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Of Mice and Men Literary Analysis 7-10, extra

Analysis of the setting in Of Mice and Men
by

Simone S

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Of Mice and Men Literary Analysis 7-10, extra

Setting Geographic Location 1. By the Salinas River, near Soledad, California
the beginning and end of the book
many trees, and a path to the river
can see the Gabilan mountains
identity: natural/remote At the ranch (3 locations within) near Soledad... The bunkhouse
long, rectangular, bunks along walls with small windows
each bunk area has its own personalization (shelves)
identity: manufactured/proximate Crooks' bunk
in the harness room--little shed
his bunk made of straw
personal possessions scattered (since lives alone)
window, door to the barn
identity: manufactured/proximate Artificial Environment Cultural Backdrop/Social Context/Time Period Written in the 1930s Sources (Images)
http://as.sjsu.edu/steinbeck/images/TEACHING_OfMiceandMen_0_549.jpg
https://webspace.utexas.edu/wightman/www/Bunkhouse%20detail.JPG
http://www.ivinsart.com/gallery/large/OMAM-Barn.jpg
http://thewallmachine.com/files/1323621588.jpg Working conditions/occupation: farmers, work for a few weeks then move on, and so-so beds, food, etc. Little work/Great Depression Way of life: Coming and going common (everything temporary), no one really has any friends or people they're close (George and Lennie special), blowing money in bars 1. Setting's effect:
symbolic of beginning/good and end/bad, American Dream and crushing of hope/dreams, rebirth
ironic: change from dream to crushing of dream
mood of peace and clearness of mind, quiet hope and then too perfect--Lennie comes, upset, and disrupts stillness Setting's effect:
symbolic: masculinity, as close to home as you can get, little but all they have
Crooks doesn't enter, Curley's wife isn't liked in there
mood: sort of homely but still harsh, in a way
much of the talking happens in there in middle sections of the book Setting's effect:
symbolic: segregation, treatment of African Americans
ironic: more permanent
mood: proud, but a bit sad and lonely Setting's effect:
symbolic: warmth/safe space
ironic: warmth turns to the spot where death occurs
mood: starts out warm, comforting, but turns dark, foreboding, trickery, (little light that darkens as trouble deepens, death there) "On one side of the river the golden foothill slopes curve up to the strong and rocky Galiban mountains, but on the valley side the water is lined with trees--willows fresh and green with every spring..." (1)
"The heron stood in the shallows, motionless and waiting. Another little water snake swam up the pool, turning its periscope head from side to side. Suddenly Lennie appeared out of the brush, and he came as silently as a creeping bear moves." (99-100) "The bunk house was a long, rectangular building. Inside, the walls were whitewashed and the floor unpainted...Against the walls there were eight bunks...Over each bunk there was nailed an apple box with the opening forward so that it made two shelves for the personal belongings of the occupant of the bunk...In the middle of the room stood a big square table littered with playing cards, and around it were grouped boxes for the players to sit on." (17) Barn:
hay on one end of the barn
horses, puppies
light shines in through cracks in the wall
identity: manufactured/proximate "On one side of the little room there was a square four-paned window, and on the other, a narrow plank door leading into the barn. Crooks' bunk was along box filled with straw, on which his blankets were flung. On the wall by the window there were pegs on which hung broken harness in the process of being mended...And scattered about the floor were a number of personal possessions...Crooks could leave his things about, and being a stable buck and a cripple, he was more permanent than the other men...This room was swept and fairly neat, for Crooks was a proud, aloof man." (66-67) "One end of the great barn was piled high with new hay and over the pile hung the four-taloned Jackson fork...The hay came down...to the other end of the barn...At the sides the feeding racks were visible, and between the slats the heads of horses could be seen...But in the barn it was quiet and humming and lazy and warm." (84)
"The barn was darkening gradually, and, in their stalls, the horses shifted their feet and rattled their halter chains." (98) Talk: lots of slang, easy way of speech, informal
"That's jus' the way they make 'em...an' he tol' you..." (55)
Behaving: for many, every man for themselves, bit warlike Clothing:
"Both were dressed in denim trousers and in denim coats with brass buttons. Both wore black, shapeless hats and both carried tight blanket rolls slung over their shoulders." (2)
good for working
denim affordable and durable Gender roles:
