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MAT 5310

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Shanara C

on 20 June 2013

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Transcript of MAT 5310

Lev Vygotsky
1896-1934 Sociocultural Theory Learning is a social process
Higher order of functions develop out of social interaction
Development is not dependent on only the individual, but also the external world they are in Vygotsky's Theory says Learning is a Social Process Children pick up on the behaviors and listen to the reactions of people to learn. Language is the way toddlers learn to think. They are unable to focus on their own thoughts so they talk through what they are doing, language and thought development are not connected. At the age of 3 speech can be broken into communicative speech (speaking to others) and private speech (talking thoughts). Between the ages of 3 and 7 children begin to internalize their speech and are able to act without verbalizing thoughts. Private speech becomes something they use only for more difficult problem solving activities. Participation in activities that use cognitive and communicative functions scaffold children in development. Higher order of functions develop out of Social Interaction There are certain tasks that a child can do on his own without assistance, this is known as their "lower limit" or "what is known." There are certain tasks that a child can do with the assistance of a more knowledgeable other, this is known as their "upper limit" or "what is not know." Between the lower limit and the upper limit is the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD). When a child is functioning in the ZPD they are using some knowledge that they already have to collaborate with a more knowledgeable other to get a shared understanding. Scaffolding is taking place. In order for the child to learn the concept they must be the one doing the work. As the child grows more in the ZPD the scaffolding is adjusted from relying mostly on the more knowledgeable other to being able to do it mostly on their on to the child mastering the skill. Our culture defines what and how we will learn.
Cultural tools are the tools the culture has given us to carryout functions. Development is not dependent on only the individual, but also the external world Psychological tools our culture uses to teach include language, counting systems, art and teaching styles. Technical tools our culture uses to teach are internet, books, classrooms and smart phones. As in all theories, there are at least parts that we can take to make us more effective teachers. How can Vygotsky's Theory help us to be more effective teachers? We can assess the child's ZPD to most effectively work with the child. This may include working with the child one on one or creating small groups were the child's ZPD will be met allowing them to grow to the upper level. When working with a child in the ZPD it is important to remember to nurture or scaffold the child. This is asking questions to make sure they understand and providing feedback. As they grow, remember to back off support and let them develop. Upper Limit Zone of Proximal Development
(ZPD) Lower Limit Our culture defines the way we understand and interact with the world. (cultural mediation) When working with our students, it is important to remember their habits and ways of learning are a result of the culture in which they are raised. Make a Color Wheel Santrock, J.W. (2009). Child Development (12th Edition). Boston:McGraw. Hill. (24-25, 200-204 prez)

McLeod, S. (2007).Lev Vygotsky. Simply Pyschology. Retrieved September 8, 2012, from www.simplypsychology.org/vygotsky.html

Vygotsky & Contextualism. (n.d.). Retrieved September 13, 2012, from http://cla.calpoly.edu/~dlvalenc/psy459/vygotsky.html

Gallagher, C. (1999, May). Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky. Retrieved August 30, 2012, from www.muskingum.edu/~pysch/pyscweb/history/vygotsky.htm

Roxanne Private Speech. Retrieved September 11, 2012, from www.youtube.com/watch?v=XuDeh_raBxM

How to put together a 54-piece puzzle in 75 seconds. Retrieved September 18, 2012, from www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0j2nnCnziU Babies learn to express themselves based on reactions they get from other people, which teaches the baby how to act, eventually the baby establishes a language of communicating. We learn to communicate socially Over time cultural tools change how we learn.
flash cards vs. smart phones
encyclopedias vs. internet
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