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Music Education

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Charlotte Oliva

on 7 October 2014

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Transcript of Music Education

George Frideric Handel
Charlotte Oliva
Early Life
George Frideric Handel (February 23, 1685-April 14, 1759) was a German Baroque composer famous for his operas, oratorios, anthems and organ concertos. He lived in many different places throughout his life and was very cosmopolitan. He was strongly influenced by the Italian Baroque and the polyphonic-choral tradition.
Handel was born in Halle, Duchy of Madgeburg
He was the only musical one in his family, and his father wanted him to go into Civil Law, so much so that he banned him from playing any musical instruments.
He smuggled a clavichord into his house and would practice when his family was asleep. This is how he became skilled at harpsichord and pipe organ.
At one point he was placed on a pipe organ stool and began playing in front of his father, and that helped to convince him to allow Handel to learn music.
In 1734, he opened his third opera company, called Opera at Covent Garden.
In 1735 he was the first to use organ concertos between acts of operas.
Later in his life, he began focusing more on writing oratorios than operas.
His Messiah was first performed in April of 1742 as a benefit for a hospital in Dublin.
In 1750, he was part of a carriage accident and suffered injury enough to prevent him from doing much more until he died 9 years later.
1702-1710
Handel began studying Civil Law at The University of Halle in 1702.
He left in 1703 to accept a position as violinist and harpsichordist in the orchestra of the Hamburg Oper am Gänsemarkt.
His first two operas, Almira and Nero, were produced in 1705.
In 1706, he moved to Italy to pursue his passion for opera.
In 1707, he wrote his famous Dixit Dominus
His other two operas, Daphne and Florindo were produced in 1708.
1710-1734
Messiah
1734-1759
In 1710, he became Kapellmiester to German Prince George, who became King of Great Britain and Ireland in 1714, so he moved to England then.
In 1717 Handel became house composer at Cannons in Middlesex, where he composed the twelve Chandos Anthems, which have been said to have changed choral compositions forever.
In 1719 he opened his own opera company called the Royal Academy of Music.
In 1727 Handel was commissioned to write four anthems for the Coronation ceremony of King George II.
Since then, his piece "Zadok the Priest" has been played at every British Coronation Ceremony since.
In 1729, he became joint manager of the Queen's Theater, where more than 25 of his operas premiered.
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