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Islam Religion

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by

Robert Wong

on 25 May 2014

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Transcript of Islam Religion

Beliefs
Religious Symbols
The star and crescent is the crest of the Islamic religion. This symbol is used mainly on many flags in the Islam world area such as Turkey or Pakistan. The early Muslims did not have symbol. But they did around the 1450s. The five points of the star represent the five pillars of Islam. The moon represents the power of good in Islam, so there is a crescent on the symbol as well.
Religious Writings
Some of the religious books of this religion are:
Qur'an (Koran)
Sunnah
Hadith
Fiqh
Sharia
Kalam
Islam
About Islam
Holidays and Festivals

Muslims believe that their god is almighty, unique, the creator, has all power and is absolute just and their only purpose in life is to serve him. They also believe that he is the only one capable of granting life and knows everything. Muslims believe in Creation and the same God in Christianity, but they give him a new name: Allah. They reject the idea of Christ dieing on the cross for humanity's sins. They believe that their god created them from attributes. There are five pillars, the central duties of every Muslim, which are: The Declaration of Faith, prayer (Salah), fasting (Sawn), Welfare Tax (Zakat), and pilgrinage (Hajj).
Kaaba
The Star and Crescent
There are two major holidays and festivals for Muslims, Ramadan and Eid Al-Fitr.
During the Ramdan, Muslims do not eat, they spend their time reading the Qu'ran
The Ramadan lasts about 1 month
The Ramadan start date moves back about 11 days every year
Ramadan
Ramadan is a holiday that takes place on the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, which is 10-11 days earlier every year, because the Muslim calendar is 354-355 days long, and that bases the day of Ramadan. Ramadan is celebrated so that Muslims can observe their religion and it is the time when the Qur'an was first revealed to Muhammad. During Ramadan, Muslims fast, which means they refrain from eat, drink, smoke, engage in sexual affairs, and sometimes swearing is not permitted. Fasting lasts from sunrise to sunset every day during Ramadan. Muslims are also encouraged to recite the whole Qur'an in the month of Ramadan.

Ramadan takes place on the ninth month of the Muslim calendar for the whole month.
The Qur'an was first revealed to Muhammad during Ramadan.
Muslims fast during Ramadan, which means they refrain from eating, drinking, smoking, engaging in sexual affairs, and sometimes swearing from sunrise to sunset.
Muslims are encourage to recite the whole Qur'an by the end of Ramadan.
Islam is the second largest religion in the world, a monotheistic religion, with a present number of follower of 1.3-1.57 billion. The religion started in 622 CE at Arabian peninsula; the main location that Islam reveals to is the Middle East and Northern Africa, but mostly in Northern Africa. They were also located in the Philippines. The place where they worship is the Mosque, they have only one god that they pray to is Rasul Allah. Their sacred book is the "Qur'an" sometimes spelled "Koran". The spiritual leader is called Muhammad who started the religion Islam and was a member of the Quraish clan.
The Kaaba (Kab'ah) literally means cube. It is known as the cube and is a sacred object in the Islam faith. It is located in Mecca, al-Hejaz, Saudi Arabia. It is manditoy for Muslims to face the Kaaba while praying. The direction facing the Qibla. They also have to pay a pilgrimage to Mecca called Hajj. All Muslims must perform this in their life. The object is sacred because Muslims believe that Abraham and his son, Ishmael made it.
Fun Facts
L0L Swag

Connections
-The Sunni
-The largest branch.
-Follow Abu Bakr.



Origins
Branches
Biography Of Founder:
The name of the founder of Islam is Muhammad. Born in 570CE in Arabian, City of Mecca (current city: Saudi Arabia) after his father, Abdullah, death (died 6 month before Muhammad was born). Muhammad died on June 8th 632 AD.

Family background: Father- Abdullah (died 6 month before Muhammad was born.)
Mother-Aimina (brought Muhammad up with the help of her extended family.)
Wife of Muhammad: Khadija
Close companions: Ali (cousin), Abu Bakr (son in law), Abu Lahab (uncle).
How was the religion discovered:Muhammad saw and heard in successive revelation which started in Arabia. 20 years later, it was summarized in which became Islam's sacred book, the Qur'an (Koran)

What does Muslim mean?
Islam-seeking for peace with gods and what will happen is the will of god.
To other religions
-Islam is very similar
to Judaism although
it does not accept
Islam.
-Share the Jewish
bible with Christianity.
Rites of passage
Birth and Childhood
When child is born, the parents recite the Adhan (call to prayer) into the right ear and Iqamah (call to stand up for the ritual prayer) into left ear
7 days after baby is born, naming ceremony takes place
Children have a age of distinguishing ( children are old enought to take care of themselves) boys are 7 years old and girls are 9 years old
Children have a age of maturity (the age of which they are considerd an adult). The age is 15 years old.
Marriage

