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Transcript of Fidel Castro
Rise of dictators Before Castro
Public health, education, and public administration offered better services. Rural services were built. Schools were opened under army control. The minimum salary of public and private officers increased. Governmental forces got better treatment in exchange of their loyalty to the president. Fidel Castro:
*He was born as Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz
*He was born on August 13, 1929
*He used guerilla warfare to successfully overthrow Cuban leader Batista in 1959
*He was later sworn in as the prime minister of Cuba later that year.
*He served as prime minister until 1976, when he became president of Cuba. Political Platform *He was a Marxist/Leninist
Marxist: everything is based on the economy and its development.
*He was a nationalist and socialist How he maintained power:
Castro used his popularity and the importance he put on education and the arts to maintain public opinion and therefore maintain power. *Education was regarded as the key to the future
*created Teacher-training institutes
* number of schools quintupled
*teachers flocked to most remote corners to teach
*illiteracy virtually disappeared within a few years
*1971- 1/4 of the countries 8 million inhabitants were in school
*free education from nursery school through university
*Cuba began to publish ridiculous numbers of books
*reading became national pastime.
*Cuba has highest per capital book production in Latin America and *highest literacy rate in the hemisphere. Health care became a revolutionary priority
hospitals built in remote cities and doctors travel throughout countryside
all medical services were free
by 65 Cuba spent 10 times as much as Mexico and nearly 30 times as much as Ecuador on healthcare per capital
health of nation improved dramatically and life expectancy lengthened
medical care system became envy of the hemisphere
Public housing became an interest for the gov.
real estate market had been one of the prime areas of investment, speculation, and corruption
new laws gave everyone housing
no family needed to pay more than 10% of its income for rent Batista, leader prior to Castro Fidel Castro and one of his quotes He killed anyone who did not like him by firing squads. There was no discrimination to who got executed. More than 4,000 were killed by Fidel Castro's firing squads. Many others lost their lives fighting for and against him. Some drowned trying to leave Cuba.
His latest update on Dec. 31 2007 showed 4,074 people were killed by Castro's firing squads and 1,334 were the victims of extrajudicial killings. Another 16,282 died in combat, fighting both for and against Castro, both in Cuba and in places abroad like Angola.
In 1948, Castro married Mirta Diaz Balart, who was from a wealthy family in Cuba. They had one child, Fidelito. The marriage exposed Castro to a wealthier lifestyle and political connections. http://www.biography.com/people/fidel-castro-9241487/videos/fidel-castro-mini-biography-2079117496 Other...