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Transcript of Lamentations
A Glance at Each...
OT & NT
"In the days of her affliction and wandering Jerusalem remembers all the treasures that were hers in days of old. When her people fell into enemy hands,
there was no one to help her.
Her enemies looked at her and laughed at her destruction."
"I have been deprived of peace; I have forgotten what prosperity is. So I say, 'My splendor is gone and all that I had hoped from the LORD.'"
young men...vs. 2
upper class...vs. 5
nursing mothers...vs. 10
prophets and priests...vss. 13-15
the king...vs. 20
"Remember, O LORD, what has befallen us; Look, and see our reproach!"
"How the Lord has covered the Daughter of Zion with the cloud of his anger! He has hurled down the splendor of Israel from heaven to earth; he has not remembered his footstool in the day of his anger."
A dissection of 2 Corinthians 7:8-11...
Lamentations 1:3, 5, 9; 2:20; 3:45; 4:10, 16; 5:12
In the Canon
Poem 1: twenty-two verses of three lines,
Aleph to Tav begins each verse
A Closer Look
2 Kings 25:1-21
3 dimensional view...
Poem 2: twenty-two verses of three lines,
Aleph to Tav begins each verse
Poem 3: twenty-two verses of three lines each,
Aleph to Tav begins each line
Poem 4: twenty-two verses of two lines each,
Aleph to Tav begins each verse
Poem 5: twenty-two lines, no acrostic
Song of Songs, Ruth, Ecclesiastes,
Esther, and Lamentations...
"Read in its canonical location in our Bibles, close on the heels of Jeremiah, it...serves as a vindication of Jeremiah's message and his conflict with the false prophets and the kings of Judah. Jeremiah, of course, was right."
"What the acrostic form does is to allow the grief to be fully expressed, and yet at the same time sets limits to it. These poems explore grief in its many and varied aspects, viewing it first from one perspective, then from another and yet another. The whole gamut of human sorrow is explored; the A to Z of sorrow. And yet, by that same acrostic pattern, the grief is shaped and led to a conclusion, a point of completeness, where everything necessary has been said, at least for the time being, and the mourner can fall silent without feeling he has been stifled. In this sense the acrostic form has more than aesthetic significance; it has therapeutic and pastoral significance as well."
"Bitterly she weeps at night, tears are upon her cheeks. Among all her lovers there is none to comfort her. All her friends have betrayed her; they have become her enemies."
"This is why I weep and my eyes overflow with tears.
No one is near to comfort me, no one to restore my spirit.
My children are destitute because the enemy has prevailed."
"Zion stretches out her hands, but there is no one to comfort her. The LORD has decreed for Jacob that his neighbors become his foes; Jerusalem has become an unclean thing among them."
"People have heard my groaning, but there is no one to comfort me. All my enemies have heard of my distress; they rejoice at what you have done. May you bring the day you have announced so they may become like me."
"Comfort, comfort my people, says your God. Speak tenderly to Jerusalem, and proclaim to her that her hard service has been completed, that her sin has been paid for, that she has received from the LORD's hand double for all her sins. A voice of one calling: 'In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God. Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. For the mouth of the LORD has spoken."
a theological perspective...
"He has laid waste his dwelling like a garden; he has destroyed his place of meeting. The LORD has made Zion forget her appointed feasts and her Sabbaths; in his fierce anger he has spurned both king and priest."
Lamentations 2:6 (cf. vs. 14)
"Without pity the Lord has swallowed up all the dwellings of Jacob; in his wrath he has torn down the strongholds of the Daughter of Judah. He has brought her kingdom and its princes down to the ground in dishonor."
"The LORD has done what he planned; he has fulfilled his word, which he decreed long ago. He has overthrown you without pity, he has let the enemy gloat over you, he has exalted the horn of your foes."
"Young and old lie together in the dust of the streets; my young men and maidens have fallen by the sword. You have slain them in the day of your anger; you have slaughtered them without pit."
"As you summon to a feast day, so you summoned against me terrors on every side. In the day of the LORD's anger no one escaped or survived; those I cared for and reared, my enemy has destroyed."
"The hearts of the people cry out to the Lord. O wall of the Daughter of Zion, let your tears flow like a river day and night; give yourself no relief, your eyes no rest. Arise, cry out in the night, as the watches of the night begin; pour out your heart like water in the presence of the Lord. Lift up your hands to him for the lives of your children, who faint from hunger at the head of every street."
"Yet this I call to mind and therefore I have hope: Because of the LORD's great love we are not consumed, for his compassions never fail. They are new every morning; great is your faithfulness. I say to myself, 'The LORD is my portion; therefore I will wait for him.' The LORD is good to those whose hope is in him, to the one who seeks him; it is good to wait quietly for the salvation of the LORD."
"I remember my affliction and my wandering, the bitterness and the gall. I well remember them, and my soul is downcast within me."
"The 'remembering of 3:19-20 is involuntary, determined by circumstance. The 'calling to mind' of 3:21, however, is deliberate; a choice the sufferer has mad. It is in this choice that hope is reborn."
"Again and again we are told [in the OT] that God's love or kindness (
) goes on forever (Jer. 33:11; Pss. 100:5; 106:1; 107:1; 118:1-4; 135:1-26; Ezra 3:11). We are never told that His anger goes on forever."
"You will recompense them, O LORD, according to the work of their hands. You will give them hardness of heart, Your curse will be on them. You will pursue them in anger and destroy them from under the heavens of the LORD!"
"Why should any living mortal, or any man, Offer complaint in view of his sins? Let us examine and probe our ways, and let us return to the LORD. We lift up our heart and hands toward God in heaven; we have transgressed and rebelled, You have not pardoned."
"Restore us to You, O LORD, that we may be restored; Renew our days as of old, unless You have utterly rejected us and are exceedingly angry with us."
"For though I caused you sorrow by my letter, I do not regret it; though I did regret it-- for I see that that letter caused you sorrow, though only for a while--I now rejoice, not that you were made sorrowful, but that you were made sorrowful to the point of repentance; for you were made sorrowful according to the will of God, so that you might not suffer loss in anything through us. For the sorrow that is according to the will of God produces a repentance without regret, leading to salvation, but the sorrow of the world produces death."
2 Corinthians 7:8-10
"All who pass along the way Clap their hands in derision at you; they hiss and shake their heads at the daughter of Jerusalem, "Is this the city of which they said, 'The perfection of beauty, a joy to all the earth '?"
"Those passing by were hurling abuse at Him, wagging their heads, and saying, 'Ha! You who are going to destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save Yourself, and come down from the cross!'"