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East and Southern Africa Climate Facts

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Christopher Neglia

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of East and Southern Africa Climate Facts

Biodiversity loss
Average temperature rise between 2.5-4% would lead to an irrevocable loss of South Africa's rich natural heritage, with 24-59% of mammals, 28-40% of birds, 13-70% of butterflies, 18-80% of other invertebrates, and 21-45% of reptiles committed to extinction (IPCC, 2007)
Water scarcity
Large areas of east and south Africa face economic water scarcity. Economic water scarcity means that the scarcity is caused by deficient infrastructure to utilize the available water resources to meet the local water demand.

Changing rainfall patterns
Rainfall in southern Africa is likely to decrease affecting the north of South Africa, east of Botswana, south of Zimbabwe and south of Mozambique. At the same time it's predicted that there will be an increase in annual mean rainfall in some parts of East Africa. (IPCC 2013)
East and Southern Africa Climate Facts
Forest coverage in East and South Arica has decreased by 368,000,000 ha in the period 1990-2010. This is a loss of 9.1% of the area within a period of 20 years. (FAO, 2010)
Many of the major killers such as diarrhoeal diseases, malnutrition, malaria and dengue are highly climate-sensitive and are expected to worsen as the climate changes.
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