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Libby Carter

on 26 November 2017

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Transcript of Legacy

Learning Outcomes:
1. To understand the complexity behind defining legacy
2. To identify examples of legacy both positive and negative
To understand how legacy is measured within the literature

Activity 1
With the person next to you

What do you think legacy is?
How would you define event legacy?
Definition of Legacy
“Tangible and intangible elements of large-scale events left to future generations of a host country where these elements influence the economic, physical and psychological well-being at both community and individual levels in the long term” (Li and McCabe 2013)
Examples - Positive Legacy
Increase in tourism

Sporting infrastructure
Transport improvements
Local residential improvements
Civic pride

Job opportunities
Volunteering opportunities
Urban development
Increase in sport participation
Awareness of culture
Economic development
Promotion of host city/country

International cooperation
Negative Legacy
“a legacy may, in fact be either positive or negative depending on the point of view or on (subjective) personal opinion” (Chappelet 2012:81).
Activity 2
Watch this video on the Legacy of London 2012 and identify as many examples of legacy as you can
Event Legacy

10 minutes
Irrespective of the time of production and space, legacy is all planned and unplanned, positive and negative, tangible and intangible structures created for and by a sport event that remain longer than the event itself
(Preuss 2007)
The material and non-material effects produced directly or indirectly by the sport event, whether planned or not, that durably transform the host region in an objectively and subjectively positive or negative way.
(Chappelet and Junod 2006)
Activity 3
With the person sitting next to you...
What other examples of negative legacy can you think of?
5 minutes
Examples of legacy (negative)
price inflation
increased tax burdens
mismanagement of public funds
housing issues
traffic congestion
increased crime
environmental damage
Political agenda
white elephants

host community resentment
Measuring Legacy
The measurement of a legacy should start with the changes events create. (Gratton and Preuss 2008)
Based on the definition "Legacy is
structures created through a sport event that remain after the event" (Preuss 2010)
The Legacy Cube
Measuring Legacy
- Triple Bottom Line
The triple bottom line (Economic, Social and Environmental), are readily used in order to assess the impacts of mega event legacy
First suggested by John Elkington in 1997, advocates that the bottom line of performance should no longer be centred around economic outcomes and social and environmental facts should be included
To conclude:
You should:
be able to define event legacy
Understand and give examples of both positive and negative legacy
Understand how to measure legacy using the cube or the TBL
Any Questions?
Social Legacy:
Cultivating sense of citizenship
Increased enthusiasm
Building Social Capital
Social transformation
Increasing pride
Environmental Legacy:

Community Spaces
Improved public transport
Increase in environmental awareness
Improvements to host destination
Economic Legacy:

Return on Investment
Increase in tourism
Business investments
Full transcript