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Personality and it's effect on sports performance.

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by

Tim Jespersen

on 27 March 2014

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Transcript of Personality and it's effect on sports performance.

Type A and Type B
Martens schematic view

Martens Schematic View has 3 levels.

Level 1 - Psychological Core ; This level is central to a person's personality and takes in factors such as values, beliefs, self worth and attitudes towards fundamental issues in life (your true self).

Level 2 - Standard Response is the second stage in Marten's personality table and identifies how people normally respond to situations in life and adapt to the environment they are surrounded in.






Level 3 - Situation Related Behavior; When a person changes their attitude and personality to fit a situation.

Psychodynamic

The psychodynamic approach to personality says that
personality is made up of conscious and unconscious
parts. The first part is called the ‘id’ which stands for
instinctive drive. It is the part of your personality that is
unconscious and makes you do certain things without
thinking about them,
for example, a sprinter in the Olympic final may feel so threatened by the expectations upon them that they respond with
large levels of anxiety and their muscles automatically
freeze.


The second part of your personality, your ego
is the conscious part. The final part is your super ego,
which is your moral conscience. The effect of the ego
and super ego can be seen in sport,
for example when a football player refuses to take a penalty in a penalty shoot out because they are worried about missing and letting their team down.

Trait
There are two types of trait theories.

Introverts and extroverts.

.



Personality and it's effect on sports performance.
Situational
There are 2 types of experience: Modelling and Reinforcement.

Modelling:
This is where we observe what other
people do and imitate it.

Reinforcement:
if we are rewarded with
something, we are likely to do it again.

Interactional

Type A.

•Strong competitive drive
•High levels of alertness
•Work at a fast pace
•Become angry easily
•Need to be in control
•Highly stressed






Type B.

•More relaxed
•Delegate easily
•Less competitive
•Less urgency to get things done immediately
•Low levels of stress

This theory states that the behavior
is a combination of inherited and environmental factors.
This theory suggests that when situational
factors are particularly strong, for example, during
competitive sporting situations like penalty shootouts
in football, they are more likely to predict
behavior than personality trait.
For example; if somebody shy scores a winning penalty in a football match then they may run off celebrating to the crowd.
Effects on sports performance:

These personality types have an effect on sports people.

Research says that the non-athletes are taking part in sport they tend to be more introverted.

When compared to the non-athletes, athletes are seen to be more extroverted. they also display lower levels of depression, fatigue, confusion and anger.

There is no direct link between personality types and being successful in sporting performance. however, some research suggests that certain personality types may be more attracted to certain sports. this does not mean that personality is going to make a better athlete.
Personally i think that being a type A is important for team sports such as Football and Rugby as this requires strong confidence when playing at a high level. i also think extroverts are similar because they are able to show passion for the sport better than an introvert.

However, i do not think that a type A sports person or an extrovert would be as good at a solo sport such as equestrian or swimming as this needs a more concentrated and less stressful mind.


Usually people that are doing sports by themselves are introverts because they keep to themselves. However an athlete such as Usain Bolt would break this theory.

Ryan Giggs- Team sport
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