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Research and Quotations

A quick look at the research process and inserting quoted material.

Corrie Golando

on 1 February 2012

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Transcript of Research and Quotations

Research: Process and Practice
Sound Like
"Too Much!"?

And I am here to help you through the process.
Just remember that every
part has a purpose
and there are a myriad
of resources availible to you
There are two general types of research papers: analytical and argumentative.
Note cards are the key to organizing your research.
There are 4 types of quotations
full sentence
partial sentence
Of Genres and Theses
Note Cards
Quotations and Citations
Content from Purdue OWL
An analytical paper breaks down an issue or an idea into its component parts, evaluates the issue or idea, and presents this breakdown and evaluation to the audience.
An argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. The claim could be an opinion, a policy proposal, an evaluation, a cause-and-effect statement, or an interpretation. The goal of the argumentative paper is to convince the audience that the claim is true based on the evidence provided.
Contrast Essay
Persuasive Essay
There is a process to follow when creating a thesis.
Your thesis statement should be specific—it should cover only what you will discuss in your paper and should be supported with specific evidence.
The thesis statement usually appears at the end of the first paragraph of a paper.
Your topic may change as you write, so you may need to revise your thesis statement to reflect exactly what you have discussed in the paper.
Example of an analytical thesis statement:

An analysis of the college admission process reveals one challenge facing counselors: accepting students with high test scores or students with strong extracurricular backgrounds.
The paper that follows should:
explain the analysis of the college admission process
explain the challenge facing admissions counselors
Example of an argumentative thesis statement:

High school graduates should be required to take a year off to pursue community service projects before entering college in order to increase their maturity and global awareness.
The paper that follows should:
present an argument and give evidence to support the claim that students should pursue community projects before entering college
You will keep two types of cards
bib cards
note cards
Example Bib Card
Gleick, James. Chaos: Making a New Science. New York:
Penguin, 1987. Print.
disorganization breeds new theories
Example Note Card
Writing has been an issue in American secondary and
higher education since papers and examinations came
into wide use in the 1870s, eventually driving out
formal recitation and oral examination.
pg. 78
Written examinations have been around for quite some time.
A paraphrase puts the material into your own words.

This type of quotation does not use quotation marks since none of the phrasing is original to the source.
In the 1870s writing became a main assessment tool for educators (Gleick 78).
A full sentence quote uses the entirity of the sentence(s) with original phrasing. (Note, the amount of sentences and/or words is what makes the difference between a block quote and a full sentence quote.)
"Writing has been an issue in American secondary and
higher education since papers and examinations came
into wide use in the 1870s, eventually driving out
formal recitation and oral examination" (Gleick 78).
A partial sentence quote uses some of the author's original words and some of your own. The entire thing should read like a smooth sentence. A listener should not be able to hear the change from your words to the source words. Since some words are not yours, the source words are put into quotation marks.
"Writing has been an issue in American secondary and
higher education since papers and examinations came
into wide use in the 1870s" enabling the downfall of other methods of examination (Gleick 78).
A block quote is like a full sentence quote, but this is where the length comes in. If your quote will be more than 4 lines long, a block quote is needed. While the wording is going to be original to the source, the formatting, and not quotation marks, will set this material off as not your own words. A block quote's lead in sentence will end in a colon. The quote itself will start on a new line and be "double indented." Finally, the citation goes after the period. This is the only time that will happen. When you return to your analysis you should start a new line and continue on as you would if it was all one paragraph (because it is).
In "American Origins of the Writing-across-the-Curriculum Movement," David Russell argues:
Writing has been an issue in American secondary and higher education since
papers and examinations came into wide use in the 1870s, eventually driving
out formal recitation and oral examination. From its birth in the late
nineteenth century, progressive education has wrestled with the conflict
within industrail society between pressure to increase specialization of
knowledge and of professional work (upholding disciplinary standards) and
pressure to integrate more fully an ever-widerning number of citizes into i
ntellectually meaningful activity within mass society (promoting social equity).
(Gierke 78)
Citations need two things
a signal word
a page number
A signal word is the word or phrase that connects back to your Works Cited page. It allows your reader to know which source they should reference should they wish to do so.
Typically the signal word will the author's last name.
Sometimes there is no author. In that case it would be the article title.
Basically, whatever comes first in the Works Cited entry is the signal word.
If you mention the signal word in the sentence it does NOT need to appear in the parenthetical citation.
The page number should NOT be preceeded by "pg." or anything simialr-just give the number!
If your source did not have page numbers, simply omit this from the parenthetical citation.
In every instance EXCEPT the block quote, the citation is part of the sentence and should go inside the end punctuation.
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