Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Red Scare, Palmer Raids, Nativism, and the KKK
Transcript of Red Scare, Palmer Raids, Nativism, and the KKK
, Palmer Raids, Nativism, and the KKK
Nativism or “Americanism"
The belief that native-born Americans, especially if of Anglo-Saxon extraction, have superior rights to the "foreign-born"
Americans were disillusioned by the war and had returned back to a doctrine of isolationism.
This caused highly restrictive immigration laws that imposed quotas by national origin
America shunned diplomatic commitments to foreign countries, denounced foreign "radical" ideas, condemned "un-American" lifestyles, and shut the gates to immigration
Formation of hate groups, legal action, and court decisions helped promote these Nativism feelings
Congress passed Emergency Quota Act in 1921
Placed numerical quotas on immigration
The bill was only temporary, but the Congress began demanding a more permanent bill
Immigration Act of 1924
More Permanent Act
Reduced number of immigrants able to arrive in America
A Brief History of the Ku Klux Klan (AKA the KKK)
Originally founded in 1866 by ex-Confederate soldiers and other Southerners opposed to Reconstruction after the Civil War
As Reconstruction ended, so did the KKK (...for now...)
Nathan Bedford Forrest called for it to disband after witnessing it straying from its original and honorable purposes.
1915 - the KKK was revived by William Joseph Simmons. He viewed the Klan as a way to make money from membership sales
Previously, the Klan focused their hate towards blacks, however, they widened out and started to include Catholics, Jews, and foreigners in their actions of hatred (although blacks were still included in their hate acts
Attorney General Arnold Palmer, assisted by J. Edgar Hoover (lawyer), conducted a series of raids against groups suspected of communist sympathies
Palmer had presidential hopes, which he promoted by publishing documents like “The Case Against the Reds” (1920)
Justified his actions “to tear out the radical seeds that have entangled American ideas in their poisonous theories”
Wanted to arrest/ deport all radicals and anarchists living in the US
The Union of Russian Workers
International Workers of the World (IWW)
One raid more than 100 Russian-born aliens- arrested and deported to Soviet Union
Anarchist movement – were thought to destroy all governmental control and raise chaos
Misconception due to the media’s portrayal of her
Palmer claimed the raids would destroy a revolutionary conspiracy
Took place between Nov 1919 and Jan 1920
Took place in more than 30 cities, mostly on the east coast
More than several thousand had been arrested and several hundred had been deported
Detainees were denied access to their families and to lawyers
Held for months with no charges filed against him
Palmer demanded to get them deported but rebuffed by Assistant Secretary of Labor Louis Post, who was in charge of deportation proceedings
In June 1920, George Anderson, a Massachusetts District Court judge, ordered the release from prison of 17 immigrant detainees and compared the Palmer Raids to mob rule
Public opinion turned against the excesses of the period, Palmer lost his bid to become the Democratic nominee for President
The KKK during the Roaring 20s!
While the 1920s was a prosperous period full of life and new ideas (some better than others, i.e. bootlegging), the Klan boasted of returning to "clean" living
This appealed to Americans who were uncomfortable with the shift that culture and society had taken (going from a rural agricultural nation to one of urban industrialization
This led to an influx in membership during the 20s
By 1925 it is estimated that there were anywhere from 3 to 8 million members
The KKK invited people of both the lower and middle-class to join their ranks
During the 20s the Klan started a strategy known as the "decade" used gain political power
Every Klan member was responsible for recruiting 10 people to vote for Klan candidates in election
This plan was executed in 1924 and Klan candidates from states across the country were elected into office
Known as the "Invisible Empire", the presence of the Klan was felt everywhere...
The Klan and Nativism
The Klan was based off of fundamentalism, devout patriotism, and white supremacy
FUNDAMENTALISM - A movement with strict view of doctrine; a return to former principles
DEVOUT PATRIOTISM - A deep love for one's country
WHITE SUPREMACY - The idea that the Caucasian race is dominant over the rest
The Klan's propaganda furthered and worsened nativism in the United States
-Occurred shortly after WWI and the Bolshevik Revolution (Bolshevik Party in Russia was convinced by Lenin to overthrow their government; also why Russia backs out of WWI)
occurred from the patriotism that became prevalent during WWI
-after this time, there was a nationwide fear of communists, socialists, anarchists, and other parties that were foreign to the primarily Republican and Democrat people of the United States (this truly began after a series of 1919 anarchist bombings)
: people who believed that the government should own everything that makes and transports products and there should be no privately owned properties
people who believed major industries should be owned and controlled by the government not individuals
believed that the government and all forms of authority were unnecessary and undesirable and wanted a society with voluntary cooperation of individuals and groups
-innocent people were jailed for expressing their views and for even being suspected of being communist, socialist, anarchist, etc. (similar to the Salem Witch Trials where many women were hanged for just being suspected of being a witch or joining in witchcraft)
-after Armistice was declared in 1918, over 13 million people working in war industries and as soldiers were now unemployed and they wanted the jobs for Americans as opposed to immigrants they believed to be communist or any other party that was feared
: the irrational dislike or fear of people from other countries
-this was rampant throughout the country at this time and also led to nativism being extremely prevalent
-newspapers and other forms of media exacerbated the xenophobia
-became increasingly worse as a plot to sent 36 bombs to people of political and economic prominence was uncovered
-only 8 went off and one was sent to U.S. Attorney General Arnold Palmer which in turn led to the