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Ch. 1 Human Origins in Africa

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Johanna French

on 9 August 2016

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Transcript of Ch. 1 Human Origins in Africa

Human Origins in Africa
Look at Page 2-3 timeline
-Earliest humans originated in Africa and began to use tools to survive
-Early modern humans launched a revolution using, stone, wood, and bone to fashion tools
-Early modern humans in Paleolithic Age expressed themselves through creation of jewelry, sculpture and cave paintings
-shift from hunting to agriculture led to rise of civilizations

Look at page 4
What technology (tools and inventions) have changed people lives in the past 100 years? 10 years?

What did early humans need to survive?

What physical actions would these tools help humans do?


Fossil evidence shows that earliest humans originated in Africa and spread across the world
Prehistory (5000 years ago)-
no writing, how do scientists discover clues?

Bones- physical characteristics
Artifacts- human made objects- tools or jewelery
culture- way of life, recreate a picture
fossils- small fragments in rocks
DNA testing
CULTURE
Bands of humans that lived near one another began to develop shared ways of doing things... dress, similar hunting, favorite animals to eat

Components of Culture
Common practices
Shared Understandings
Social Organization
1978- Mary Leakey in Laetoli, Tanzania finds footprints




1974- Discovery of "Lucy" Donald Johanson

why are these discoveries so famous?

species of australopithecines- hominids
Locate the places where human
migration began... pg. 3


How would such geographic features help human thrive?

As people moved North, how might they have altered their
environment to survive?
discuss timeline
page. 2
Q. Today, what is culture? examples...
how does culture spread primarily?

OLD STONE AGE- PALEOLITHIC
2.5 million to 8000 BC




NEW STONE AGE- NEOLITHIC
8000-3000 BC

LOOK AT PAGE. 8-9
FIRE, LANGUAGE, TOOLS
ICE AGE..
HOMO HABILIS- man of skill 2.5 million years ago
HOMO ERECTUS- special tools
1.6 million years ago (fire, scraping skins, language?)
HOMO SAPIENS- modern humans "wise men"
NEANDERTHALS-200,000 years ago-extinct 30,000 years ago
CRO-MAGNONS-modern people
40,000 years ago
TIMELINE-P.8
MIGRATION-P.9
CAVE PAINTING
PG 13
Pre-history- 2500 BC
4.4 billion
40,000- Cro-magnons
240 million-
How does it form?
POLISH TOOLS,POTTERY, CROPS, DOMESTICATE ANIMALS
Man of skill
technology, fire, hunts
tools for special purpose
neanderthal ancestors?
religious beliefs? survived the ice age
but disappeared 30,000 years ago
Cro-Magnons- worked together, cooperation
find food, superior hunters
language?
http://www.ted.com/talks/louise_leakey_digs_for_humanity_s_origins/transcript#t-569175
http://biologos.org/blog/on-what-it-means-to-be-an-image-bearer
What advantages are their to walking upright?
Full transcript