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chapter 1

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sharlene fraser

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of chapter 1

Chapter 1 Vocabulary In context

when readers come across an unfamiliar word
they often look in different places in the text for
clues. Those clues could be found before, within,
or even after the sentence.


Chapter 2 Main Ideas

A main Idea is important information
that tells more about the overall idea of a paragraph or a section of a text.


Chapter 3 Supporting Details

Supporting details are statements which support
your topic or theme. you support your main idea by explaining it. Describing it, defining it, or giving information about it.

example- Chapter 4 Implied Main Ideas

The implied main idea is not stated in the paragraph or passage it is infered by the various details. The signals include title, topic, subtopic, and details.


senior citizens are a powerful intrest group. Chapter 5 Relationships 1

Relationships are methods to make ideas

2 methods- Transitions, and patterns of organization.
relations involve Addition, and time.

example- addition words- one, first of all, second, third, to begin with for one thing and ect.
these words would be in patterns of organization.

time wors- before, previously later, after, following, and ect. chapter 6 Relationships 2

this chapter deals with more information which is illustation comparison and contrast, and cause and effect.

Illustration words indicate that an aurthor will provide one or more examples to develope and clarify a given idea.

comparision words are signal similarites.
contrast are differences.

cause and effect words signal that the author is explaining the reason why something happened, or the result of intrest rates going up and down.

examples- illustration- certain colors are associated with particular emotions. for instance green represents jealousy, red stand for anger, and blue means gloomy.

comparison and contrast-

Cause & effect- chapter 7 Infrences

Infrences- discovering ideas that are not stated directly in writing. or drawing conclusions.


the cartoon as called out sick from work. chapter 8 purpose and tone

authors write with a reason in mind, and you
can better evaluate their ideas by determining what that
reason is. the author reason for writing is also called the purpose of a selection.

3 common purposes is to inform, persuade, and to entertain.


Chapter 9 Agrument

A agrument is one in which you make a point and then provide
persuasive and logical evidence to back it up.

example- Lauderdale Lakes libary has messy books
1. inside the pages is ripped up.
2. there are food stains on the outside of their books
3. thier books have writting all over the book.
Chapter 10 Critical reading

Critical readers are those who can evaluate an authors support, for a point
and determine whether that support is solid or not.

fact and opinion- a fact is information that can be proven true through objective evidence. A opinion is a belief, judgment, or conclusion that cannot be objectivley proved true.

Bandwagon- technique tells us to buy a product or support a certain issue beacuse, in effect everybody eles is doing it.

Testimonial- the testimony of of famous people influences the viewers that admire these people.

Transfer- in which products or canidates try to associate themselves with something that people admire or love.

Plain folks- Teqnique presenting themeselves as ordinary, average citizens.

Name calling- is the use of emotionally loaded or negative comments to turn people against a rival product.



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