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Ming & Qing Dynasties

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by

Steph Gorges

on 24 January 2014

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Transcript of Ming & Qing Dynasties

1368-1644 // 1644-1911
Ming & Qing Dynasties
Emperor Yongle
Commissions naval expeditions
Moved capital to Beijing
Builds Forbidden City
Encyclopedia


Ming Decline
Famines - ate tree bark
Peasant revolts
Emperor disconnected from people (eunuchs increased control)
Manchus attacked Forbidden City
Ethnic & Cultural Tensions
Manchus vs. Chinese
Social Hierarchy
Xia --> Shang --> Zhou --> WSP --> Qin --> Han --> 3 Kingdoms --> Sui --> Tang --> Song --> Yuan --> Ming --> Qing
Ming Dynasty
1268-1644
Emperor Hongwu:
Established Ming Dynasty after Mongol collapse
Eliminate all Mongol influences
Return to civil service system
Used eunuchs & mandarins
Brought economic recovery to China
Great Wall of China
1500+ miles long
Defensive wall w/ watch towers, signal towers & accommodations for troops

Keep out nomadic warriors from north (like Mongols)
Purpose of Great Wall:
Qing Dynasty
1644-1911
Manchus from NE China
Military skill + some Chinese
Rules:
No Chinese traveling to Manchuria
No learning Manchu language
No intermarriage
Adopt Manchu-style queue
Key Qing Leaders:
Emperor Nurachi:
Founded the Qing Dynasty by unifying Manchus into large army & attackingMing Dynasty
Army split into banners (units) based on ethnic social categories

Emperor Kangxi:
Confucian scholar - enlightened ruler
Conquered Taiwan (many Ming retreated here)

Qianlong:
Emperor at height of Qing (prosperous)
Composed poetry, art critic
Even stop tax collection 4x
Emperor
& Family
Scholar-Bureaucrat
Gentry
Peasants
Working Class/Artisans
Merchants
Military Forces / "Mean People"
Qing & Tang
Similarities
Qing & Tang
Differences:
Long lasting dynasties
Confucian studies & rule
Civil service exam & scholarly bureaucrats
Centralized government w/ bureaucracy
Focus on filial piety, patriarchal society
Ethnic Chinese vs. Manchu
*Foot binding became more popular
Full transcript