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MEDIUMS OF THE VISUAL ARTS

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Jen Masaganda

on 17 August 2014

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Transcript of MEDIUMS OF THE VISUAL ARTS

MEDIUMS OF THE VISUAL ARTS
Medium
- refers to the materials which are used by an artist
Painting
- The art of creating meaningful effects on a flat surface by the use of pigments.
Some Famous Filipino Painters
Painting
- It is the means by which he communicates his idea.
- Painters uses pigments on woods or canvas.
- Medium is very essential to art.
OIL
- the pigments are mixed in oil
TEMPERA
- a mixture of ground pigments and an albuminous or colloidal vehicle, either egg, gum or glue, used by Egyptian, Medieval and Renaissance painters.
WATERCOLOR
- pigments are mixed with water and applied to fine, white paper
PASTEL
- the pigment is bound so as to form a crayon which is applied directly to the surface, usually paper
ACRYLIC
- newest medium and one that is used widely by painter today
FRESCO
- most popular type of painting
2 Methods of Painting in Oil:
1.
Direct Method
- the paints are opaque & are applied to the surface
2.
Indirect Method
- the paint is applied in many thin layers of transparent color
"Maria Makiling," 1980 by Carlos "Botong" Francisco
"Red Talisman," 1975 by Jose Joya, Oil
"Parisian Life" oil painting by Juan Luna
♥♥~ Disadvantages
- The oil paint dries slowly and has a tendency to rise to the surface and form a film over the picture making it appear dull.
*Special characteristic: being a emulsion
*Advantages: rapid drying & great luminosity of tone
3 Principal Dimensions:
- unvarnished or gouache-like tempera
- varnished tempera
- tempera as an under painting for oil
"Resurrection with Two Angels" by Bernardino Fungai Tempera on Wood Siena, 1460-1616
"Majesty" Segna di Bonaventura Tempera on Panel Siena,1298-1326
- require a high degree of technical dexterity
"gouache" - opaque watercolor
- possesses only surfaces of light, gives no glazed effect and most closely resembles dry pigment
- It is not a very popular medium because no one has yet discovered the way to preserve its original freshness.
- The chalk tends to rub off and the picture loses some of its brilliance.
- The colors are mixed with water and applied to fresh plaster which absorbs the color.
-Italian,
"fresco" means fresh and is used to designate the process of painting in fresh wet plaster.
2 Disadvantages:
~ it is almost impossible to move a freso
~ the painting is subject to the disasters that may be happen to the wall of which it has become a part
- synthetic paints using acrylic emulsion as binder
- combine the transparency & quick-drying qualities of watercolor and are flexible as oil
- completely insoluble when dry & can be used almost on any surface
- do not tend to crack, and trun yellow with age
Fernando Amorsolo
He was a portraitist & a painter of rural Philippine landscapes.
Damian Domingo
Painter of miniature portraits and religious images.

Fabian dela Rosa
He was noted for being an outstanding painter of women's portrait.
He was also best remembered for painting landscapes & everyday scenes with women.
Carlos "Botong" Francisco
He single-handedly brought back the art of mural painting in the Philippines.
He was best known for his historical epics.
Mauro Malang Santos
A comic strip illustrator

His paintings have been said to celebrate the Philippine landscapes, its people & traditions in happy fiesta colors.
Jose Joya
He was a Filipino abstract painter.

His canvases were characterized by " dynamic spontaneity" & "quick gestures" of action painting.

His works were influenced by the tropical landscapes of the Philippine Islands.
Ang Kiukok
He fused influences from cubism, surrealism & expressionism.

Some classified his style as " figurative expressionism"

The intensity of his works described as placid & affable.
Juan Luna
In 1884, his masterpiece, "Spoliarium" won first prize at the National Exposition of Fine Arts in Madrid.
Vicente Manansala
A Philippine cubist painter & illustrator.

His canvases were described as masterpieces that brought the cultures of the barrio & city together.
Hernando R. Ocampo
He was credited for a new mode of abstraction that exemplifies Philippine flora & fauna and portrays sunshine, stars, and rains.

His art is described to be "abstract composition of biological forms that seemed to oscillate, quiver, inflame & multiply like mutations.
His paintings often portrayed traditional Filipino culture, customs, fiestas, and occupations
Benedicto 'Bencab' Cabrera
He is a pioneer among Filipino painters.
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