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Parts of Speech
Kate Klacanon 23 September 2014
Transcript of Parts of Speech
Parts of Speech
Every word is a different part of speech
People, places, things, or ideas.
A specific person, place or thing
All proper nouns are capitalized.
state --> Minnesota
city --> Mound
Refers to a group as one
team, class, herd, murmuration
More than one person, place, thing or idea
Most nouns are made plural by adding an "s" or "es"
Some are made plural by adding "en"
Shows that a person, place or thing,
Apostrophes are used to show possession.
A word made up of one or more nouns
football, facebook, backpack
Pronouns stand in place of nouns.
Antecedent: The word that a pronoun replaces
1st person I, me we, us
2nd person you you
3rd person he, she, it they, them
takes the place of the name of a person or thing
takes the place of a possessive noun
1st person: my, mine our, ours
2nd person: your, yours your, yours
3rd person: his, her(s), its their, theirs
reflects action back on the noun our pronoun just named
1st person: myself ourselves
2nd person: yourself yourselves
3rd person: herself, himself themselves
A word that describes
a noun or pronoun
Adjectives usually modify a noun
or pronoun by answering the following questions:
There are characteristic adjective
Adjectives can do several things:
They can DESCRIBE someone or something.
They can COMPARE two or more things.
are special kinds of adjectives.
a, an, the
Color and number words are also adjectives.
They help to answer the questions 'Which one?' and 'How many?'
A word that modifies or describes a verb, adjective, or another adverb.
the following questions:
The most common adverb suffix is
Adverbs of Time:
tomorrow, yesterday, now
Adverbs of Degree, Adverbs of Manner: well, poorly
Adverbs of place: there, near, here
types of adverbs
Good vs. Well
Good is an adjective.
Well is an adverb.
Mary wants to see
in the mirror.
does not have an exact antecedent
Singular: someone, somebody, anyone, anybody, everyone, everybody, either, neither, one, no one, each, another
Plural: several, few, other, both, many
Who? Whom? Whose? Which? What?
points out something specific
This That These Those
a word that expresses physical or mental action or a state of being
All complete sentences contain verbs.
Verbs tell what is happening in a sentence (action verb). If nothing is happening, then the verb expresses a state of being (linking verb)
3 kinds of Verbs
extra verbs in front of the main verb to help make a statement
Express mental or physical action
Think, worry, dream, imagine
jump, run, write, grow
Show a state of being, something exists
These verbs link to the subject a noun, a pronoun, or an adjective that describes or identifies the subject.
Action verbs and linking verbs can both be considered
A verb phrase is made up of a main verb and one or more helping verbs.
will be coming
should have paid
must have been injured
The parts of a verb phrase may be separated from one another by words; the helping verb may be separated from the main verb.
Lorraine Hansberry’s play?
A singular verb has to match its singular subject. A plural verb has to match its plural subject
I walk We walk
You walk You walk
He/she walks They walk
Verb tense: verbs show the time that the action is taking place. (past, present, future)
Past tense Present tense Future tense
Walked walk will walk
words that connect words or groups of words together in a sentence
The most common conjunctions are:
and, but, or
Other common conjunctions are:
for, nor, yet, so
I like green eggs and ham.
I like green eggs but not ham.
I like green eggs or ham.
I like green eggs, for they go well with ham.
I like neither green eggs nor ham.
I like green eggs, yet I also like ham.
I like green eggs, so I must like ham.
Some conjunctions work in pairs:
a word (or a group of words) that shows the relationship between its object (a noun or pronoun following the preposition) and another word in the sentence
The most common conjunctions...
Are called coordinating conjunctions.
They connect equal parts of a sentence.
EXAMPLE: The boy took his dog
the house.In this sentence,
is the preposition that shows the relationship of the
(the house is what the dog was taken into).
Prepositions are always the first word in a
Prepositional Phrase is made up of:A
Fred placed the book
Sally looked for clothes
Prepositions can be:
Single words: at, in, on, with
Compound words: within, outside, underneath
Phrases: on top of, in spite of, on account of
Words that show strong emotion or surprise
Usually an exclamation point sets an interjection apart from the rest of a sentence.
Example: Wow! I had no idea how strong you are.
If the emotion is not as strong, a comma is used.
Example: Hey, can you hand me that pencil?
Wow! Hey! Oh no! Ouch! Ugh! Yea! Yikes!
Please take out your green note taking packet when you arrive in class.
Be ready to take notes.