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Contributions to the Atomic Theory; Michael Faraday
Transcript of Contributions to the Atomic Theory; Michael Faraday
-Albert Einstein kept a picture of Faraday on his study wall, alongside pictures of Isaac Newton and James Clerk Maxwell. Physicist Ernest Rutherford stated; "When we consider the magnitude and extent of his discoveries and their influence on the progress of science and of industry, there is no honor too great to pay to the memory of Faraday, one of the greatest scientific discoverers of all time".
Through his research of the magnetic field around a conductor carrying a direct current, Faraday made the basis for the concept of the electromagnetic field in physics. He established that magnetism could affect rays of light and that there was an underlying relationship between the two phenomena.
He also discovered the principle of electromagnetic induction, diamagnetism, and the laws of electrolysis. His inventions of electromagnetic rotary devices formed the base of electric motor technology, and it was mostly due to his work and efforts, that electricity became practical for use in technology.
Faraday was an excellent experimentalist who conveyed his ideas in clear and simple language; his mathematical abilities, however, did not extend as far as trigonometry or any but the simplest algebra. James Clerk Maxwell took the work of Faraday and others, and summarized it in a set of equations that is accepted as the basis of all modern theories of electromagnetic phenomena.
On Faraday's uses of the lines of force, Maxwell wrote that they show Faraday "to have been in reality a mathematician of a very high order – one from whom the mathematicians of the future may derive valuable and fertile methods." The SI unit of capacitance, the farad, is named in his honor.
By: MARA ANDERSON - PFAFF <3
The Beginning of the Past:
-specifically involved in the study of chlorine; he discovered two new compounds of chlorine and carbon.
-conducted the first rough experiments on the diffusion of gases
-invented an early form of what was to become the Bunsen burner
-reported the first synthesis of compounds made from carbon and chlorine, C2Cl6 and C2Cl4, and published his results
-responsible for discovering the laws of electrolysis, and for popularizing terminology such as anode, cathode, electrode, and ion
The End:) <3
Thanks For Reading!!!!