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Archetypal Criticism

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Ryan Pham

on 25 July 2014

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Transcript of Archetypal Criticism

Carl Jung (1875-1961) is a Swiss Physician, Psychiatrist, and Philosopher.

He founded analytical psychology.

He developed concepts such as "Collective Unconscious" and "Archetype Criticism."

He believes that our unconscious mind powerfully directs much of our behavior.

He said archetypes can be found in the unconscious mind.
Historical Background
Key Terms
Personal Conscious:
The state of awareness in the present moment, and once the present moment has passed, it becomes part of the individual's unique personal unconscious.

Collective Unconscious:
Lies beneath the personal conscious and personal unconscious, it is a storage house of knowledge, experiences, and images of the human race.

An image, character, or pattern of circumstances that occur throughout literature and is thought consistently enough to be considered a universal concept or situation
The Hero's Journey Archetype
Archetypal Theory
The analysis of a piece of literature through the examination of archetypes and archetypal patterns.

Archetypes are patterns that are shared across different cultures as countless forms buried deep in our collective unconscious.

The study of archetypes in literature is known as archetypal criticism or mythical criticism. Archetypes are also called universal symbols.

Archetypes have originated in the unchanging situations of human beings, such as the rotating seasons or the mysteries of death, they are not intentionally created or culturally acquired. Instead, they come to us instinctively as impulses and knowledge hidden somewhere in our biological, psychologically, and social natures.
Ryan Pham, Jasslynn Moran

Christie Topjian, Alberto Ruiz
Archetypal Criticism
Key Terms
Our darker side - the side of ourselves that we do not want to confront and in literature is displayed as the villain and the devil.

The "soul image" that causes one to act.
Anima: female designation in men.
Animus: male designation in women.

The mask we hide behind and display to others in the world.
1) What commonly encountered archetypes do you recognize within the literature?

2) Do you recognize any archetypal images within the text?

3) Do you recognize any archetypal situations within the text?
What to look for in the work of Literature?!
1) Characters:
- The Hero
- The Scapegoat
- The Outcast
- The Devil
- Female Figures
- The Trickster
- The Wise Old Man
- The Child

2) Situational:
- The Quest
- The Task
- The Initiation
- The Journey
- The Fall
- Death and Rebirth
- Creation and Origin
- Destruction
3) Images:
- Colors
- Geographic/Geologic
- Numbers
- Gardens
- Circles
- Sun
- Light/Darkness
- Heaven/Hell
Archetypal Theory
4 Easy Steps
1) Archetypes:
- universal images that have existed since the remotest times

Carl Jung said, "A figure that repeat itself in the course of history wherever creative fantasy is fully manifested..."

2) Recognize:
- Near identical images/patterns
- They are found in characters, images, and situations.

3) Connection:
- We are connecting with archetypes, recrtions of basic patterns that are already in our unconscious making us respond just as someone halfway around the world from us might.

4) Repeat:
- Archetypes, Recognize, Connection
The Road
"This is my child, he said. I wash a
dead man's brains out of his hair.
That is my job. Then he wrapped
him in the blanket and carried
him to the fire." (74)

"What do you see? the boy said.
Nothing. He handed the binoculars across. The boy slung the strap over his neck and put them to his eyes and
adjusted the wheel. Everything
about them so still."

"I'm afraid for that little boy. I know. But
he'll be all right. We should go get him, Papa. We could get him and take him with us. WE could take him and we could take the dog. The dog could catch something to eat. We can't. And I'd give that little boy half of my food. Stop it. We can't. He was crying again. What about the little boy? he sobbed. What about the little boy?
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