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Transcript of Grammar Prezzi
Action Verb: Tells what the subject is doing.
across the room.
around the trampoline.
Linking Verbs: Connects or links a subject to a noun or an adjective in a predicate.
in the library.
common in the south.
Helping Verbs: Helps the main verb express tense and voice.
decided that school is mandatory.
-The school bell
ring in a few minutes.
8 parts of speech
Common Nouns: A common noun is any noun that does not name a specific person, place, thing, or idea. These nouns are not capitalized.
went into school.
-Trevor tied his
Proper Nouns: A proper noun is the name of a specific place, person, or thing. It is capitalized.
His practice was on
Concrete Nouns: A concrete noun names a thing of a specific person, place, or thing. Concrete can either proper or common.
was blue ink.
is a very busy place.
Abstract Nouns: An abstract noun names something you can think about but cannot
see or touch. Abstract nouns can be concrete or proper.
- Having a
Collective Nouns: A collective noun names a group or collection of person's, animals, places, or things.
of fish swam by.
of people walked by.
Compound Nouns: A compound name is made of two or more words.
is very nice.
is close to the middle school.
Types of Pronouns:
Antecedents: Is the noun that the pronoun refers to or replaces. all pronouns (except interrogative and indefinite
pronouns) have anecdotes
had fun at the fair.
was a very warm day.
Personal Pronouns: A personal takes takes the place of a specific person or thing in a sentence some common personal pronouns are I ,you,he,she,it,we and they.
ran very slow.
was team captain.
Relative Pronouns: A relative pronoun is both a pronoun and a connecting word.
has the most people is Tumwater High school
- She is the person
is very nice.
Interrogative Pronoun: An interrogative pronoun helps ask a question.
is the person that stole her purse?
questions were the homework?
Demonstrative Pronouns: Points out or identifys a noun without naming the noun.
is a fun project.
socks are cool.
Intensive Pronouns: Emphasizes or intensifys , the noun or pronoun it refers to.
, it was a very nice presentation.
Reflexive Pronouns: Refers back to the subject of the sentence, and its always an object, never a subject in a sentence.
very healthy foods.
by hiding in blankets.
Indefinite Pronouns: A pronoun that does not have a specific antecedent.
about the poster looked spectacular.
who acts like her is a doll.
Tenses of Verbs:
Present Tense Verbs: The present tense of a verb expresses action or a state of being or continuously or regularly.
taking a run
making a sandwich.
Past Tense Verbs: The past tense of a verb expresses action or a state of being that was completed in the past.
-The man ran three miles yesterday.
-The woman drove to the store on Tuesday.
Future Tense Verbs: The future tense of a verb expresses action that will take place.
-Someday I will go to China.
-I will take the garbage later.
Present continuous tense verb: Expresses action that is completed at the time of starting it.
-Many people are skating in the park.
-Mel is making a sandwich.
Articles: The articles a, an, and the are adjectives
boy is a good student.
girl is good at the art of drawing.
Proper Adjectives: A proper adjective is formed from a proper noun and it is always capitalized.
sandwich shop is delicious.
pizza place is delicious.
Common Adjectives: A common adjective is a adjective that is not proper or capitalized.
-My grandpa says he is very
-I want to live on a
field when I'm older.
Demonstrative Adjectives: Points out a particular noun in a sentence.
- This worm is
-But that sandwich is
Compound Adjectives: A compound adjective is made up of two or more words.
- The girl is a
-The boy is a
Adverbs of Time: An adverb of time tells when,how often and how long.
I will eat a roast beef sandwich.
eat a bad sandwich.
Adverbs of Place: Tell where to where to or from where.
-The man was going to climb
-The man placed his tent
Adverbs of Manner: Adverbs often end in ly and tell how something is done. Some words as adverbs can be written with or without the ly ending.
walked into the doughnut store.
stalked the cat.
Adverbs of Degree: Adverbs of degree tell how much or how little.
the maker of doughnuts.
the basketball manager.
Conjunctive Adverbs: Can be used as a conjunction and shows connection or a transition between two independent clauses.
-While she sang, she also tapped her foot.
-He didn't liker here, therefore they broke up.
Forms of Adverbs:
Positive Adverbs: Describes but does not make a comparison.
jogged down the driveway.
-She woke up very
Comparative Adverbs: Form of adverb and compares two things.
-She woke up much
than her brother.
-He ran much
Superlative Adverbs: Adverb compares three or more things.
-She was the
one to arrive at the finish line.
-He slept in the
Irregular Forms: Some adverbs use completely different words to express comparison.
-She was doing very
on the test.
-He was in
shape every passing day.
Prepositional Phrases: A preposition is never alone, it is always part of a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase includes the preposition, the object of the preposition, and the modifiers of the object.
-My cousin looked around the closet for her lost earing.
(Preposition: around, object: closet, modifiers: the, closet.)
-She had never won a volleyball match before.
(Before is an adverb that modifies had won)
Coordinating Conjunctions: Connects a word to a word, a phrase to a phrase, or a clause to a clause. The words, phrases, or clauses, joined by a coordinating conjunction must be equal, or of the same type.
docks can easily be picked up.
-You can drive a car
take the bus to get to the beach in the same amount of time.
