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Basic Theology - The Bible
Transcript of Basic Theology - The Bible
How do we study and understand the Bible? Interpretation and Application How we got our English Bible Preservation & Translations What do we mean by "Inspired"? The Bible is God's Inspired Word II Timothy 3:16-17
Revelation 1:9-11, 19 God superintended the human authors of the Bible so they composed (using their intellect, will, language, style and vocabulary) His message to mankind and recorded the original writings without error. Let's look at several distinctions - multiple choice..... More on Inspiration Are the writers inspired or only the writings that we have?
Or maybe it's in the reading that inspiration happens.... Writers, Writings, or Readers? Is the Message of the Bible what is inspired, or the Thoughts being communicated, or did God "control" each Word? Message, Thoughts, or Words? Is every part of all 66 books Inspired, or only certain parts of the 66 books of the Bible? All or Part? Since God is spirit and the Bible is a spiritual book, does that mean He inspired the Spiritual details (how we should live, who is God, other matters of Faith and Practice), or did He Inspired all of the non-spiritual stuff too like the genealogies, exact quotes, even the stories like the account of creation and the big fish, etc. Spiritual stuff or Non-Spiritual stuff too? When we say the Bible is without error, what do we mean? What is Truth? Language of approximation Language of appearance Different accounts of the same event Free quotations Communication between minds occurs through words.
The Language of the intellect is words. Words Matter What if I accurately record a lie? We communicate to each other through words.
We understand others through what they mean through the words they use. God created language We understand the mind of God through His written Word (the Bible).
God expects us to understand Him. God communicated 4 us 2 understand Completed or Continuing? God spoke to men in the past and guided them to record His Word (the Bible), does He continue to speak to us today and supervise us to add to His Words? Or did He complete His communication to man and no longer speaks to us (for the purposes of continuing the written Word of God)? Why? Revelations 22:18-20
For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, if any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: and if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God shall take away his part out of the book of life, and out of the holy city, and from the things which are written in this book. What did John intend his
readers to understand? Matthew 5:18
For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled. Luke 16:17
And it is easier for heaven and earth to pass, than one tittle of the law to fail. What Did Matthew and Luke intend their readers to understand? I Corinthians 12-14 Options:
Specific : Old Testament books of "the Law"
General : the known pharisaical laws
by inference : All of the Old Testament
by inference : All of the Bible Options
Specific: Book of Revelation
by Inference: Whole Bible Matthew 5:17
Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy , but to fulfil Luke 16:16
The law and the prophets were until John: since that time the kingdom of God is preached , and every man presseth into it. Interesting "Fun Fact" : The Old Testament is divided into 3 sections : the Law, the Prophets, the Writings Correcting the misuse
of Spiritual Gifts
Prophesy, Knowledge, Tongues You've focused on using your gifts and have neglected "love".
"Gifts" are meaningless without love!
Prophesy, Knowledge, and Tongues will soon stop (v 8)
Faith, Hope and Love will continue on (v 13)
but Love remains forever! What did Paul intend his readers to understand about Prophesy, Knowledge and Tongues? What should we understand? We should be challenged to demonstrate love in all we do!
Prophesy, Knowledge, and Tongues have stopped
Faith, Hope and Love still continue
Love still remains forever Paul wrote to the Christians at Corinth about 40 yrs before the final God inspired book to the church was written by John (Revelation).
During the time when Paul was writing these letters to Corinth (I & II Corinthians), Prophecy, Knowledge, and Tongues were still active gifts of the Holy Spirit. Very important "gifts" to the churches before the New Testament had been compiled -- to help the Church get started correctly. Compare and Contrast:
Prophecy and Knowledge
Perfect The Assertion - verses 9&10
Prophecy and Knowledge provide some of what you need
The perfect thing is coming (and then Prophecy and Knowledge will stop)
Word Picture 1 - verse 11
What we have now (Prophecy, Knowledge, etc.) are kids toys
The perfect thing is for grown ups (btw you're gonna need to give up your kid toys)
Word Picture 2 - verse 12
What we have now (Prophecy, Knowledge, etc.) doesn't provide a complete view
The perfect thing is coming and will be much clearer and full! TILT How do God's desires become our desires? Each Christian is in the process of sanctification. We know that our desires will finally match God's when we get to heaven. Until then, our intellect and will struggle between the flesh and the Spirit.
Inspiration is the process where the Spirit superintends a human author's will in such a way that what was produced (a letter, a historical account, a poem, a prophetic vision or warning, etc.) was a communication from the author AND God - the Bible being a product from the will of God and the will of a human author.
When Paul wrote a letter to Philemon telling him how he (Paul) expected him (Philemon) to receive Onisemus, the run away slave, Paul is making that appeal from his own soul, that same appeal is also coming from the mind of God. God superintended the penning of the letter to Philemon so that the very words of the letter are inspired of God - So that saying:
Paul wrote the letter to Philemon
the letter to Philemon is God's word
are equivalent statements.
Often we say only God's Word and we turn the letter to Philemon into a spiritual book directed to each of us and throw out the fact that to understand God's Words, we must understand God's words as we would understand any other letter that Paul wrote (inspired or otherwise) -- through reading the words as Philemon would have understood them over 1900 years ago. Intellect and Will The Spiritual and Physical are so interconnected that there is no such thing as Spiritual without a Physical implication or something that is Physical without its basis in the Spiritual. Which Requires? Word Pictures