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Transcript of Antigone
“Antigone, be sensible. It’s all very well for men to believe in ideas and die for them. But you are a girl!” - Ismene (page 13)
“It is my trade; a trade a man has to work at every day…kings, my girl, have other things to do than to surrender themselves to their private feelings.” -Antigone (page 30)
“...I want everything of life, I do; and I want it now! I want it total, complete: otherwise I reject it! ...I will not be satisfied with the bit of cake you offer me if I promise to be a good little girl. I want ...everything will be as beautiful as when I was a little girl. If not, I want to die!” -Antigone (page 42-43)
Quotes in Antigone
-the idea that men and women are equal bodies and should be treated as such
-men and women are intellectual and social equals
-gender/sex should not be a basis for discrimination (sexism)
wrote Antigone during 40s German occupation of France
by Jean Anouilh is prominent in several features of the play
Antigone acts as a feminist in some ways but not others
Antigone embraces double standards
Degrees of Feminism
Four Main Branches:
-Conservative Feminism disapproves of women working for a career equal to men as it ruins the family, since there is not as much time for the women to care for her family.
-Radical Feminism is the belief that the oppression of women is the most basic form of oppression and to completely get away from this, women must not depend on men for relationships, reproduction, or knowledge.
-Socialist Feminism works to create equality between gender and class.
-Liberal Feminism works to create a completely equal society with equal
opportunities between men and women. Uniquely to other forms
of feminism, they accept traditional scientific methods.
remained apolitical for most of life and career
branded as potential Nazi sympathiser
Theatricalsim-the return of poetry and imagination to the stage
versatility with the stylized use of Greek myth, the rewriting of history, and the modern comedy of character
Women's Roles in Ancient Greece
-Controlled by men:
-Father before marriage, spouse after marriage
-Married as teens to men in their 30’s
- Often, the father chose the spouse
- Most girls did not meet their spouse until her dowry was given
-Taught household skills
- Rarely left the house unless there was a religious event
Ancient Greece vs. 1940's
-Sophocles originally wrote Antigone when women were treated poorly
-Plato was the most known feminist in Ancient Grecian times
-Developed idea of the ideal state
-women equal to men or even surpassed men
-Anouilh adapted the play in the 1940's
-Feminism was becoming more widely accepted as men went to fight in World War II
-Women had to go to work in order to provide for their children, so they were not expected to solely car for their families
-This idea of women in the workforce stuck around and women continue to go to work today
Antigone vs Other Female Characters
Antigone follows some of the female stereotypes by attempting to be pretty and marrying Haemon
But she also acts as a feminist by opposing Creon and breaking out of gender roles
Acts as a motherly figure towards Antigone, because Antigone doesn’t have a motherly figure
She scolds her and gives her advice
She shows affection towards Antigone and reassures her
Her maternal presence brings out the girlhood in Antigone, because she turns to the Nurse for help
Beautiful and talkative
She is the foil character of Antigone
She tries to talk Antigone out of rebellion
Although she follows the stereotype of a woman in Ancient Greece, she does eventually attempt to join Antigone in her death
She chooses her sister over Creon’s law
Disregards many aspects of a woman’s role
She doesn’t stay inside
She doesn’t do housework
The most extreme example of a feminist in the play, but she still wants to look pretty and marry Haemon, so she is not completely independent
What is feminism to you?
She sits in her room and knits
She is the queen but she is still following the role of women in Ancient Greek society
She is the most extreme example of a woman following gender roles in the play