silly sentences.

Students should spend no more than 10-15 minutes participating in each activity instructed by the teacher.

HANDOUT TWO - http://howtoteachkids.info/2009/01/teaching-first-graders-how-to-write-a-sentence/
WEBSITE FIVE - http://www.cookie.com/kids/games/simple-sentences.html
WEBSITE SIX - http://www.technologyrocksseriously.com/2012/03/sentence-building.html Section One
We started this lesson by providing the definitions of what nous, adjectives, and verbs mean. Then we provided them with an interactive computer game that helped students sort nouns, adjectives, and verbs into a word chart. We also provided that class with a video that provided students with a visual image of what the three concepts meant.
Section Two
Next, we defined the four types of sentences: declarative, interrogative, imperative and exclamatory. Then we provided examples of the four different types of sentences when used in writing sentences. In this section, we provided students with a handout, video, and website to better visually understand this new content.
Section Three
Finally, we the fourth graders were presented with a handout and two website that taught the student how to form sentences, using their knowledge about nouns and verbs. They were also provided with games to cement their understanding of the placement of words and punctuation to be used at the ends of each sentence.
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