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Skills and Tools Scientists Use- Ms. Situ

This presentation shows the skills and tools scientists use when experimenting.
by

J Situ

on 7 September 2016

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Transcript of Skills and Tools Scientists Use- Ms. Situ

Skills and Tools of a Scientist
Here are the 9 most basic science skills which will help you to conduct scientific investigations.
Using 1 or more of your senses to gather information about your surroundings.
Infer
Suggest a possible explanation for an observation.
Measure
Describing the amount of something.
Estimate
Careful guesses when exact measurements are not available.
Predict
State what you think may happen in the future based upon previous experiences and observations.
Classify
Grouping based on similarities.
Hypothesize
Suggesting an answer to a problem.
Record and Organize Data
Scientists must keep careful records of their observations.
Analyze
Studying data in search of trends or patterns.
Like other professionals, scientists need the right tools and skills in order to accomplish their goals. You use these same skills everyday without realizing it.
Science is a method for gathering and organizing information about the world around you. This knowledge can be acquired by observing, experimenting, or studying information.
Observe
One of the most important
skills in science is the use of our 5 senses, or making
observations
. Most of the time we think of observing as something we do with our eyes. However, all 5 of our senses can be used to make observations: sight hearing, taste, touch and smell.
We can make 2 kinds of observations: either Qualitative or Quantitative.
Qualitative
data is information that is hard to measure, count, or describe in numbers. It describes the qualities or characteristics of something. Examples are colors, tastes,
& smells.
Quantitative
data is
information that can be expressed using numbers: something that can be counted or measured. Tools are often used to collect quantitative data. Examples include quantity, temperature, mass, & length.

After we make observations, our brain makes logical conclusions about our
observations called
Inferences
.
Full transcript