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ITB Library study guide: spelling

A study guide to help you improve your spelling
by

ITB Library

on 8 September 2011

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Transcript of ITB Library study guide: spelling

Need some help
with your spelling? When we write an essay or an exam,
poor spelling makes a very bad impression.



Here are some of the more common
mistakes that people make.... Adding an ending:

-ible vs. -able If the root of a word is not a complete word:

add -ible


.......... visible

.......... horrible

.......... edible If the root of a word is a complete word:

add -able


.......... fashionable

.......... suitable

.......... comfortable If the root of a word is a complete word that ends with an 'e':

drop the 'e' and add -able



.......... valuable

.......... advisable These words sound similar
but they have different meanings: Accept:
means to receive
Jane accepted the gift from her friends.


Except:
means everything but
We ate all the oranges, except two. Affect:
means to impinge on
The weather affected the game.


Effect:
means the result of
Cramp is the effect of over-exertion. Advise:
is the act of recommending.
I advise you to arrive early.


Advice:
is the recommendation.
The doctor's advice is to exercise. Its:
is the possessive form of the noun.
This is my car; its hood is white.


It's:
is a contraction of 'it is'.
It's a rainy day outside. There:
means in that place.
My car is parked over there.

Their:
is the possessive form of the noun.
Here are my brothers; their eyes are blue.

They're:
is a contraction of 'they are'.
They're in good humour. Adding an ending:
words that end with 'e' If the ending starts with a vowel (e.g. -ing, -ism)
drop the final 'e'


.......... Advancing
.......... Elitism If the ending starts with a consonant (e.g. -ness, -ment)
keep the final 'e'

.......... Advancement
.......... Likeness English versus American spelling In Ireland, the accepted
spelling format is
the English format


You should not use the
America spelling format unless
you are making a direct quotation Plurals For the vast majority of words
add -s

.......... Paper .......... Papers
.......... Pencil .......... Pencils For words ending in hissing sounds
(-s, -z, -x, -ch, -sh)
add -es

.......... Box .......... Boxes
.......... Church .......... Churches For words ending in a vowel plus y
(-ay, -ey, -iy, -oy, uy), add -s


.......... Trays .......... Trays
.......... Key .......... Keys For words ending in a consonant plus y
change the y to i and add -es


.......... Enemy .......... Enemies
.......... Baby .......... Babies Source: The Blue Book http://www.grammarbook.com/homonyms/confusing-words-1.asp ITB Library ENGLISH AMERICAN Centre
Cheque
Colour
Criticise
Grey
Licence
Realise Center
Check
Color
Criticize
Gray
License
Realize ITB Library http://blanchlib.itb.ie
Full transcript