Correlative Conjunctions: Conjunctions used in pairs.
finish this project
do the algebra homework.
eat the ice cream,
you can eat the brownie.
Subordinating Conjunctions: Word or group of words that connects two clauses that are not equally important. A subordinating conjunction begins a dependent clause and connects it to and independent clause to make a complex sentence.
-I think she is funny
she makes a lot of jokes.
she never eats breakfast, she never has enough energy to get through the day.
An interjection is a word or phrase used to express strong emotion or surprise. Punctuation is used to separate an interjection from the rest of the sentence.
, that dress looks gorgeous.
! She broke her arm.
Eight parts of speech
Number of Nouns:
Singular Nouns: Names one person, place, thing, or idea.
Plural Nouns: A plural noun names more than on person, place, thing or idea.
battled each other.
Gender of Nouns:
Noun Gender: Nouns are grouped according to gender.
liked cupcakes (feminine)
was funny. (masculine)
Uses of Nouns:
Subject Noun: A noun that is the subject of the sentence does something or is talked about in a sentence.
of my family are swedish.
have been found in Antarctica.
Predicate Nouns: Follows a form of the be verb and renames the subject.
-Bluegrass music is southern
-The angel was a brilliant
in the play.
Possessive Nouns: Shoes possession or ownership.
new suit was ugly.
new song was very catchy.
Object Nouns: When it is used as the direct object, the indirect object, or the object of the preposition.
-Techno music is not very popular in the
are very good listeners.
Number of a Pronoun:
Singular and Plural Pronouns: Pronouns can be either singular or plural.
rode my bike to the store. (singular)
threw a big party.
Person of a Pronoun:
First Persons Pronoun: Is used in place of the speaker or speakers.
read very loudly.
are a very quiet group.
Second Person Pronouns: Is used to name the person or thing spoken to.
for buying my pizza.
are so pretty.
Third Person Pronouns: Used to name the person or thing spoken about.
is very clever.
don't like me.
Uses of a Pronoun:
Subject Pronouns: Is used as the subject of the sentence.
right here" I told him.
swear I didn't do it." She yelled.
Object Pronouns: Can be used as the object of a verb or preposition.
-I'll talk to
as soon as I can.
-Can you send
a picture of the waterfall?
Possessive Pronouns: Shows possession or ownership. These possessive pronouns function as adjectives before nouns.
new house is very clean.
over in the corner.
Special Kinds of Adjectives:
Indefinite Adjectives: Gives approximate, or indefinite, information. It does not tell exactly how many or how much.
-I only eat
-My father eats
Predicate Adjectives: Follows a linking verb and describes the subject.
-The fish in the pond are quite
-All the crawfish in the pond went
Forms of Adjectives:
Positive Adjectives: Describes a noun or pronoun without comparing it to anyone or anything else.
-He is a very
-I thought the new car was very
Comparative Adjectives: Compares two persons, places, things, or ideas.
-The new train in Germany is much
than our US Metro System.
-The flashlight was
than her old one.
Superlative Adjectives: Compares three or more persons, places, things, or ideas.
-She was the
girl in school.
-He was the
kid in our class.
Irregular Forms: Some adjectives use completely different words to express comparison.
- She was a
soccer player than her mom. (good, better, best)
-Her brother was the
kid on the playground. (bad, worse, worst)
Present Perfect Tense Verbs: Expresses action that began in the past but continues or is completed in the present.
what I will be doing in school tomorrow.
-She continues to
in her ankle.
Past Perfect Tense Verbs: Expresses action that began in the past and is completed in the past.
to see the Mickey Mouse movie in Disney World.
to get an A on the project.
Future Perfect Tense Verbs: Expresses action that will begin in the future and will be completed by a specific time in the future.
will have seen
the new movie by then.
will have flown
in the airplane by now.
Present Continuous Tense Verbs: Expresses action that is not completed at the time of starting it.
a lot to this project,
to be a great athlete.
Past Continuous Tense Verbs: Expresses action that was happening at a certain time in the past.
to become a better cook.
to learn much more about the eight parts of speech.
Future Continuous Tense Verbs: Expresses action that will take place at a certain time in the future.
are going to be performing
a miracle if they can save his arm.
Forms Of Verbs:
Active or Passive Voice: The voice of the verb tells you whether the subject is not doing the action or receiving the action. The verb is the active voice if the subject is doing the action in the sentence.
of being a cat.
to the fair with my friend.
Singular and Plural Verbs: A singular subject needs a singular verb. A plural subject needs a plural verb. For action verbs, on the third-person singular verb form is different.
a good soccer player. (singular)
good soccer players. (plural)
Transitive Verbs: Verb that transfers its action to a direct object. The object makes the meaning of the verb complete.
the swing back and forth.
Intransitive Verbs: Does not need and object to complete its meaning.
up the sun.
Transitive or Intransitive Verbs: Some verbs can be either transitive or intransitive.
her book. (transitive)
Gerunds: Verb form that ends in ing and is used as a noun. Usually begins a phrase.
has no point.
stop stressing about so many things.
Participles: Verb form ending in ing or ed. A participle is used as an adjective and often begins with a prepositional phrase.
water was cold.
chicken was good,
Infinitives: Verb form introduced by to. It may be used as a noun, adjective, adverb.
carefully in his class.
in the next meet.