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Trabalho de História - "Hitler and the Holocaust"
Transcript of Trabalho de História - "Hitler and the Holocaust"
Margarida Coelho 11503
Pedro Fragoso 11545 I.The Author Ian Kershaw Born 29th April 1943
British historian of 20th-century Germany
Work chiefly focused on the period of the Third Reich II. The Title: The Nazi Dictatorship, Problems and Perspectives of Interpretation –
Ch.5 "Hitler and the Holocaust" (London: Hodder Arnold, 2000) The major themes and debates relate to Nazism
Description of key interpretative problems
Description of the approaches taken by various historians III. The text chronology 1914 1918 1933 1935 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1945 WWI WWII The central question “How Nazi hatred of the Jews became translated into the practice of Government, and what precise role Hitler played in this process?” Interpretations Intentionalist Structuralist Hitler’s blindness episode
Germany’s defeat in the WWI Hitler became chancellor of Germany Nuremberg Laws
Guidance and regulation of "Jewish Question" Chrystal Night (9th / 10th November)
The start of violence
Jews were killed
Synagogues were burned
Hundreds of Jewish businesses were destroyed
Goebbels was the initiator
The process of radicalization of the “Jewish Question” (1939-1941)
Gas chambers – not Jews but Soviet war prisoners
Madagascar Plan end of wwII The Holocaust only happened because it was a wish of "the master of the Third Reich"
Hitler showed the aim of physical annihilation
The Final Solution is seen has the central goal of the dictator
The totalitarism of his model was stated Shows that the culpability of the Holocaust implicates a large number of agents
Although it doesn't deny Hitler's responsibility
Whether Hitler's hatred is sufficient to explain the Holocaust
Whether physical extermination was Hitler's aim from very early
Whether is not enough just Hitler's will of "getting rid of Jews" Operation Barbarossa (1941 - 1944)
Invasion of Russia
Involved many events
which led Hitler to declare war on the USA
Hitler became more aggressive with the Jewish Question (Goebbels' diary)
Confusion and contradictory interpretations of the aims of anti-Jewish policy by the Nazi authorities
Gradual, though steep, fall into the full-scale genocidal programme Wannsee Conference
Meeting of important Nazi party members in which the main topic was the Jewish Question
The extermination of the European Jews
Hans Frank Speech
Took measures of radicalization and extermination Conclusion The Final Solution, the extermination of a great number of Jews all over Europe, was not a product of a single order or decision but rather a consequence of a great number of events that escalated to the ‘need’ of an radical solution to the question.
The most correct theory?
There is not a specific answer to that, both models have their different perspective. However, both theories blame Hitler morally
The Third Reich was not a single man dictatorship, even though Hitler’s presence was the most noticed.
The most proactive members of the Nazi regime were Goebbels, Heichmann, Heydrich, Hans Frank and Goring. Intentionalist Authors:
Walter Hofer Structuralist Authors:
Uwe Dietrich Adam The idea to deport all the Jews to Madagascar ende...