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IELTS WRITING --- TASK1

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by

Hawk Yang

on 16 May 2014

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Transcript of IELTS WRITING --- TASK1

IELTS WRITING --- TASK1

3 CORES
structure --- sentence patterns --- key words & phrases
Key words and Phrases
n. & v. VS adj. & v.
Band Descriptor
VS
Writing Steps
Types of Task1
Data VS Nondata
Structure
Introduction --- Body --- Conclusion
Sentence Pattern
object description + there be + time/ place/ data
process & map
Picture on Task1
analysis + structure + tips
Structure
Sentence Pattern

Object Description

There be

Time & Place

Data
Key Words and Phrases
Introduction
Paraphrasing
change the part of speech of key words
change the position of key words
embody key information--- adding
change verb form
change synonyms
always present simple!!!
Body
Conclusion
Restate opinion
no subjective description
no analysis of reasons
no looking for nature
object description
object + saw/ witnessed/ experienced + trend(noun) + data + time
there be
there be + trend(noun) + data + in + object + time(year/ month etc.)
time-place-data
time/ place/ number + saw/ witnessed/ experienced/ enjoyed etc. + trend (noun.) + data + in + time ...
noun & verb
graph:
diagram, figure, pie /bar/line/table, picture, map , flow
number:
number, amount, figure, quantity , data ,statistics,
percentage, proportion, ratio, part, share, segment, section, portion,
rate, the rest, the remainder, the remaining
times:
double, twice, triple, fourfold, half, one third,, a quarter, a/the
majority of, a fraction of
show:
: demonstrate, display,reveal, present, reflect, illustrate, indicate,
give information about, provide an overview of
occupy
: account for, make up, take up, cover, represent , constitute,
comprise, consist of
trend ---

up
: rise , increase, grow(grew), surge, jump, go up, rocket, climb, an
upward trend.
down
: decline, drop, fall, decrease, sink, go down, dip, plummet,
a downward trend
up and down:
fluctuate, wave, vibrate, shift, rise and fall, range
between ... and...
swing/alternate/flutter/reverse(反转)/recover (from), bounce back(复苏)
no change
: level off / level out, stabilize at,remain stable/steady
at,reach a plateau at
highest and lowest point:

reach /hit/ attain/ increase to
the peak/summit at .... reach the bottom/
lowest point at
adj. VS adv.
fast speed:
sudden(suddenly), sharp(sharply), dramatic(dramatically), drastic(drastically). steep(steeply),rapid(rapidly)
slight speed:
steady(steadily), gradual(gradually) , slow(slowly), smooth(smoothly), gentle(gentlely)
steady speed:
constant(constantly), consistent(consistently)
obvious change:
significant(significantly), marked(markedly), substantial (substantially), striking(strikingly), evident(evidently),
slight change:
marginal(marginally), moderate(moderately), modest(modestly)
range:
from A to B, between A and B, during A and B, within a (small/large) range of
degree:
about, around, approximately, roughly, nearly, just over, just under, or so/ almost, nearly / exactly, precisely/ Respectively, separately ,for each
Band Descriptor
Task Achievement.

Coherence and Cohesion

Lexical Resource

Grammatical Resource

Writing Steps
Analyze the topic
---Read the question --- Look at the graph)


Brainstorming.
---Body --- paragraphs

Writing up
---Structure(Intro.-Body-Con.), Tense, Logical thinking, Time management.


Checking up
---amount of words, units, spelling, tense etc.
Data graphs
Line graph:
dynamic graph
starting/peak/finishing points
up / down/ up and down/ no change
adj. & adv & n. & v
Table --- past & present vs by oneself

high numbers & low numbers
the biggest contrasts vs the closest similarities
in order ( respectively)
group
Pie chart:
static data
number of pies & elements for each
ratio & percentage ( largest, smallest, times )
Bar chart:
trend --- line
data--- pie & table
line the top of the bar
Nondata graphs
Process (flow chart)
no data but words
starting point + arrow
procedure(step) + paragraphs
logic + connecting
new words to take
the passive voice
present simple

Map ---- Location & Historical change
subtopic
in order
marked symbol
location and position
process
Map
Tense and voice
past&future simple, present perfect
passive voice
Detail change
something new appears
something old disappears
Writing order
time
space
Expression of location and change
size:
enlarged/extended/reduced by
disappear
: completely disappeared/were removed
change into:
transformed/reconstructed/converted/replaced /substituted changed/turned over ; replaced /substituted
Analyze the topic
read the question
paraphrasing--- introduction
look at the graph
Dynamic or static?
Dynamic --- trends--- separate increase and decrease for body
Static--- max,min, times, equal


Summarize
main Features, not list data
Select Trend
, Max / Min, Slope
Report
facts, not opinions
Compare
within the chart or between the charts
Structure
Introduction ---
paraphrasing

Body ---
"1+X"

Conclusion ---
restate
Tips
By Hawk
Introduction
--- Paraphrasing

Body
--- "1+x"

Conclusion
--- Restate opinion
Dynamic Diagram
time change
up/ down/ up & down/ no change
starting and finishing point / peak
adj. & adv.
Static Diagram
no time change
verb relative to number and percentage
compare and contrast
biggest / smallest/ times
e.g:
The graph below shows the enrollments of overseas students and local students in Britain’s universities.

The given
bar chart
demonstrates
the
proportion
of
foreign
students and local students
enrolled
in Britain’s universities
from 1989 to 1999.
"1+x"
"1" --- Topic sentence
main trend or feature !!!
"X" --- specific explanation
data !!!
e.g :

It can be seen there was an increasing trend on oversea students during two decades.

More exactly, students going abroad sharply went up from 2,000 in 1990 to 200,000 to 2010.
in short, in brief, in conclusion,
in sum, in summary,in closing,
to conclude, to sum up, finally,
overall, all in all
Overall, throughout these years, the amount of goods delivered by almost all four types of transport had increased steadily, with the exception of that of rail transportation which decreased till 1994 then picked up again.
In January, the gold sales were/stood at about 200 million dollars

The percentage of malnourished people in the EU experienced a sharp rise of 10% from 1970 to 1980.
There was a rise of 10% in the proportion of malnourished elderly people in the EU over the decade till 1980.

There was a steady rise in the number of new immigrants in Australia from around 130000 in 2004 to just over 160000 in 2006.
2008 saw the strongest increase in demand for motor vehicles since the second world war.

Europe witnessed a sharp increase in the demand for motor vehicles since world war II .
Introduction--- paraphrasing
Body --- transition and connection
The process starts from…/ At/ in the first / initial stage
At the beginning of the cycle,/ During the initial phase,
The beginning of the whole / cycle is marked by …

The second stage is / The next step in the process is .
Then,/ After that, /In the following stage, / At this point,
Finally, / In the final step, / …is the last step in the procedure/Entering the final stage ,
Conclusion
As can be seen from the flow chart, it is clear to see how the procession (development)of ... is carried out.
Tense
Unites
Preposition
Compare
Contrast
Legends
Full transcript