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Lev Vygotsky: Cognitive Development
Transcript of Lev Vygotsky: Cognitive Development
Knowledge is constructed through one's own experiences and interactions with others and with the world around them.
Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934) is often associated with social constructivst theory. He emphasized that
aspects played an important role in cognitive development.
PRINCIPLES OF VYGOTSKY'S WORK:
ZPD is the area of exploration in which a child is prepared, but the child needs social interaction from a 'More Knowledgeable Other'--peer or teacher--to be able to fully understand the new concept or skill.
ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT
Tools of learning that are specific to a particular culture--language, writing--that help create and maintain social environments.
Process of working with a child while gradually withdrawing help as the child begins mastering a task at hand.
Process in which a child observes and learns socially within his/her culture. The child then meshes that with what the child already knows internally.
Children enjoy the learning process if they are engaged in activities rather than just listening to instruction.
A sense of ownership occurs when a child learns hands on and may retain the knowledge.
Utilizes all our senses in learning--touch, sight, sound, taste. Can be especially beneficial to children with special needs.
Easier to relate to real world.
Lack of structure. Some students require highly structured environments.
Requires a more 'personal' curriculum based on what the student already knows--this can lead to some students falling behind others.
'Group thinking' can lead to majority rules and not necessarily accurate.
Group learning sometimes leads to one doing all the work.
Key Points: Vygotsky's Theory of Cognitive Development
Children actively construct their knowledge and understanding.
Children develop knowledge and understanding primarily through social interaction.
Learning leads development.
Language and thought play a central role in cognitive development.
Lev Vygotsky: Cognitive Development
"Through others, we become ourselves"-Lev Vygotsky
Assessing our Knowledge:
1. How can the basic principles of Vygotsky's theory be applied to education and teaching?
2. Evaluate Vygotsky's theory of cognitive development. Do you agree or disagree? Explain why.
3. What are ways you attribute your own cognitive development as a child to Vygotsky's theory?
4. What are some ways to experiment with using scaffolding in the classroom?
5. How does Vygotsky's theory reflect the social constructivist approach?
in essence, Vygotsky believed...
the following image and video will help give a better understanding of ZPD and Scaffolding...
summing up, Vygotsky's theory of Cognitive Development is a mix of...
and for fun...and to learn more about social constructivism...
let's assess our knowledge and understanding...
Santrock, J. (2014). Child development (14th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education
By: Kristen Arnim
let's take a closer look...
who is Lev Vygotsky...
Vygotsky and Teaching Strategies...
Assess the child's ZPD
Use the child's ZPD in teaching
Use more-skilled peers as teachers
Encourage children's use of private speech (e.g., talk it out with themselves externally and internally)
Place instruction in a meaningful context (e.g., real world problems)
Transform the classroom with Vygotskian ideas (e.g., small groups, scaffolding)
Vygotsky in the classroom...