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Life styles of the Rich and Famous

1920's Gasby

Blair Davenport

on 18 December 2012

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Transcript of Life styles of the Rich and Famous

Life Styles of the Rich and Famous in the 1920's By: Blair, Jordan, Quinn, and Rachael Fashion/Art Coco Chanel Fashion Icon Born: August 19, 1883Died: January 10, 1971 -Her fashion started when she was 20 when she opened her first hat business -Her first taste of clothing success was when she fashioned a dress out of an old jersey. She once said “My fortune is built on that old jersey that I’d put on because it was cold in Deauville". -In the 1920's she launched her first perfume called Chanel No. 5 -In 1925, she introduced the now legendary Chanel suit with collarless jacket and well-fitted skirt. Her designs were revolutionary for the time—borrowing elements of men’s wear and emphasizing comfort over the constraints of then-popular fashions. She helped women say good-bye to the days of corsets and other confining garments. -Another fashion revolution Chanel created in the 1920's is the little black dress. She took a color used for mourning and showed how chic it would be for evening wear. C. Coles Phillips Born: 1880Died: 1927 Artist -Started drawing in NYC for Life Magazine -His drawings portrayed a girl that became known as "Phillips Girl". She showed for skin, but still had a wholesome look to her -He was said to be the most effective at moving his drawings from the "Edwardian Age" to the "Roaring Twenties" Josephine Baker Entertainer/Dancer Birth: June 3, 1906 Died: April 12, 1975 -Baker came from a broken family and was judged by the color of her skin -She moved to Paris in the 20's and with her partner Joe Alex captivated the audience with the Danse Sauvage at La Revue Nègre -When La Revue Nègre closed, Josephine starred in La Folie du Jour at the Follies-Bergère Theater -By 1927 she was earning more money than any entertainer in Europe Entertainers/Movie Stars Economic Extravagance A prospering time of innovation and creativity, in conjunction with infrastructure and a large skilled labor force from the war, the 1920s became a time of vivid and vibrant business. New industry practices of refining and streamlining manufacturing lead to greater efficiency, allowing for greater profits to be made by companies. As profits grew, so did wages correspondingly, especially the for owners of companies who began to reward themselves with bonuses. Companies began to grow, and new investors began to find their way into the upper tiers of the socioeconomic ladder. For many, this success was built upon credit. The introduction and widespread use of credit allowed for vast sums of money to be circulated through the economy, stimulating economic growth by allowing corporations to sell more product and giving opportunity to start-ups and expanding companies. Because of this development of high economic circulation, the growth of the upper class began, and they instigated a culture of high flung extravagance and grandiose consumption of product and technology. Living and Decorating -Most of the rich lived in apartments on Park Avenue.-They usually filled these apartments with antiques or expensive paintings and furniture.-In Gatsby Myrtle and Tom's apartment is overcrowded with this expensive furniture and they have an oversized picture on their wall. This could easily show how the rich were wasteful with their money and bought more than they needed along with showing the readers what Myrtle truly wants, to be wealthy and well known. Credit and Growth of the Rich Credit was first introduced to society in the 1920's and it led to many becoming millionaires. They bought things they usually could not afford thinking they would get their money back off of stocks and businesses they invested in. The growth in numbers of millionaires is shown in Tax Reports carried out by the Treasury. In 1921 there was at least 21 people with an income of more than 1 million. In 1924 there was 75 and by 1927 there was about 15,000 and at least 1 billionaire, most of whom lived in the NY area. Spending and Waste Automobiles -Many movie stars and other wealthy people spent their money on foreign and American cars such as the Mercedes, Hispano-Suiza, Cadillac, and the Packard. -Many of the wealthy had chauffeurs to drive for them. -Both Tom and Gatsby have expensive cars for their time. Gatsby's car is yellow which reflects his fascination with money and living a lavish lifestyle. It's also very showy just like Gatsby himself. The car and the personality of Gatsby represented in it ultimately causes Gatsby's death and downfall. Xenophobia in the 1920's Xenophobia was common in the 1920's most everyone in America was afraid of foreigners and was against sharing their rights with African Americans, Roman Catholics, and immigrants. Tom shows some of this when he talks about the book 'The Rise of the Coloured Empires' by Goddard. This book seems to be about African Americans, who Tom sees as outsiders, ruling over the whites. Bibliography -BoomandBustintheU.S.andWorldEconomies. N.P. n.d. Web. 12 Dec. 2012. <http://www.1920-30.com/business>.

