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Properties of Matter
Transcript of Properties of Matter
energy) Cooling (taking away
kinetic energy) Evaporation Boiling Condensation Freezing or Solidifying Melting Sublimation Properties of Matter Vaporization -To convert or change into a vapor.
Can happen through boiling or evaporation. Freezing - To pass from the liquid to the solid state by loss of heat Melting - To be changed from a solid to a liquid state especially by adding kinetic energy of heat. Condensation - The process by which a gas or vapor changes to a liquid. Boiling - The application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas Sublimation - The process of changing from a solid to a gas without passing through an intermediate liquid phase. Plasma energy More energy MORE ENERGY! plus an electrical charge Ionization Deionization Ionization- the process of changing from a gas to a plasma by gaining a negative electric charged ion Deionization- to change from a plasma to back to a gas by loosing an electric charge Kinetic Theory of Matter All matter is made of particles
which are in constant motion. The more kinetic energy you have the faster the molecules move, the higher the state of matter. 2 parts: Add some kinetic energy in the form of HEAT and.. more heat energy add an electrical charge to the energy start taking energy away... The level of motion (kinetic energy) determines the state of matter. Liquid Solid Gas Plasma deposition- going from a gas directly to a solid skipping the liquid phase Take away a lot of kinetic energy (heat).... Add a lot of heat.... Deposition Got it? Practice sorting the states of matter with
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website. Holds its own shape.
Particles are tightly packed together.
Particles move slowly. Takes the shape of its container.
Particles close together but free to move.
Particles move faster than a solid. Spreads out to fill the entire space available.
Particles are far apart.
Particles move very quickly. Occurs when particles of a gas become electrically charged.
Particles move VERY rapidly! What happens to the temperature when something changes phase?