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Figurative Language

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Christina Shoptaw

on 20 November 2017

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Similes and Metaphors
: A simile is a
that often uses the words like or as. One example of a simile would be to say, “Jamie is as busy as a bee.”

: A metaphor is a
made between things which are essentially not alike. It is similar to a simile, but does not use like or as. One example of a metaphor would be to say, “He is the apple of my eye.”
Is when you assign the qualities of a person to something that isn't human or, in some cases, to something that isn't even alive.

"The sun glared down at me from the sky."
"She did not realize that opportunity was knocking at her door."

is an extreme exaggeration used to make a point. It is like the opposite of “understatement.”

Hyperboles are comparisons,
similar to
similes and metaphors,
are extravagant and even ridiculous to the point that they are
"Roar," by Katy Perry
Listen/Watch the song, for all of the figurative language you have learned today!! Make sure to mark everything.(onomatopoeia, similes, metaphors, personification, hyperbole, and idioms)
use Similes and Metaphors to describe suspect. Use at least one of each.
What did the suspect look like?
What color was his hair?
What was he wearing?
What was he doing?
Did he have any identifiable physical characteristics? Tattoos?
Did he say anything?
What were the weather conditions like?
Exaggeration is a statement that presents something better or worse than what it is in reality.

Extreme exaggerations that are used to make a point are called

Figurative Language

Onomatopoeia is a word, which imitates the natural sounds of a thing. It creates a sound effect that mimics the thing described, making the description more expressive and interesting.

Examples of onomatopoeia are boom, meow, crash, sizzle, crunch and buzz.
Pick ONE of the Following Events,
then with a PARTNER,
WRITE DOWN the sounds you would hear at these places.
Basketball Game
Cow and Pig Farm
Birthday Pool Party
Church Service
Train Station

Exit Slip
Similes and Metaphors
Concrete Poetry

"Visual Poetry"
- comparison using "like" or "as." Ex: "As blind as a bat."
Metaphor -
comparison of things essentially different.
Ex: "Roller coaster of emotions."
Exit Slip
Comprehensive Activity!

The Grinch Theme Song
"Mr. Grinch"
You're a mean one, Mr. Grinch
You really are a heel,
You're as cuddly as a cactus, you're as charming as an eel, Mr. Grinch,
You're a bad banana with a greasy black peel!

You're a monster, Mr. Grinch,
Your heart's an empty hole,
Your brain is full of spiders, you have garlic in your soul, Mr. Grinch,
I wouldn't touch you with a thirty-nine-and-a-half foot pole!

You're a foul one, Mr. Grinch,
You have termites in your smile,
You have all the tender sweetness of a seasick crocodile, Mr. Grinch,
Given a choice between the two of you'd take the seasick crocodile!

You're a rotter, Mr. Grinch,
You're the king of sinful sots,
Your heart's a dead tomato splotched with moldy purple spots, Mr. Grinch,
You're a three decker sauerkraut and toadstool sandwich with arsenic sauce!

You nauseate me, Mr. Grinch,
With a nauseous super "naus"!,
You're a crooked dirty jockey and you drive a crooked hoss, Mr. Grinch,
Your soul is an appalling dump heap overflowing with the most disgraceful
assortment of rubbish imaginable mangled up in tangled up knots!

You're a foul one, Mr. Grinch,
You're a nasty wasty skunk,
Your heart is full of unwashed socks, your soul is full of gunk, Mr. Grinch,
The three words that best describe you are as follows, and I quote,
"Stink, stank, stunk"!

t the similes

the metaphors

the onomatopoeia

Winter Personified
What are some adjectives that could describe winter??
Winter's Personification
How does she talk?
(Howling from the rooftop eaves, she sends sharp warnings to stay inside.)
How does she act?
(Winter rules from a fortress of icicles and frost.)
How does she reveal her character or personality?
(Together, we spread banquets for rosy cardinal birds.)
How does she “look” human?
(Her snowy gown trails behind her as she waltzes through the woods.)
Now, take some time to write down some sentences about Winter, using human characteristics. (DO NOT use any of the sentences above!!)

You have only 10 minutes to complete this activity!!