Not always based of romance but ancestry
Reads the Koran
Read about marriage, responsibility
There is singing and dancing
You have to sign a contract
Death
Believe in heaven and hell.
Based on your deeds, though good deeds are worth 10x more.
They want the last word to be said is Allah.
Washed with soap
Dying person surrounded by family and friends.
Family and friends say prayers and passages to the dying person.
When person is close to death, family and friends recite surah (chapter) thirty-six of the Qur'an to the dying person.
This is the most important event in the person's path to God.
Eid Al-Fitr
Eid al-Fitr is a holiday that is one day after Ramadan. It marks the end of Ramadan, or "the month of fasting". During Eid al-Fitr, Muslims pay special attention to their personal hygiene, for example, they put on their newest clothes, men apply perfume, etc. Every day of Eid al-Fitr, Muslims wake up before sunrise to pray, then there is usually a feast and gift exchanging going on everywhere. There is also a lot of praying and worshiping on Eid al-Fitr.
Eid al-Fitr takes place after Ramadan.
Muslims celebrate it because it marks the end of Ramadan.
During Eid al-Fitr, Muslims pay special attention to their personal hygiene, and they pray and worship God.
There is usually gift exchanges and feasts on that day.
*These were all originally written in Arab, but they have been translated into many different languages.
Bibliography
Islam city ramadan
http://www.islamicity.com/ramadan/eid_default.shtml

Islam Sabbath
http://muslimvoices.org/do-muslims-observe-the-sabbath/

Islam 8 readings
http://www.onislam.net/english/reading-islam/living-islam/growing-in-faith/446778.html

Islam rites and ritual
http://www.patheos.com/Library/Islam/Ritual-Worship-Devotion-Symbolism/Rites-and-Ceremonies.html

Islamic history
http://www.eid.net.in/history.htm

"What Does Muslim Mean?" :: Reader Comments at Daniel Pipes. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Dec. 2013.

THE LIFE OF THE PROPHET, THE SPREAD OF ISLAM — Notre ...

http://ocw.nd.edu/arabic-and-middle-east-studies/islamic-societies-of-the-middle-east-and-north-africa-religion-history-and-culture/lectures/lecture-2

www.truthbeknown.com/islam.htm

http://muslimmatters.org/2012/11/15/ten-things-you-didnt-know-about-the-kaaba/

101 interesting facts about islam

http://turntoislam.com/community/threads/101-interesting-facts-about-islam.29606/

Books used: Gerner, Katy; Religions Around the World Islam, Marshall Cavendish Benchmark, Tarrytown, 2008

Important Stories:
Gabriel- Is referred to as " an angel of the lord" consider one of the four archangels whom god sent with his divine message to various prophets.
- Gabriel revelaed to Muhammad what Islam teaches is the last of Allah's relelations to human-beings. The collection of these revelations are written in the Qur'an (Koran), the holy book of Islam.
Mecca- A place in Arabian where Muhammad was born.
Medina- Proved to be far more receptive to Islam than Meccans.
- The prophet set building a specific Muslim community.
Prophets - Accepted Islam. Umar, Uthman, Haritha, Zayd B. were prophets who accepted Islam.
- Daughter of Muhammad also accepted Islam.
- Epicenter of Mecca. The key to open Kab'ah is in the hands of one family.
kjhgkjhgkjhgkjhg
-Chart of branches in numbers
Osama Bin Ladin was an Islamic extremist and founded the group Al-Qaeda
Islam means "peace through the submission to god."
Haitham Bundakji quotes that: "There are 1.8 billion Muslims in the world, and 99.9% are peace-loving"
The Qur'an calls for the slaying of disbelievers on encountering them
Currently, Islam has caused 270 million deaths worldwide, competing with Christianity... so peaceful
Medina had a sizeable Jewish population. Prophet of Islam promised the Jews they would get protected rights for the Jews to live according to their laws, in return for their cooperation and alliance against the Meccans.
The Qur'an
http://www.ethnicityonline.net/islam_birth.htm
Patrick Fourchalk, Nick Huang, Samuel Ng, Vinesh Reddy, and Robert Wong
The Qur'an says to kill disbelievers of Islam where you find them. Rather violent, I would say.
Full transcript