-"Buster Keaton Biography." bio. N.p. Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/buster-keaton-9361442>.

-. "C. Cole Phillips ." Illustrators. N.p.. Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.bpib.com/illustrat/phillips.htm>.

-"Charlie Chaplin Biography." bio. N.p. Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/charlie-chaplin-9244327?page=2>.

- "Coco Chanel Biography." bio. N.p. Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/coco-chanel-9244165>.

-"Elsa Schiaparelli." Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation Inc., 12 2012. Web. 17 Dec 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elsa_Schiaparelli>.

- Fitzgerald, Scott F. The Great Gatsby. New York: New York, 1953. Print. Charlie Chaplin Movie Star Born: April 16, 1889
Died: December 25, 1977 -He was born in London and had a rags-to-riches story -Film career started in 1914 with the film Making A Living

-Over the next year Chaplin performed in over 35 movies

-In the 20's Chaplin starred in many films, including The Kid (1921), The Pilgrim (1923), A Woman in Paris (1923), The Gold Rush (1925), a movie Chaplin would later say he wanted to be remembered by, and The Circus (1928) Buster Keaton Film Maker/Actor, Comedian Born: October 4, 1895
Died: February 1, 1966 -His first film was in 1917 called "The Butcher Boy"

-In 1920 Keaton struck out on his own as a filmmaker, first with a series of two-reelers that included now classics such as The Cameraman, Steamboat Bill, Jr., and The Passionate Plumber -In 1923 Keaton started making full features such as The Three Ages (1923),Sherlock, Jr. (1924), The General (1927). Greta Garbo Actress/Flapper Born: September 18, 1905
Died: April 15, 1990 -Garbo started working at a Swedish department store where she would help model the men's clothing lines. Her natural instincts in front of the camera soon led her to a role in her first film, a comedy called Peter the Tramp (1922).

-After being the star in a few movies in Europe, Garbo met MGM's production chief, Louis B. Mayer. He wanted the young star to come to America and star in his movies, so she did.

-In 1926 Garbo's first American filmed premiered called The Torrent.

-Garbo also starred in The Temptress (1926) and Flesh and the Devil (1926). Writers/Inventors Emergence of the Rich and Famous With the booming economy brought about after the first world war, many people found ways to quickly climb the ladder to success and affluence. The Rich For the rich, the success was primarily built around the presence of investors or the ability to invest on credit and new technology that grew powerful companies overnight. Labor saving and entertainment household appliances, such as electric irons and radios, had huge potential for profit due to the overall increase in wages, expanding the demographic for which these products could be sold. Other success was built upon finance industries: banking, insurance, stock brokering, etc. Organized crime became a major force during this time with the establishment of prohibition which, rather the curve societies tendency to drink themselves too a drunken stupor, gave enterprising individuals the opportunity to fecund markets through the illicit trade. Suspicions are even raised of Gatsby by his party goers, many of whom have never even met the man, who believe that the extravagant host is involved with some illegal trade (and all likely is, due to his association with Wolfsheim). The Famous With new technologies and media such as radio and cinema, celebrities and the affluence of high society were closer than ever before. The introduction of media technologies transformed celebrities and brought them further into the public light, eliminating the barrier of text and in place creating a visual and auditory connection with the audience. This connection established a link for celebrities to attain a reputation that gave them access to the complex social networks of those rich or in politics, and, during this time, the importance for celebrity endorsement in campaigning arises. Further, economic success and the popularity of the new media allowed for celebrities access to well paid careers that gave them another access in which to assert their influence in the high ranking section of society. Within the novel, the presence of celebrities, such as Jordan Baker, is evident in their attendance of Gatsby's parties, who are mixed among other influential members of society. Travel Travel became one of the favorite pastimes for those who could afford it in the 1920s. From luxury cruises to even the emergence of air travel, (zeppelins were popular until the destruction of the Hindenburg) the 1920s was a time for which those without any obligations and with a healthy bank account could see the world. Travel across the Atlantic Ocean became common for many, from businessmen making propositions to further their corporate success, to entertainers on tour. Even the travel across smaller distances became more common with the emergence and popularity of the automobile. This emphasis upon travel become evident in Gatsby with the veritable mass migrations of automobiles to Gatsby's manor. Even after Gatsby's death, patrons without memo that the party ended still drift from the corners of the planet. Daisy and Tom are also characterized by their time spent in France and their tendency to drift wherever the rich played polo together. Jean Patou Born: August 19, 1880 Died: March 8 1936

