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gerunds vs infinitives

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by

ignacia vidal

on 24 September 2012

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Transcript of gerunds vs infinitives

AFTER SOME VERBS. A noun made from a verb by adding "-ing."
The gerund form of the verb "read" is "reading."
You can use a gerund as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. GERUND The "base" form of the verb; with or without "to".
You can also use an infinitive as the subject, the complement, or the object of a sentence. INFINITIVES One or the other, but never together . " I like to swimming" After prepositions
Instead of a noun
After some verbs Usages. Enjoy
Imagine
Keep
Practice ... After some verbs such as: Modal verbs (without "to")
After adjectives
Talking about purpose
After some verbs Usages. Agree
Care
Fail
Happen ... After some verbs such as: The meaning does not change. The meaning changes. Forget
Mean
Regret
Stop
Try... " I stopped to read the newspaper" "I stopped reading the newspaper" Prefer
Intend
Start
Begin ... "When he read the note he started laughing" "When he read the note he started to laugh" For casual conversation you can use both freely, but...

...GRAMMATICALLY YOU MUST FOLLOW THIS RULES. GERUNDS V/S INFINITIVES. Stative verbs. Not actions. Emotion verbs: "I'm loving it" to like
to love
to hate
to dislike
to fear
to envy
to mind ... "I'm loving it" "I love it" CORRECT. NOT CORRECT. Abstract Verbs: to be
to want
to cost
to seem
to need
to care
to contain to owe
to exist ... "She's needing help now" NOT CORRECT. "She needs help now" CORRECT. Possession Verbs: to possess
to own
to have
to belong ... "He's owning it" NOT CORRECT. "He owns it" CORRECT. After prepositions: Instead of a noun: "Smoking isn’t allowed here"

"Swimming is very good exercise" "I drank a cup of coffee before leaving"
"It’s a good idea to brush your teeth after eating" After adjectives: "I’m happy to see you"

"It’s likely to snow tonight" Talking about purpose: "I came to England to study"

"I went home to have lunch"
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