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Pantomime

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by

Casey Long

on 4 December 2013

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Transcript of Pantomime

A brief history
Pantomime
Pantomime

Pantomime come from the Latin word pantomimes, meaning ‘all gestures used in support of a theme.’
Pantomime: the extended use of mime techniques in telling a story.
Pantomime uses precise mime techniques to tell a simple and chronological story line.
The Greek “
Pantomimus
" was a
highly regarded form of solo dancing
often accompanied by music which
encompassed both comedy
and tragedy.

It's popularity was also widespread
amongst the Romans until the Church
forbade its public display.
Origins
1778-1837
One of the best known English pantomimes, Joseph Grimaldi.
Grimaldi set each story to certain fixed characters.
Grimaldi is best known for his development of the modern day, white faced clown.
Joseph Grimaldi
Tableau
: living picture posed by players.
Cross:
to move from one side to another.
Gesture:
movement of any part of body to express an idea.
Pantomime Vocabulary
Mime
Mime
come from the Greek word mimesis, meaning ‘to imitate an activity.’

Mime
is the silent art of using body movements to create an illusion of reality.
Mime is a complex performance, based on theme, illusion and plot. Mime requires intense study, discipline and body training.
18th Century
By the 18th Century, a popular alternative to the royal ballet was a danced form of
Comedia dell'arte
which was known as a pantomime.
Throughout Europe dance companies performed these musically rich pantomimes which tended towards multiple set and costume changes.
In Paris, such pantomime shows were limited to the fairground theaters and were exclusively without spoken text due to fears of financial competition to the normal theater.
19th Century
Still seen as an oppositional form of entertainment, to the royal ballet Pantomimes were limited to theatres where such ballets were not presented.
The English pantomimes were based on these dancing pantomimes and closely related to the circus world.
One of the best known English pantomimes
Joseph Grimaldi
was a well known founder of early clowning.
20th Century
Mime and Pantomime became increasingly popular in the early 20th century with the invention of the silent film.
Silent Screen artists such as
Charlie Chaplin
and Buster Keaton used pantomime in their silent films.
French Mime and Clown,
Marcel Marceau
, helped brought true miming to the masses in the mid to late 20th century.
Charlie Chaplin
1889 –1977
A popular English comedic actor, best known for his work in the United States during the silent flim era.
Chaplin used mime, slapstick and other visual comedy routines.
Marcel Marceau
1923 –2007
A world-renowned French Mime Artist.
Marcel joined the French Resistance during WWII and saved numerous children by using miming as a way of keeping children quiet as they were escaping to neutral Switzerland.
Marceau performed all over the world in order to spread the "art of silence" (L'art du silence).
21st Century
The influence of pantomime can often be seen today in street performances or breakdancing.
The "classical pantomime" seems at present to have lost much of its popularity and many contemporary pantomimes struggle to find the opportunity to present their art in a pure form.
Basic Qualities of Pantomime
Consistency-
objects that are mimed must remain the same size
Exaggerated resistance
- actor must make the action more definite, sharper and bigger
Exaggerated expression and gesture
- facial expressions and movements need to be bigger than in real life
Keep it simple
- storyline must be simple if the audience is to understand
Tell a story
- make sure story has a beginning, middle and end
.
Shadow Pantomime
Pantomime Duet
"First Date"
Marcel Marceau
"The Mask Maker"
Charlie Chaplin
"The Lion Tamer"
Wednesday, October 23
Journal: Pantomime
What is pantomime? If you have no idea, break apart the word? What is mime? Why do you think this might be an important tool in theatre?

Please write 3-4 complete sentences using all writing norms. Please write the date and title.
Thursday, October 24
Journal: Pantomime
Do you think pantomime is difficult? Why or why not? Can you think of an instance when you've had to use pantomime to explain or demonstrate something? Please explain!

Please write 3-4 complete sentences using all writing norms. Please write the date and title.
Pantomime Dinner Scene
"Hook"
Friday, October 25
Journal: Halloween
What is your favorite or most creative Halloween costume that you have worn? Explain what you wore and why it was awesome. If you don't have one, tell me what you would like to do!
Please write 3-4 complete sentences. :)
Monday, October 28
Journal: Pantomime
If you had the chance to create your own pantomime, what would the scene be about? Conflict can help make a scene humorous- what would the conflict be?
Please write 3-4 complete sentences using all writing norms!
Tuesday, October 29
Write down your 2-3 ideas for pantomime in your journal. I will come around and help you choose one for your project!
Wednesday, October 30: Pantomime Journal
Humor is an important part of pantomime because it is entertaining or can make your piece more interesting. What can I do in my pantomime to add humor? List and explain the instances or steps that could be funny.
Please write 3-4 complete sentences! :)
Happy Halloween!
Have the title of your music ready to show me. If you did not finish
your steps yesterday, have those out to show me as I come around!
Pantomime Journal: November 1
Which pantomime technique do you need to work on in your performance? What can you do to make it more accurate? Please explain in 3-4 complete sentences.

Consistency-
objects that are mimed must remain the same size
Exaggerated resistance
- actor must make the action more definite, sharper and bigger
Exaggerated expression and gesture
- facial expressions and movements need to be bigger than in real life
Keep it simple
- storyline must be simple if the audience is to understand
Tell a story
- make sure story has a beginning, middle and end
.
Why is this video considered pantomime? How is it like pantomime and how is it different from traditional pantomime? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not? Please write 4-5 complete sentences!
Shadow Pantomime
Shadow Pantomime
FRIDAY!! November 8 Journal
What is a stereotype? Where have you heard that word before? Explain in your own words.
Please write 2-3 complete sentences.
Full transcript