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North America: The United States & Canada

Manara Academy - 6th grade Soc. Studies

Jerry Lubos

on 23 September 2014

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Transcript of North America: The United States & Canada

The United States
Stop #1: Mt. McKinley
Highest mountain in North America
over 20,000 ft high!
What is the Continental Divide?
Boundary that separates the flow of rivers to the oceans
To the east of the Rockies - ?
To the west of the Rockies - ?
Arctic Ocean
Pacific Ocean
the 2nd largest mountain system in North America
stretches about 1600 miles
Trivia: "older" - they are now falling
Biodiversity is rich (lots of flora and fauna)
Named America's "breadbasket"
Lots of rich soil
In the east - wetter, farmers grow corn and soybeans
In the west - drier, farmers grow wheat and ranchers raise livestock
Stop #5: Death Valley
Basin - a depression in the surface of the land; some basins are filled with water

Plateau - a large, flat area that rises above the surrounding land; at least one side has a steep slope
Glacier - a huge, slow-moving mass of snow and ice
How we'll split up the
of the U.S. (politically)
- a political unit (similar to a U.S. state) where they have the power to amend constitution and manages sale of its public lands

- areas where they receive their powers from the federal government
Learning Targets
I can list and locate important landforms and bodies of water in the United States
I can define geographical terms such as a valley, basin, plateau, tributary, & glacier
I can explain how natural resources affect human society and their interaction with their environment

Ready geographers? Take notes!
Stop #6: The Great Lakes
Many cities have developed near bodies of water. Why?
These 5 lakes make up the world's largest group of freshwater lakes
Only Lake Michigan lies in the U.S.
Past - were formed by melting ice from ancient glaciers
Present - they act as important waterways for the U.S. and Canada
This is where we live. You will learn A LOT more about this area in 7th grade Soc. Studies!
Mississippi River
Native Americans called it the "Father of the Waters"
It begins in Minnesota and flows through the Great Plains to the Gulf of Mexico
The Ohio & Missouri rivers are TRIBUTARIES of the Mississippi.
Natural resources
Soil - Midwest & South have rich dark soils suitable for farming
Water - also used to generate energy.
>>> Ex: hydroelectricity - power generated by moving water
Energy & mineral resources - 2nd largest producer of coal, petroleum, and natural gas. Also have deposits of copper, gold, granite, iron ore, and lead
Trees - produces lumber, wood pulp for paper, and fine hardwoods for furniture
Learning Targets
I can list and locate important landforms and bodies of water in Canada
I can define geographical terms such as a river and lake
I can list important natural resources of Canada
Is the highest peak in Canada
Part of the Coast Mts.
Stop #1: The Canadian Shield
A region of ancient rock covered by thin layer of soil
Covers half of Canada where few people live
ex: The Grand Coulee Dam, "New" Hoover Dam
Canada's longest river (1080 mi.)
Starts from the Rocky Mts. and FLOWS north to the Arctic Ocean
Natural Resources
12% of Canada's land is suitable for farming
The St. Lawrence Lowlands is a major region that produces grains, milk, vegetables, and fruit
85% of their iron ore comes from mines in the Quebec-Newfoundland border; they also have deposits of gold, silver, zinc, copper, and uranium as well as oil and natural gas
The rivers also generate hydroelectricity
1/2 of Canada is covered in forests so they also produce lumber, paper, plywood, and wood pulp
Tributary - a river or stream that flows into a larger river
Do you remember the definition of a REGION?
How many states are in the U.S.?
What does the continental U.S. refer to?
Which major region do we live in?
The 13 original colonies are in what specific region? Why do you think it's called that?
Largest mountain system in North America
Extends about 3000 miles along the Western U.S.
Trivia: "younger" - they are still growing
Stop #2: The Rocky Mts.
Rocky Mt. mountain goat
Review Qs
Stop #3: The Appalachian Mts.
Black bear
Stop #4: Great Plains/Central Plains
Mt. McKinley (Denali)
The hottest, driest region of North America (SE California)
Located in the Mojave desert
- hottest temperature recorded = 134 °F (1913)
- average annual precipitation = 2.36 inches
Death Valley
Valley - a low area between hills
Sailing stones at Racetrack Playa
The Sierra Mountains
The Cascade Mts.
Marquette Lighthouse (Lake Superior)
Chicago (Lake Michigan)
San Francisco Bay
Capilano Suspension Bridge, British Columbia
Just like each American state has a flag, so does each province/territory!
Make sure to use this page to complete political map
Toronto skyline
Review Qs

What cultures have influenced Canada?
What were immigrants first attracted to?
Quebec is unique because why?
What is the significance of July 1st 1867?
Where do most people live in Canada?

More than 1/2 the population live here
produces 1/3 of Canada's crops and is the manufacturing center
Has rolling hills and deep river valleys
Its fertile soil allows many plants to grow (especially trees)
Stop #2: The St. Lawrence Lowlands
: production of goods on a large scale using machinery
Île d'Orléans, Quebec
Stop #3: The St. Lawrence River
Connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
People created canals that let ships navigate the river
It has become one of North America's most important transportation corridors
= a human-made passageway that allows ships or boats to pass inland
Transportation corridor
= routes through which people can tray foot, vehicle, rail, ship, or airplane
Stop #4: MacKenzie River
The St. Lawrence Seaway
River - a freshwater flowing across the surface of the land, usually to the sea
Lake - a large body of water surrounded by land
City of Montreal overlooking the St. Lawrence River, 1800s
Full transcript