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IELTS WRITING --- TASK1
Transcript of IELTS WRITING --- TASK1
structure --- sentence patterns --- key words & phrases
Key words and Phrases
n. & v. VS adj. & v.
Types of Task1
Data VS Nondata
Introduction --- Body --- Conclusion
object description + there be + time/ place/ data
process & map
Picture on Task1
analysis + structure + tips
Time & Place
Key Words and Phrases
change the part of speech of key words
change the position of key words
embody key information--- adding
change verb form
always present simple!!!
no subjective description
no analysis of reasons
no looking for nature
object + saw/ witnessed/ experienced + trend(noun) + data + time
there be + trend(noun) + data + in + object + time(year/ month etc.)
time/ place/ number + saw/ witnessed/ experienced/ enjoyed etc. + trend (noun.) + data + in + time ...
noun & verb
diagram, figure, pie /bar/line/table, picture, map , flow
number, amount, figure, quantity ， data ，statistics,
percentage, proportion, ratio, part, share, segment, section, portion,
rate, the rest, the remainder, the remaining
double, twice, triple, fourfold, half, one third,, a quarter, a/the
majority of, a fraction of
： demonstrate, display,reveal, present, reflect, illustrate, indicate,
give information about, provide an overview of
: account for, make up, take up, cover, represent , constitute,
comprise, consist of
: rise , increase, grow(grew), surge, jump, go up, rocket, climb, an
: decline, drop, fall, decrease, sink, go down, dip, plummet,
a downward trend
up and down:
fluctuate, wave, vibrate, shift, rise and fall, range
between ... and...
swing/alternate/flutter/reverse（反转）/recover (from), bounce back（复苏）
: level off / level out, stabilize at，remain stable/steady
at，reach a plateau at
highest and lowest point:
reach /hit/ attain/ increase to
the peak/summit at .... reach the bottom/
lowest point at
adj. VS adv.
sudden(suddenly), sharp(sharply), dramatic(dramatically), drastic(drastically). steep(steeply),rapid(rapidly)
steady(steadily）， gradual(gradually) , slow(slowly), smooth（smoothly), gentle(gentlely)
significant(significantly), marked(markedly), substantial (substantially), striking(strikingly), evident(evidently),
marginal(marginally), moderate(moderately), modest(modestly)
from A to B, between A and B, during A and B, within a (small/large) range of
about, around, approximately, roughly, nearly, just over, just under, or so/ almost, nearly / exactly, precisely/ Respectively, separately ，for each
Coherence and Cohesion
Analyze the topic
---Read the question --- Look at the graph)
---Body --- paragraphs
---Structure(Intro.-Body-Con.), Tense, Logical thinking, Time management.
---amount of words, units, spelling, tense etc.
up / down/ up and down/ no change
adj. & adv & n. & v
Table --- past & present vs by oneself
high numbers & low numbers
the biggest contrasts vs the closest similarities
in order ( respectively)
number of pies & elements for each
ratio & percentage ( largest, smallest, times )
trend --- line
data--- pie & table
line the top of the bar
Process (flow chart)
no data but words
starting point + arrow
procedure(step) + paragraphs
logic + connecting
new words to take
the passive voice
Map ---- Location & Historical change
location and position
Tense and voice
past&future simple, present perfect
something new appears
something old disappears
Expression of location and change
: completely disappeared/were removed
transformed/reconstructed/converted/replaced /substituted changed/turned over ; replaced /substituted
Analyze the topic
read the question
look at the graph
Dynamic or static?
Dynamic --- trends--- separate increase and decrease for body
Static--- max,min, times, equal
main Features, not list data
, Max / Min, Slope
facts, not opinions
within the chart or between the charts
--- Restate opinion
up/ down/ up & down/ no change
starting and finishing point / peak
adj. & adv.
no time change
verb relative to number and percentage
compare and contrast
biggest / smallest/ times
The graph below shows the enrollments of overseas students and local students in Britain’s universities.
students and local students
in Britain’s universities
from 1989 to 1999.
"1" --- Topic sentence
main trend or feature ！！！
"X" --- specific explanation
It can be seen there was an increasing trend on oversea students during two decades.
More exactly, students going abroad sharply went up from 2,000 in 1990 to 200,000 to 2010.
in short, in brief, in conclusion,
in sum, in summary,in closing,
to conclude, to sum up, finally,
overall, all in all
Overall, throughout these years, the amount of goods delivered by almost all four types of transport had increased steadily, with the exception of that of rail transportation which decreased till 1994 then picked up again.
In January, the gold sales were/stood at about 200 million dollars
The percentage of malnourished people in the EU experienced a sharp rise of 10% from 1970 to 1980.
There was a rise of 10% in the proportion of malnourished elderly people in the EU over the decade till 1980.
There was a steady rise in the number of new immigrants in Australia from around 130000 in 2004 to just over 160000 in 2006.
2008 saw the strongest increase in demand for motor vehicles since the second world war.
Europe witnessed a sharp increase in the demand for motor vehicles since world war II .
Body --- transition and connection
The process starts from…/ At/ in the first / initial stage
At the beginning of the cycle,/ During the initial phase,
The beginning of the whole / cycle is marked by …
The second stage is / The next step in the process is .
Then,/ After that, /In the following stage, / At this point,
Finally, / In the final step, / …is the last step in the procedure/Entering the final stage ,
As can be seen from the flow chart, it is clear to see how the procession (development)of ... is carried out.