Listen to Song!!
Clap -
Stomp -

Snap -
I am so hungry I could eat a horse.
I had a ton of homework.

Examples of Hyperbole!!
"He snores louder than a freight train."
No one really snores louder than a freight train, but by exaggerating, the writer tells us that the subject snores REALLY loud.
"I would die of embarrassment, if that happened to me!
You wouldn't actually die from being embarrassed!

Some hyperboles have become so commonly used, they have become cliches; phrases that everyone recognizes because of its constant use!

Hyperbole Examples!
Find six hyperboles
in this poem:
In a house the size of a postage stamp
lived a man as big as a barge.
His mouth could drink the entire river
You could say it was rather large
For dinner he would eat a trillion beans
And a silo full of grain,
Washed it down with a tanker of milk
As if he were a drain.

The Six Hyperboles
in the Poem:
In a
house the size of a postage stamp,
lived a
man as big as a barge.
His mouth could
drink the entire river.
You could say it was rather large.
For dinner he would
eat a trillion beans,
And a
silo full of grain,
Washed it down with
a tanker of milk
As if he were a drain.
Listen Up!!
An idiom is
supposed to be taken literally.
Idioms are phrases that are often commonly understood to have a

than what the individual words imply.
This is why idioms
vary in different cultures and countries
, based on that place's common unrealistic phrases

refers to a set expression or a phrase comprising two or more words.

Common Examples of Idioms:
penny for your thoughts
That costs
an arm and a leg
The money was a
blessing in disguise
takes two to tango.
wouldn't be caught dead
in that store.
To make a long story short
, she eventually passed the test.
What do these phrases mean????
Get back into the groups of

ONE person

from each group will come up and

an idiom from me.
The OTHER person will be folding their group's paper in a

fan-type way 8 times.
You CANNOT tell any other person outside from your partner which idiom you were given.
You will then go back to your partner, and together, you must

figure out a picture
you can draw to represent that idiom.
Draw your picture within the very
fold of your paper.
Idiom Telephone Pictionary
Understanding what the words within idioms actually mean is important so that students can better recognize "common" phrases that may not make sense to other people.
draw a picture
to represent your idiom, after my command, you will
pass your picture
to the next group clockwise.
That group will then try to
figure out
the idiom based off of the picture.
That group will then
the paper so the group after cannot see the picture, and will
what they believe
the idiom
is within the following fold of the paper.
Once your group has accomplished either the task of drawing the picture, or deciphering the idiom, you will
for my command to pass the paper.
You and your partner will have to keep your idioms and pictures to yourselves.
If you come to a point, where you cannot figure out what the picture is no matter how hard you try, raise your hand, and I will give you a new idiom to begin
by Katy Perry
I used to bite my tongue and hold my breath
Scared to rock the boat and make a mess
So I sit quietly
Agree politely

I guess that I forgot I had a choice
I let you push me past the breaking point
I stood for nothing
So I fell for everything

You held me down but I got up
Already brushing off the dust
You hear my voice, you hear that sound
Like thunder, gonna shake the ground

You held me down but I got up
Get ready ’cause I’ve had enough
I see it all, I see it now

I got the eye of the tiger, a fighter
Dancing through the fire
‘Cause I am a champion
And you’re gonna hear me roar

Louder, louder than a lion
‘Cause I am a champion
And you’re gonna hear me roar
You’re gonna hear me roar

Now I’m floating like a butterfly
Stinging like a bee, I earned my stripes
I went from zero
To my own hero


(Chorus x2)
Thank you!!
You only have 5 minutes!
You only have
8 minutes
You will only have
3 minutes
to complete this task! Stay focused!

You have 5 Minutes!!!
Partner Up, and check each other's answers
Discuss Answers
What does it mean???
How is this song about pushing the limits?
He's 900 years old.
He's got tons of money.
Her brain is the size of a peanut.
Her smile was a mile wide.
His teeth were blinding white.
I'm so hungry I could eat a horse.
I was lost in a sea of nameless faces.
I'd move mountains for her.
It's raining cats and dogs.
My mom is going to kill me.
He never stops talking.
That's the best idea ever!
The boys were glued to their seats.
These shoes are killing me.
I can smell pizza from a mile away!
Hyperbole List
Full transcript