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Literature and Writers
Transcript of Literature and Writers
The Beginnings of American Literature
Distinct American Writers
The Knickerbocker Group
Irving, Fennimore Cooper, Cullen Bryant.
Cooper = American is the "natural man"
Wide sale w/ Europeans
Action from Literature
John Greenleaf Whittier: Quaker, human freedom
James Russel Lowell (satirist)
Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
Louisa May Alcott: shaped by transcendentalism,
wrote to earn a living
Emily Dickinson: poet, recluse.
What do they have in common?
New England based, all in North (except for William Gillmore Sims)
Edgar Allen Poe
Failed, failed, failed (even at suicide!)
optimistic about American identity ==> prized more by Europeans
Nathaniel Hawthorne: Scarlet Letter, original sin.
Good vs. Evil themes.
Ignored at time of publication,
NOT UPBEAT, NEGATIVE.
Developing an American Identity
Distinctly American style.
British style => American style
Mostly practical until...
WAR OF 1812
Also: early Puritanism, the frontier