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Vasco da Gama

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Sara Al-Ghanim

on 3 December 2014

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Transcript of Vasco da Gama



Vasco da Gama's Journey
St. Gabriel
A little bit about Vasco
An explorer
Born in 1469 in Sines, Portugal
Died in December 23, 1524 in Kochi, India
Why is he important?
He's the first European to sail from Europe, down the tip of Africa, and to India
And how was this achieved?
Advancements in technology
Why did he do it?
Trade, glory, and riches
A caravel
This new technology allowed him to sail more than 6,000 miles of open ocean
Why did he do it?

Explorers such as Bartholomew Dias had made some progress in making the journey, but none had been able to sail around the southern tip of Africa at the Cape of Good Hope and into the Indian Ocean.
The Historical Journey Begins
What is he?
He left Lisbon,Portugal in 1497 to find and open a sea route to India. He had four ships and 170 men with him.
Vasco da Gama reaches Calicut, India on May 20, 1498
Pros
Cons

The fleet went more than three months without seeing land


Journey was successful in establishing a sea route from Europe to India.
Calicut: most important trading center in Southern India at that time
Permitted Europeans to trade with the Far East without having to endure the costs

He established sailing routes that are still used today.

Only some of his companions returned to Portugal in 1499 alive
Da Gama and his crew land on the east coast of Africa in Mozambique on March 1498.
The Three Voyages
The First Voyage
His Second Voyage
His Third Voyage
http://www.pinterest.com/search/pins/?q=spices%20map%20india&term_meta%5B%5D=spices%7Ctyped&term_meta%5B%5D=map%7Ctyped&term_meta%5B%5D=india%7Ctyped
Sources

http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/vasco-da-gamas-voyage-discovery-1497

https://callumeatstoronto.files.wordpress.com/2012/11/portugal-invades-india.jpg

http://img.masterpieces.asemus.museum/uploads/images/Calicut_1572.jpg

http://www.franceinter.fr/sites/default/files/imagecache/scald_image_max_size/2012/05/21/367255/images/Vasco1498.jpg

http://education.nationalgeographic.com/media/photos/000/210/21042.jpg

http://www.operationworld.org/files/ow/maps/lginset/moza-LMAP-md.png



Military expedition, comissioned by the King of Portugal to make a show of Portuguese power
Led a fleet of twenty ships to India
Entered conflict with arab merchants
Portugal had forts and settlements in India
1524, was the last
King sent da Gama to oversee them
Died soon after arriving
Used threats and violence to force local rulers to submit to Portuguese authority
http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/sd/books/bke1/biographies/bk_template.jsp?name=dagamav&bk=bke1&authorname=dagamav&state=sd



1502
An Age of Discovery
Between 1400s and 1600s
Initiated by the Portuguese
Under the leadership of Henry the Navigator
Sent out ships to map and explore the west coast of Africa
On July 8, 1947, Vasco and his crew departed from Lisbon, Portugal with their four vessels
His Legacy
He captained the São Gabriel.
Each vessel weighed about 120 tons
Vasco and his crew arrvied in Cape of Good Hope in South Africa after a few months of sailing
Which is the most south-western point of the African continent
They sationed there for a month as the vessels needed repair and the crew was sick with scurvy.
In April of 1498, they reached what is now Kenya
By January, Vasco and his crew arrived to what is now Mozambique.

They reached Calicut, India, on May 20.
The residents were Hindu, but Vasco's ignorance led to confusion thus assuming they had no religion
But still, the local Hindu ruler welcomed Vasco and his crew at first, and they ended up staying in Calicut for three months
Not everyone embraced their presence however, so they were forced to begin their journey back to Portugal in August of 1498
Unfortunately a monsoon struck at that time and several members of the crew died. They reached Portugal on July 10, nearly a year after they left.
http://www.pinterest.com/search/pins/?q=spices%20map%20india&term_meta%5B%5D=spices%7Ctyped&term_meta%5B%5D=map%7Ctyped&term_meta%5B%5D=india%7Ctyped
http://www.ashgrove.k12.mo.us/houp/Classes/European%20History/Unit%202/The%20Atlantic%20World/caravel.jpg

http://mcowlerson.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/a-really-cool-looking-compass.jpg

http://www.stanleylondon.com/5insext1.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/e2/OrteliusWorldMap1570.jpg

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Lisboa_1500-1510.jpg

http://www.biography.com/people/vasco-da-

gama-9305736\http://www.worldmapsonline.com/images/murals/historical_map_murals/world_1660_mural_lg.jpg

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_90GAkUnSaxs/S8V1cVgq47I/AAAAAAAAB68/BSaiTRyHEG8/s1600/Cape+Town+by+Aernout+Smit.jpg

http://www.ashworthafrica.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/Cape-of-Good-Hope-003.jpg






European nations began exploring the world
To discover new routes to
India
Much of the far east
And the Americas

In the late 1400’s, the Portuguese did not have a trade route to get a hold of new goods

Desperately needed to find a sea route to Asia
Obtain spices for cheap prices
http://www.eagleschool.org/cprice/sixseven/Galleons/cpgalleonellie.htm
Discovery...
Or invasion?
The trips contributed significantly to the colonization of the area of the Indian ocean, to the opening of new trading centers. The trips also contributed to the interaction between the different cultures and religions, and to political, religious and military conflicts. However, religious conflicts due to Christian ignorance outweighed the positive impacts.
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