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Pope Benedict XVI's Resignation
Transcript of Pope Benedict XVI's Resignation
For those who are Catholic, how influential is Christianity in your life?
- How significant was Pope Benedict XVI's resignation to your own life?
- What country do you think Pope's come from? History Of the Papacy Election Process Good Popes Throughout History Alexander VI Pope Benedict XVI's Background The Resignation Topics the Pope had a strong stance on... - Against same sex marriage.
- The Catholic Religion being the “true religion”.
- Restated the Church’s ban on women priests.
- Dubbed the “Green Pope”
- Stood up for Universal Health Care. - Formerly known as Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger
- Born April 16, 1927 in Germany.
- Elected Pope on April 19, 2005
- Pope Benedict XVI at the age of 78.
- Pope Benedict XVI’s reign lasted approximately 7 years and 10 months. - Doctorate from University of Munich.
- Taught dogma and theology.
- Helped found the theological journal Communio.
- Appointed Cardinal by Pope Paul VI.
- Vice Dean of the College of Cardinals from 1998-2002
- Dean of the College of Cardinals from 2002-2005. Pope Benedict XVI's Background Continued - Elected April 19, 2005
- Announced Resignation February 10, 2013 at the age of 85.
- Last date as the official Pope February 28th, 2013 Analysis on the Resignation - Pope Benedict XVI is the first Pope to resign in almost 600 years.
- Last Pope to resign was Gregory XII in 1415.
- Number of Popes that have resigned
- 10 including Pope Benedict XVI
- Pope Benedict XVI recently changed the rules of the Conclave, to allow the College of Cardinals to start the Conclave process as soon each Cardinal arrives in Rome.
- This action was rule modification removes the original transition period of 15 days. History Of the Papacy Cont. St. Gregory I the Great John Paul II Characteristics of a Corrupt Leader World View of Devoted Catholics Some of Pope Benedcit XVI's Accomplishments - Wrote 3 Encyclicals (Papal Letter)
1.“God is Love” (2006)
a.Faith as charity in action.
2.“ Christian Hope” (2007)
a.Presents Jesus as “great hope” for all contemporary men and women.
3.“Charity in Truth” (2009)
a.Social justice is inseparably from Christian charity.
- Wrote the book titled “Jesus of Nazareth”
-Called for people to develop a need for a personal relationship with Jesus.
-Sold more than 2 million copies.
- Called the 2008-2009 year the “Year of Saint Paul”
-Pope Benedict XVI set out to familiarize Catholics with Saint Paul’s work and referred to him as the model Christian. - St. Peter, Jesus' chief disciple, was appointed the first bishop of Rome=the first pope.
- There are 265 individuals that have claimed (and are recognized as legitimate) to be pope.
- The popes have differed among themselves in social class, as well as ordained status. "The history of the popes is not a history of Catholicism, which is a much, much bigger reality." -John W. O'Malley, S.J. - The popes were not always elected in Rome.
- Only in the past 100 years has the pope played such an important role in the "self-definition" of Catholics due to better means of communication.
- The papacy wasn't even mentioned in any creed or catechism until the 16th century. Job Description Prior to Technology 1) To guard the tombs of Saints Peter and Paul against profanation
2) To provide for orphans, widows, and other needy people of the city
3) To protect Rome and it's surrounding territories against foreign enemies
4) Rally Christian monarchs to lead crusades
5) Govern Rome and the Papal States - You are now the Pope.
- Time to change your name.
- Some of your job responsibilities include:
- Appointing Clergy
- Defining Dioceses
- Head of State ( Church, and Vatican City)
- Media Relations
- Resolving issues of faith
- Chief Executive Officer of the Church.
- Formal (Legitimate) v. Informal (Referent) Power - 590-604
-Former name: Gregorius Anicius
-Became Pope at the age of 50 after being a monk at St. Andrews
-Was well known for his prolific writings
-Almost all the leading principles of the later Catholicism are found in Gregory the Great.
-Helped launch the evangelization of northern Europe which transformed Christianity. Too pooped to pope? -1978-2005
-Former name: Karol Józef Wojtya
-2nd longest serving Pope in history and the first non-Italian since 1523.
-One of the most traveled world leaders in history. Visiting 129 different countries during his pontificate.
-increased diplomatic relations from 85 to 174.
-Collapse of communist Poland
-was acclaimed as one of the most influential leaders of the 20th century.
-Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2004 Each Pope has his own platform in which he runs on, similar to the presidency. Different personalities reflect different forms of leadership. • Birth name: Roderic Llançol i de Borja (Rodrigo Borgia) • 1492 - 1503
•One of the most corrupt Popes of all time.
•Essentially bought the papacy
• Maternal Uncle Pope Callixtus III Papal Politics Built many strong alliances to maintain and increase his power.
•Libertinism and Nepotism typically used to characterize his papacy
Libertinism: One who acts without moral restraint; a dissolute person
Nepotism: favoritism shown to relatives or close friends by those with power or influence • Pathological liar
• Tampers with organizational funds
• Aggressive narcissism
• Lack of remorse or guilt
• No integrity - Is he exhibiting good or bad leadership by resigning?
- What leadership style/theory do you believe he relates to the most?