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Literature and Writers

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by

Samuel Deng

on 30 October 2013

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Transcript of Literature and Writers

Literature & Writers
The Beginnings of American Literature
Distinct American Writers
American Dissenters
Origins:
The Knickerbocker Group
Irving, Fennimore Cooper, Cullen Bryant.
Cooper = American is the "natural man"
Wide sale w/ Europeans
,
spread

American themes.
Action from Literature
John Greenleaf Whittier: Quaker, human freedom
James Russel Lowell (satirist)
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Women Writers
Louisa May Alcott: shaped by transcendentalism,
wrote to earn a living
Emily Dickinson: poet, recluse.
What do they have in common?
New England based, all in North (except for William Gillmore Sims)
(why?)
Influence =
TRANSCENDENTALISM.
Edgar Allen Poe
Failed, failed, failed (even at suicide!)
NOT
optimistic about American identity ==> prized more by Europeans
Calvinism/Puritanism
IT'S BACK
Nathaniel Hawthorne: Scarlet Letter, original sin.
Herman Melville
Good vs. Evil themes.
Unprofitable
Ignored at time of publication,
NOT UPBEAT, NEGATIVE.
(Trend?)
Developing an American Identity
To Conclude:
IDENTITY.
Main Idea:
KEY WORDS:
AMERICAN IDENTITY.
Distinctly American style.
British style => American style
Mostly practical until...
WAR OF 1812
(why?)
Also: early Puritanism, the frontier
Full transcript