TOPLAMA İŞLEMİ

SUBTRACTION :

ÇIKARMA İŞLEMİ

MULTIPLICATION :

ÇARPMA İŞLEMİ

DIVISION :

BÖLME İŞLEMİ

ADDITION

(TOPLAMA İŞLEMİ)

SUBTRACTION

(ÇIKARMA İŞLEMİ)

**ESSENTIAL MATHS**

CONCEPT

CONCEPT

ESSENTIAL MATHS CONCEPT

(TEMEL MATEMATİK KAVRAMLARI)

OPERATIONS

(İŞLEMLER)

+ plus

= equals or is equal to

Sum toplam

Add toplamak

Find bulmak

Total sonuç

Add six and eight

Find the sum of six and eight

Find the total of six and eight

Questions:

Six plus eight is fourteen

Six plus eight equals fourteen

The sum is fourteen

Questions:

Add eight and seven

Find the sum of eight and seven

Find the total of eight and seven

Eight plus seven is fifteen

Eight plus seven equals fifteen

The sum is fifteen

- minus

= equals

Difference fark

Subtract çıkarmak

**MULTIPLICATION**

(ÇARPMA İŞLEMİ)

(ÇARPMA İŞLEMİ)

Multiple(by) çarp

Product çarpım

Times çarpı

Equals eşittir

Factors çarpanlar

**DIVISION**

(BÖLME İŞLEMİ)

(BÖLME İŞLEMİ)

**Divided (by) bölme**

Quotient bölüm

Remainder kalan

Divisor bölen

Dividend bölünen

Quotient bölüm

Remainder kalan

Divisor bölen

Dividend bölünen

Nine minus four is five

Nine minus four equals five

The difference is five

Questions:

Subtract four from nine

Find the difference between

nine and four

Twenty eight minus eleven is seventeen

Twenty eight minus eleven equals seventeen

The difference is seventeen

Subtract eleven from twenty eight

Find the difference between twenty eight and eleven

Questions:

Fifteen times four equals sixty

The product is sixty

Fifteen and four are the factors of sixty

Sixteen times three equals forty eight

The product is forty eight

Sixteen and three are the factors of forty eight

Find the product of sixteen and three

Multiply sixteen by three

The factors are sixteen and three, find the product

Find the product of fifteen and four

Multiply fifteen by four

The factors are fifteen and four,find the product

Twenty four divided by six equals four, the remainder is zero

Six divided into twenty four equals four, the remainder is zero

The dividend is nineteen

The divisor is five

The quotient is three

The remainder is four

SETS OF NUMBERS

Natural or Counting Numbers

(Sayma Sayıları)

S = {1,2,3,4,…}

Whole Numbers

(Doğal Sayılar)

N = {0,1,2,3,…}

Integers

(Tamsayılar)

Z = {…,-2,-1,0,1,2,…}

Rational Numbers

(Rasyonel Sayılar)

a/b; a,bϵZ ,b≠0

Irrational Numbers

(İrrasyonel Sayılar)

R/Q

Real Numbers

(Gerçel Sayılar)

QᴜQ’=R

ODD NUMBER (TEK SAYILAR)

O = {... , –(2n + 1), ... , –3, –1, 1, 3, ... , (2n + 1), ...}

EVEN NUMBERS (ÇİFT SAYILAR)

E = {... , –2n , ... , –4, –2, 0, 2, 4, ... , 2n , ...}

O

+

O

=

E

odd plus odd equals even

E

+

E

=

E

even plus even equals even

O

+

E

=

O

odd plus even equals odd

This is an ……………

Fifteen ………… sixteen ……..thirty one

………………… is thirty one

This is a ……………..

Fifty six ………. twenty two………….. thirty four

The………………. is thirty four

……………. twenty two …………….fifty six

This is a …………………….

Thirteen…………. ten………… one hundred thirty

The ……….is one hundred thirty

……………….thirteen and ten

......... thirteen ….. ten

This is a ……………..

Divide …………..by………

Divide ………..into…………

The……… is forty five

The ………….. is six

The…………….is seven

The……………is three

Forty five ………….six……seven, remainder ……

Six………forty five…….seven, …….. three

POSITIVE-NEGATIVE NUMBERS

(POZİTİF-NEGATİF SAYILAR)

a

<

b

< 0 <

c

<

d

a and b are negative numbers

c and d are positive numbers

n

.

p

=

n

n

.

n

=

p

p

.

p

=

p

Negative numbers times positive numbers equals negative

Negative numbers times negative numbers equals pozitive

Pozitive numbers times positive numbers equals pozitive

PRIME NUMBERS

(ASAL SAYILAR)

Composite numbers asal olmayan sayılar

Have more than 2 factors çarpanlar

2, only even prime number

1 and 0 are not prime

{ 2, 3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, ... }

MULTIPLES

(KATLARI)

The multiples of six are 0,6,12,18,24...

Zero is a multiple of every number

FACTORS

(ÇARPANLARI)

The factors of six are 1,2,3,6.

One is a factor of every number.

EVEN

NUMBERS

ODD

ODD

NUMBERS

(TEK SAYILAR)

(ÇİFT SAYILAR)

< , > , ≤ , ≥

EXPONENTIAL NUMBERS

(ÜSLÜ SAYILAR)

x to the power of two or x squared

x to the power of three

or x cubed

x to the power of four

or x to the fourth power

x to the power of five

or x to the fifth power

four, a, b cubed

three, a cubed, b fourth

two, a, b, c fifth

FRACTIONS

(KESİRLER)

numerator

(pay)

fraction bar

(kesir çizgisi)

denominator

(payda)

Proper Fractions

(Basit Kesirler)

One half

One third

Three tenth

Improper Fractions

(Bileşik Kesirler)

Two thirds

Fifty one thirty seconds

Four halves

Mixed Numbers

(Tamsayılı Kesirler)

A mixed fraction is a whole number and a proper fraction combined

One and three

quarters

An improper fraction has a top number

larger than (or equal to) the bottom number

A proper fraction has a top number

less than its bottom number

Equivalent Fractions

(Denk Kesirler)

Equivalent fractions have the same value, even though they may look different

One half is equivalent to two fourths

Additive Inverse

(Toplamanın Tersi)

Opposite of 3 is -3

Negative of -5 is 5

Additive inverse of is

Multiplicative Inverse(Reciprocal)

(Çarpmaya Göre Tersi)

Reciprocal of is

Reciprocal of is

DECIMALS

(ONDALIK SAYILAR)

Here is the number "forty five and six tenths" written as a decimal number but we usually just say "forty five point six"

Place values basamak değerleri

1 is the hundredths digit in the number 356.812

6 is in the ones place.

8 is in the hundreds place.

five eighths is greater / higher than two quarters

one fifth is less than four fifths

x minus two is less than or equal to x plus four

x plus eight is greater than or equal to nine

Thank you for listening and watching

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