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Art and World War II

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Nicole Wolf

on 8 May 2014

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Transcript of Art and World War II

The Influences of World War II
Art Movements and Concepts
Philosophical Movements
Photography and Architecture
World War II
Art and Philosophy
Abstract Expressionism
-American art movement that emphasized form and color within a nonrepresentational framework.
-Some of the artists that played a large role in this movement:
Jackson Pollock
-After WWII, artists argued that they could not go on with the same techniques used in past cultures.
David Smith
Franz Kline
-The artists expressed emotions and concerns through their paintings using bold colors
-Even before WWII started, many artists were calling for reform and a complete break from past ideas. These ideas, that have now gained the name of modern art, were very popular in Germany.
-When the Nazis came to power, modern art was banned and leaders of the movement were exiled or forbidden to work.

"This art is the sick production of crazy people. Pity the people who are no longer able to control this sickness." -Adolf Hitler
-Art changed during this time due to many reasons:
>the artists personal experiences with the war
>social resources being changed-many artists went from having what they needed to not
>general changes in daily life i.e. rationing, violence, homeless, unemployment
-Experiences played a major role in this change. Many people now wanted to look at a painting to really look at it and feel something rather than just to look at it.
Existentialism
-Emphasizes the existence and importance of an individual person being a free and responsible agent determining their own development.
-Allows a person to determine their own development and find their own identity and meaning of life.
-Some philosophers that played a large role in this idea:
-Soren Kierkegaard
-Jean-Paul Satre
-Simone de Beauvoir

-This idea became a very popular and significant movement after WWII.
"...we are the first media craze of the post war era..." -Beauvoir
-Existentialist Concepts:
-Existence precedes essence


-The Absurd


-Authenticity
The most important consideration for an individual to make is that they are just that, an individual-rather than what labels, roles, stereotypes, ect. categorize individuals as.
There is no meaning in the world beyond what we give it.
A person should create themselves and then live in accordance to who they have created. You should act for yourself and yourself only, and not by what others may tell you.
Cubism
Dada/Surrealism
1917-1950
1905-1920
1940s-1950s
Pop Art (Popular Art)
1960s
-Considered to be one of the most influential art movements of the 20th century.
-The idea of having a perspective from a single viewpoint was abandoned.
-Objects are broken up and reassembled in a more abstract form.
-Some of the artists that played a large role in this movement:
-Art movement that deliberately contradicted traditional artistic values.
-The movement grew over disgust from WWI and the start of WWII.
-Rejected reason and logic and prized nonsense and irrationality (Ridiculous Art).
-Some of the artists that played a large role in this movement.
Pablo Picasso
Paul Klee
Hannah Hoch
Rene Magritte
Works Cited
- Challenged traditional fine art by including images from
popular
culture (advertising, news, ect.)
- The pop art concept did not refer to the art itself as much as the attitudes and feelings that led to it.
- Some artists that played a large role in this movement:
Andy Warhol
Robert Lichtenstein
"Instead of clinging to the idea of architecture as a 'fine art', the youngest architects rejected decoration altogether and proposed to look at their task afresh in the light of its purpose." (Gombrich, 558)
Frank Lloyd Wright
1869-1959
Absurdism
- Based on the existentialist concept of "the Absurd".
- Emphasizes the belief that any efforts to find meaning in humanity will fail due to the vast amounts of information we are presented with.
-Post WW2 movements centered around the idea that life is irrational and illogical.
Philosophers that played a role in this movement:
Soren Kierkegaard
Albert Camus
-Art was not the only thing that went through changes during and after WWII.
-Many people adopted new schools of thought after experiencing such violence.
Falling Waters, Wisconsin
Oak Park, Illinois
Taliesin West, Arizona
" I have shot up one roll of colored film, and while this roll contains nothing particular, I hope it is the beginning of something that may have a little interest later on." (US Air Corps Mechanic, 1943)
Dorothea Lange
Robert Capa
"Art History Timeline." - For Dummies. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
"Art Movements during WW2." Prezi.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
"Cut with the Kitchen Knife." UtopiaDystopia. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
"European & American Art After World War II." Collection - European & American Art After World War II | Kawamura Memorial DIC Museum of Art. Kawamura Memorial Museum of Art, n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
"Existentialism." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 05 July 2014. Web. 07 May 2014.
Gombrich, E. H. The Story of Art. London: Phaidon, 1995. Print.
Infoplease. Infoplease, n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
"Movements in Twentieth-Century Art After World War II." Movements in Twentieth-Century Art After World War II. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2014.
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