- Jean began by opening a small dressmaking salon called "Maison Parry" but it was soon interrupted by World War I.

-He reopened the store in 1919 and became known for the 'flapper' look by lengthening the skirt and designing sportswear for women.

-Jean was considered the inverter of knitted swimwear, the tennis skirt, and the mens designer tie. Elsa Schiaparelli Born: September 10, 1890 Died: November 13, 1973 -Elsa was an Italian designer. Her greatest rival was Coco Channel.

-Elsa worked and collaborated with many contemporary artist. She did this in order to develop her imaginative designs.

-She launched a line of knitwear using a special double layered stitch.

-Most of Elsa's creations had some kind of art and image displayed on the clothing. F. Scott Fitzgerald Writer Born:September 24, 1896
Died: December 21, 1940 -His first novel, This Side of Paradise, almost overnight turned Fitzgerald, at the age of 24, into one of the country's most promising young writers

-Beginning in 1920 and continuing throughout the rest of his career, Fitzgerald supported himself financially by writing great numbers of short stories for popular publications such as The Saturday Evening Post and Esquire

-In 1924, Fitzgerald moved to France where he created his greatest novel, The Great Gatsby. The book was published in 1925

-After The Great Gatsby, Fitzgerald started to unravel. He became an alcoholic and suffered from writers block. Inventors/Inventions 1920:
The tommy gun patented by John T Thompson.
The Band-Aid (pronounced 'ban-'dade) invented by Earle Dickson.

Artificial life begins -- the first robot built.
John Larson invented the lie detector.

Insulin invented by Sir Frederick Grant Banting.
The first 3-D movie (spectacles with one red and one green lens) is released.

Garrett A. Morgan invents a traffic signal.
The television or iconoscope (cathode-ray tube) invented by Vladimir Kosma Zworykin.
John Harwood invented the self-winding watch.
Clarence Birdseye invents frozen food.

The dynamic loudspeaker invented by Rice and Kellogg.
Notebooks with spiral bindings invented.

John Logie Baird- the mechanical television a precursor to the modern television 1926
Robert H. Goddard- liquid-fueled rockets.

Eduard Haas III-PEZ candy.
JWA Morrison-the first quartz crystal watch.
Philo Taylor Farnsworth- complete electronic TV system.
Technicolor invented.
Erik Rotheim- an aerosol can.
Warren Marrison- the first quartz clock.
Philip Drinker- the iron lung.

Scottish biologist Alexander Fleming discovers penicillin.
Walter E. Diemer- Bubble gum
Jacob Schick- the electric shaver.

Paul Galvin- the car radio.
Yo-Yo re-invented as an American fad.

-"Greta Garbo Biography." bio. N.p. Web. 15 Dec 2012. <http://www.biography.com/people/greta-garbo-9306210>.

-"Jean Patou." Wikipedia. Wikipedia Foundation Inc, 15 2012. Web. 17 Dec 2012. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jean_Patou>.

- RobertRedford'sGreatGatsbyCarSellsfor$283,000. RadarOnline. BuzzMedia, 05 Nov. 2012. Web. 15 Dec. 2012. <http://www.radaronline.com/category/tags/rolls-royce>.

-. "The Roaring Twenties." N.p. Web. 17 Dec 2012. <http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/twentieth_3.htm>.

-ToWhatExtentWasAmericaXenophobicInThe1920's? SocialStudiesHelp. N.p. n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2012. <http://www.socialstudieshelp.com/Lesson_56_Notes.htm>.

- 1920'sAutomobilesandRoadTransportation. N.p. n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2012. <http://www.1920-30.com/automobiles/>. Bibliography Cont.
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