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Ch. 1 Human Origins in Africa
Transcript of Ch. 1 Human Origins in Africa
Look at Page 2-3 timeline
-Earliest humans originated in Africa and began to use tools to survive
-Early modern humans launched a revolution using, stone, wood, and bone to fashion tools
-Early modern humans in Paleolithic Age expressed themselves through creation of jewelry, sculpture and cave paintings
-shift from hunting to agriculture led to rise of civilizations
Look at page 4
What technology (tools and inventions) have changed people lives in the past 100 years? 10 years?
What did early humans need to survive?
What physical actions would these tools help humans do?
Fossil evidence shows that earliest humans originated in Africa and spread across the world
Prehistory (5000 years ago)-
no writing, how do scientists discover clues?
Bones- physical characteristics
Artifacts- human made objects- tools or jewelery
culture- way of life, recreate a picture
fossils- small fragments in rocks
Bands of humans that lived near one another began to develop shared ways of doing things... dress, similar hunting, favorite animals to eat
Components of Culture
1978- Mary Leakey in Laetoli, Tanzania finds footprints
1974- Discovery of "Lucy" Donald Johanson
why are these discoveries so famous?
species of australopithecines- hominids
Locate the places where human
migration began... pg. 3
How would such geographic features help human thrive?
As people moved North, how might they have altered their
environment to survive?
Q. Today, what is culture? examples...
how does culture spread primarily?
OLD STONE AGE- PALEOLITHIC
2.5 million to 8000 BC
NEW STONE AGE- NEOLITHIC
LOOK AT PAGE. 8-9
FIRE, LANGUAGE, TOOLS
HOMO HABILIS- man of skill 2.5 million years ago
HOMO ERECTUS- special tools
1.6 million years ago (fire, scraping skins, language?)
HOMO SAPIENS- modern humans "wise men"
NEANDERTHALS-200,000 years ago-extinct 30,000 years ago
40,000 years ago
Pre-history- 2500 BC
How does it form?
POLISH TOOLS,POTTERY, CROPS, DOMESTICATE ANIMALS
Man of skill
technology, fire, hunts
tools for special purpose
religious beliefs? survived the ice age
but disappeared 30,000 years ago
Cro-Magnons- worked together, cooperation
find food, superior hunters
What advantages are their to walking upright?