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Transcript of Langston Hughes
Arnold Rampersad. Hughes died at the age of 65 on May 22, 1967 in New York from a prostate condition. I, too, sing America.
I am the darker brother.
They send me to eat in the kitchen
When company comes,
But I laugh,
And eat well,
And grow strong.
I'll be at the table
When company comes.
Say to me,
"Eat in the kitchen,"
They'll see how beautiful I am
And be ashamed--
I, too, am America. He visited his father in Mexico after graduating. Hughes and his father did not get along well. He turned the pain his family's problems caused into one of his most famous poems, "The Negro Speaks of Rivers" which is about the strength and pride of black people. Hughes attended high school in Ohio and graduated in 1920. He was chosen to be class poet and yearbook editor in his senior year. He returned to America, enrolled at Columbia university in 1921, but left after a year pursuing poetry and being a published author. After Hughes left Columbia, he worked many odd jobs. He wrote "The Weary Blues" while working on a freighter. This poem won first place in a literary contest in 1925 held by The Opportunity. In 1926, while in college, he compiled many of his poems into a book named Fine Clothes to the Jew. Most African Americans did not like the poems in the book and thought it was trash. Hughes decided to expand his education and returned to college in 1925. He graduated from Lincoln University in 1929. Hughes published his first novel, Not without Laughter, in 1930. The book focuses on African American culture. In 1935, Hughes' play, Mulatto, was shown on Broadway and portrayed the relationship of a white father and his mulatto(mix of black and white) son. He wrote six more plays during the 1940's and founded three theater companies. Hughes created a fictional character by the name of Jesse B. Semple or "Simple" for short. This character first appeared in 1943 in the Chicago Defender. This was a way of showing the difficulties of being a black man in a racist country. They were eventually grouped into books. The first in 1950 called Simple Speaks His Mind. His countless poems, plays, and novels were greatly influenced by his many travels to places like France, Mexico, Spain, The Soviet Union, Korea, Japan, and Africa. I, Too
The Weary Blues
The Negro Speaks of Rivers
Let America Be America Again
Life is Fine
Mother to Son
The Negro Mother
In the Time of Silver Rain
In Time of Silver Rain
AND MANY MORE... "Langston Hughes - Poems, Biography, Quotes." Langston Hughes - Poems, Biography, Quotes. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2013. "Best Famous Langston Hughes Poems." Best Famous Langston Hughes Poems. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2013. "Dream Variations by Langston Hughes • 89 Poems by Langston HughesEdit." Dream Variations by Langston Hughes Classic Famous Poet. N.p., n.d. Web. 10 May 2013. During the 1950's and 1960's, Hughes wrote novels, short stories, children's stories, plays, and poems. He worked with Arna Bontemps to edit two anthologies about the culture of African Americans. They were the Poetry of the Negro in 1949 and The Book of Negro Folklore in 1958. Hillstrom, Kevin. The Harlem Renaissance. Detroit, MI: Omnigraphics, 2008. Print. Beckman, Wendy Hart. Artists and writers of the Harlem Renaissance. Berkeley Heights, NJ: Enslow Publishers, 2002. Print. On June 25, 1960 Hughes earned the highest award of the NAACP, the Springarn Medal. In 1962, Hughes started to write a weekly column in the New York Post, a WHITE newspaper. He was chosen to join the National Institute of Arts and Letters in April of 1961. He met Robert Frost here. Jericho-Jim Crow is produced in 1964 and it is about the civil-rights struggles. Rampersad, Arnold, and Roessel, David E. The collected poems of Langston Hughes. New York: Knopf :, 1994. Print. Language Arts Encyclopedia of world biography. 2nd ed. Detroit: Gale Research, 1998. Print. In 1953, Hughes was awarded the Anisfield-Wolf award for a book on improving race relations