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the natural approach

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Wioleta Cichocka

on 15 October 2012

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Transcript of the natural approach

The Natural Approach is an approach proposed by Krashen and Terrell to develop teaching principles which emphasize natural communication rather than formal grammar study and are tolerant of learner’s errors. The Natural Approach Adventages Disadventages The Natural Approach pays particular attention to the informal acquisition of language rules. The essential of the Natural Approach is language acquisition which is considered a subconscious process, dependent on two factors: :the amount of comprehensive input the students get, and the strength of their affective filters, that is, the amount of input the students’ “allow in”. 1. Students acquire the target language in a natural and easy way.
2. Teaching materials are designed very well. Students can acquire language from easy to difficult, from simple to complex, and from concrete to abstract. 1. Students may use the target language fluently, but they cannot use it accurately.
2. Teachers should collect various teaching aids and use them appropriately. Main features of the Natural Approach

1. The Natural Approach considers input as the most important element of any language teaching programme. Language is best taught when it is being used to transmit messages, not when it is explicitly taught for conscious learning.

2. This has several implications for classroom practice.① First, it implies that whatever helps comprehension is important. ②It implies that vocabulary is important. With more vocabulary there will be more comprehension and with more comprehension, there will be more acquisition. ③A third implication is the needs to be concerned primarily with whether the students understand the message. ④The fourth implication is that the classroom may be a very good place for second language acquisition. ⑤The last one is that effective classroom input must be interesting.

3. According to the Natural Approach, speaking is not absolutely essential for language acquisition.

4. The input hypothesis claims that the best way to teach speaking is to focus on listening (and reading) and spoken fluency will emerge on its own. The Natural Approach also claims that grammar instruction has a limited role.

5. Grammar use should be limited to situations where it will not interfere with communication. The time to use the Monitor is in writing and in prepared speech.
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