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SCLY1 - Childhood1

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on 5 May 2013

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Transcript of SCLY1 - Childhood1

Cross Cultural Difference in childhood Laws restricting child labour and excluding children from paid work
Introduction of compulsory education
Child Protection and welfare legislation, such as the 1889 Prevention of Cruelty to Children Act
The growth of the idea of children’s rights. The Children’s Act defines parents having responsibility to their children. Reasons for the change in the position of children. Parents would try to forget how many children they had and even named new babies with the name of a dead sibling. Historical Parenthood Childhood is considered a recent invention when you look back in history
In the Middle Ages, children and adults were considered the same as soon as children left the stage of dependency.
Children were considered mini adults Historical Childhood Children take responsibility at a younger age in non-industrialised society.
Less value is on child obedience to elders.
Children’s sexual behaviour is viewed differently Western vs non-industrialised society Childhood is considered a ‘Golden Age’ of innocence and fun.
However this does make children vulnerable to the dangers of society
This results in children mainly living with family and education Childhood as a ‘Golden Age’ Jane Pitcher (1995) notes that childhood is a separate time in our life

The laws also support this by limiting what children can do
Also social norms like dress code show the separation between adult and child Modern Western Notion of Childhood Western society says that childhood is a special time in life and this is where children are considered different from adults.

Children are considered immature both mentally and physically. Therefore childhood is a period of Socialization Modern Western Notion of Childhood Modern western notion of childhood Sociologists see childhood as something that is created and defined by society. This is called a SOCIAL CONSTRUCT. Childhood as a SOCIAL CONSTRUCT Childhood started to appear in the 13th Century
Schools now specialised for children
Clothing started to change to show difference Introducing Childhood AS Sociology Childhood
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