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# ESSENTIAL MATHS CONCEPT

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#### Transcript of ESSENTIAL MATHS CONCEPT

TOPLAMA İŞLEMİ
SUBTRACTION :
ÇIKARMA İŞLEMİ
MULTIPLICATION :
ÇARPMA İŞLEMİ
DIVISION :
BÖLME İŞLEMİ

(TOPLAMA İŞLEMİ)
SUBTRACTION
(ÇIKARMA İŞLEMİ)
ESSENTIAL MATHS
CONCEPT

ESSENTIAL MATHS CONCEPT

(TEMEL MATEMATİK KAVRAMLARI)

OPERATIONS
(İŞLEMLER)
+ plus
= equals or is equal to
Sum toplam
Find bulmak
Total sonuç

Add six and eight
Find the sum of six and eight
Find the total of six and eight

Questions:
Six plus eight is fourteen
Six plus eight equals fourteen
The sum is fourteen

Questions:

Add eight and seven
Find the sum of eight and seven
Find the total of eight and seven

Eight plus seven is fifteen
Eight plus seven equals fifteen
The sum is fifteen

- minus
= equals
Difference fark
Subtract çıkarmak

MULTIPLICATION

(ÇARPMA İŞLEMİ)

Multiple(by) çarp
Product çarpım
Times çarpı
Equals eşittir
Factors çarpanlar

DIVISION

(BÖLME İŞLEMİ)

Divided (by) bölme
Quotient bölüm
Remainder kalan
Divisor bölen
Dividend bölünen

Nine minus four is five
Nine minus four equals five
The difference is five

Questions:

Subtract four from nine
Find the difference between
nine and four

Twenty eight minus eleven is seventeen
Twenty eight minus eleven equals seventeen
The difference is seventeen

Subtract eleven from twenty eight
Find the difference between twenty eight and eleven

Questions:

Fifteen times four equals sixty
The product is sixty
Fifteen and four are the factors of sixty

Sixteen times three equals forty eight
The product is forty eight
Sixteen and three are the factors of forty eight

Find the product of sixteen and three
Multiply sixteen by three
The factors are sixteen and three, find the product

Find the product of fifteen and four
Multiply fifteen by four
The factors are fifteen and four,find the product

Twenty four divided by six equals four, the remainder is zero
Six divided into twenty four equals four, the remainder is zero

The dividend is nineteen
The divisor is five
The quotient is three
The remainder is four
SETS OF NUMBERS

Natural or Counting Numbers
(Sayma Sayıları)
S = {1,2,3,4,…}
Whole Numbers
(Doğal Sayılar)
N = {0,1,2,3,…}
Integers
(Tamsayılar)
Z = {…,-2,-1,0,1,2,…}
Rational Numbers
(Rasyonel Sayılar)
a/b; a,bϵZ ,b≠0
Irrational Numbers
(İrrasyonel Sayılar)
R/Q
Real Numbers
(Gerçel Sayılar)
QᴜQ’=R
ODD NUMBER (TEK SAYILAR)

O = {... , –(2n + 1), ... , –3, –1, 1, 3, ... , (2n + 1), ...}

EVEN NUMBERS (ÇİFT SAYILAR)

E = {... , –2n , ... , –4, –2, 0, 2, 4, ... , 2n , ...}

O
+
O
=
E
odd plus odd equals even

E
+
E
=
E
even plus even equals even

O
+
E
=
O
odd plus even equals odd

This is an ……………
Fifteen ………… sixteen ……..thirty one
………………… is thirty one

This is a ……………..
Fifty six ………. twenty two………….. thirty four
The………………. is thirty four
……………. twenty two …………….fifty six

This is a …………………….
Thirteen…………. ten………… one hundred thirty
The ……….is one hundred thirty
……………….thirteen and ten
......... thirteen ….. ten

This is a ……………..
Divide …………..by………
Divide ………..into…………
The……… is forty five
The ………….. is six
The…………….is seven
The……………is three
Forty five ………….six……seven, remainder ……
Six………forty five…….seven, …….. three

POSITIVE-NEGATIVE NUMBERS

(POZİTİF-NEGATİF SAYILAR)
a
<
b
< 0 <
c
<
d

a and b are negative numbers
c and d are positive numbers

n
.
p
=
n

n
.
n
=
p

p
.
p
=
p

Negative numbers times positive numbers equals negative

Negative numbers times negative numbers equals pozitive

Pozitive numbers times positive numbers equals pozitive

PRIME NUMBERS

(ASAL SAYILAR)
Composite numbers asal olmayan sayılar
Have more than 2 factors çarpanlar

2, only even prime number

1 and 0 are not prime

{ 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, ... }

MULTIPLES
(KATLARI)
The multiples of six are 0,6,12,18,24...
Zero is a multiple of every number

FACTORS
(ÇARPANLARI)
The factors of six are 1,2,3,6.
One is a factor of every number.

EVEN
NUMBERS

ODD
ODD
NUMBERS
(TEK SAYILAR)
(ÇİFT SAYILAR)
< , > , ≤ , ≥

EXPONENTIAL NUMBERS

(ÜSLÜ SAYILAR)
x to the power of two or x squared

x to the power of three
or x cubed

x to the power of four
or x to the fourth power
x to the power of five
or x to the fifth power
four, a, b cubed

three, a cubed, b fourth

two, a, b, c fifth

FRACTIONS
(KESİRLER)
numerator
(pay)
fraction bar

(kesir çizgisi)

denominator

(payda)

Proper Fractions

(Basit Kesirler)

One half

One third

Three tenth

Improper Fractions
(Bileşik Kesirler)

Two thirds

Fifty one thirty seconds

Four halves

Mixed Numbers

(Tamsayılı Kesirler)

A mixed fraction is a whole number and a proper fraction combined
One and three
quarters
An improper fraction has a top number
larger than (or equal to) the bottom number
A proper fraction has a top number
less than its bottom number
Equivalent Fractions

(Denk Kesirler)

Equivalent fractions have the same value, even though they may look different
One half is equivalent to two fourths

(Toplamanın Tersi)

Opposite of 3 is -3
Negative of -5 is 5
Additive inverse of is

Multiplicative Inverse(Reciprocal)

(Çarpmaya Göre Tersi)

Reciprocal of is

Reciprocal of is

DECIMALS

(ONDALIK SAYILAR)

Here is the number "forty five and six tenths" written as a decimal number but we usually just say "forty five point six"
Place values basamak değerleri

1 is the hundredths digit in the number 356.812
6 is in the ones place.
8 is in the hundreds place.

five eighths is greater / higher than two quarters

one fifth is less than four fifths

x minus two is less than or equal to x plus four

x plus eight is greater than or equal to nine

Thank you for listening and watching
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