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Transcript of Frederic Chopin
By Heikki Huttunen and Lok To Lam
''Chopin be choppin''
~ Heikki Huttunen 2014
- Frédéric François Chopin was born on either
, 1810 to Justyna and Nicolas Chopin in Zelazowa Wola, Poland.
- He and his 3 sisters (Izabela, Ludwika and Emilia) grew up in the Duchy of Warsaw, a polish state established by napoleon.
- At a young age of 6, his parents already saw talent within him, and signed him up for lessons with a professional musician (Wojcheh Zywny), whom Chopin quickly surpassed.
The house of his adolescence
He is world renown for being a prodigious composer and virtuoso pianist, as well as being one of the best musicians of his era - the Romantic era.
And now, we will show you a small preview of two of Chopin's compositions, of which are;
1 - Nocturne Op 9. No. 2
2 - Waltz Op 69. No. 2
- He became a significant figure in music by the age of 20, although he already showed talent and prowess by age 4 and published his first composition at age 7, it was a polonaise.
- By age 21 he moved to Paris, where he was quickly recognized for his influential music.
By 1826, he had composed several piano pieces in different styles, and his parents enrolled him in the Warsaw Conservatory of Music, where he studied for three years under Polish composer Josef Elsne.
By 1829, he made his first performance debut in Vienna, the audience were quick to notice his musical aptitude. Over the next few years, Chopin performed in Poland, Germany, Austria and Paris, where he eventually settled in 1832.
While in Paris, Chopin found that his delicate style didn't always fascinate the larger concert audiences, as they had already heard the works of
His innovations in style, musical form, and harmony, and his association of music with nationalism, were influential throughout and after the late Romantic period.
By 1838 Chopin had become a famous figure in Paris. Among his closest friends were opera composer
, and painter
. He was also friends with fellow composers
By mid-age, his poor physical health restricted him from performing publicly. This also meant that he didn't have the strength nor the stamina to compete with other composers such as
- Due to his fame, he had an interesting love life as well. He was described to express a lot of love regardless of gender. He was also
sensitive and emotional, sometimes so much that rumours were being spread that he was homosexual, which was not the case.
- Even though he showed such love (even expressed through his music), he never really had any real relationships, leading people to think that he was asexual, which wasn't true either.
- He was caring towards anybody and everybody.
- Chopin was very close to his family, especially his sisters. He was devastated emotionally upon his sister, Emilia, died in 1827.
- He was also known to be very patriotic towards Poland.
- He never considered himself to be French, despite his father's French origins.
- Strong relationships and bonds were formed with his students.
- His first love was
, whom he never got to have a relationship with, since he missed his last chance to confess his true feelings to her when he left for Paris. He wrote many pieces about her or thinking of her (Concerto No.2 Second Movement).
- Another famous relationship was with
, a 17 year old polish girl. He got engaged with her when he was 25, and they were planning to get married. But then, the marriage was called off due to Chopin's illnesses as well as influences from
- He then went on for a long time without any relationships, until 1837, which was when the well-known relationship with
) began. Although they had a 10-year relationship, they were never married. This turned out to be his final relationship, before he later died in 1848.
He performed his final concerts in England, France and Scotland during 1848, all of which were done in poor health condition.
Incompatibility backed up by an argument with George Sand lead to their inevitable break-up. This became the start of
the end of Chopin.
He then returned to Paris, when he fell fatally ill to Tuberculosis, the same disease which took his
one of his sister's and his father's lives.
As Chopin felt his end was near, he had requested that
be sung at his funeral service at the Church of the Madeleine. He also requested that his heart be removed and brought in an urn to Warsaw, Poland.
He died on October 17, 1849, but couldn't be buried due to the church's denial of female singers for Requiem. But
eventually relented on October 30.
4000 attendants, along with many composers and friends were present among many others from cultural circles - but notably absent was George Sand.
Chopin's heart was dispatched in an urn to Warsaw, near his birth place. His body was buried in the Pere Lachaise cemetery in Paris, France.
Even presently, Chopin is still a very well known figure in history, with over 200 compositions known today (some were lost). He is considered as one of the great pianists of the Romantic era.
(1810 - 1849)
Died by age 39
Frédéric François Chopin
- Chopin is unique amongst the great composers in
that all of his music features the piano.
- His major works include sonatas, waltzes, mazurkas, polonaises, preludes, nocturnes and scherzos.
- Unlike many of his contemporaries he wrote no overtures or symphonies, ballets or operas.