Curley's wife a main antagonist
she causes the trouble for Lennie and George
goes around doing nothing all day, just causing trouble
never gets named
men=work, women=do nothing, look pretty, cause trouble (especially for Lennie but also for other "on account of a tart")
all men in the book work, all women are either wives or bartenders and prostitutes Values:
Slim displays values of what the men want to be
"There was a gravity in his manner and a quiet so profound that all talk stopped when he spoke. His authority was so great...and his slow speech had overtones not of thought, but of understanding beyond thought. His hands, large and lean...as delicate..." (33-34)
smart, nice, strong, intelligent without trying, loved by all, naturally good at many things
mercy--George and Slim at the end of the book Justice can be determined on the farm
Lennie: Curley's hand
Curley: Lennie Props farm tools
George and Lennie's few possessions
"Luger" gun (symbolic: death)
letter in the magazine from one of the former farm workers (symbolic: accomplishing dreams)
Crooks' possessions in his room Cultural backdrop creates the mood and atmosphere Point of View Nonparticipant point of view--the narrator is not a character in the story, and describes things going on in 3rd person, they, he, she, them, etc. "He looked down at her, and carefully he removed his hand from over her mouth, and she lay still." (91) Switches between objective narrator to selective narrator. Generally objective--never talks about feelings and thoughts, and only talks about actions and what can be seen, heard, and perceived. Doesn't enter a single mind. "George followed to the door and shut the door and set the latch gently in place. Candy lay rigidly on the bed staring into the ceiling." (48) Selective: Goes into Lennie's mind at the end, but only Lennie's "And then from out of Lennie's head there came a little fat old woman...And when she spoke, it was in Lennie's voice. "I tol' you an tol' you," she said. "I tol' you, 'Min' George because he's such a nice fellow an' good to you."" (100-101) Diction neutral to low level of diction--author doesn't use elaborate word choice but doesn't use slang or really low word choice (except when he writes dialogue--lot of slang, informal dialect, etc.) "They looked at one another, amazed. The thing they had never really believed in was coming true." (60) Uses mainly concrete diction, words that are very pinned down and express exactly what he wants us to understand
"Then he fell to cleaning the barrel with a little rod." (53) The men, however, have a low and informal level of diction, and use a lot of slang, a few colloquial expressions
""Jus' the ol' one-two and an' he'll go down."" (78) Words generally have connotations to tone "He pulled out his shirt in back, poured a little liniment in his pink palm, and, reaching around, fell slowly to rubbing his back." (83) Denotation
Connotation: alone, help himself, thoughtful Syntax Sentence structure: generally short, medium at longest.
"He repeated his words rhythmically as though he had said them many times before." (13) 14 words
"Candy and Lennie stood up and went toward the door." (83) 9 words
"And finally, when he stood up, slowly and stiffly, his face was as hard and tight as wood, and his eyes were hard." (94) 23 words
"Curley and Carlson looked after them." (107) 6 words Declarative: "Crooks put his dark chin into his big palm." (70) Imperative: ""Jus' set down..."" (72) Interrogative: "You in the barn?" (82) Exclamatory: "Oh!" (91) Simple: "Crooks interrupted brutally." (75) Compound: "George laid down his cards thoughtfully, turned his piles of three." (28) Complex: "When Candy spoke they both jumped as though they had been doing something reprehensible." (58-59) Compound-complex: "The room was swept and fairly neat, for Crooks was a proud, aloof man." (67) Balance and parallel structure: Descriptions have longer sentence structure while action/description of action and dialogue are structured shorter.
"On one side of the little room there was a square four-paned window, and on the other, a narrow plank door leading into the barn." (66)
"Lennie smiled helplessly in an attempt to make friends." (68) Repetition: little repetition within sentences but between sentences, ideas are repeated a lot (good life story, , etc.)
"He was a jerkline skinner...This was Slim, the jerkline skinner..." (33) Motifs Femme fatale Curley's wife--downfall of Lennie and George's time at the farm Character Dynamics: Relationships Lennie George Curley Curley's wife friendship, close relationship dislike and distrust, almost jealousy takes advantage of him, manipulates dislikes her, sees her manipulation and distrusts her treatment of African Americas Social Justice Issues ""Why ain't you wanted?" Lennie asked. "'Cause I'm black. They play cards in there, but I can't play because I'm black. They say I stink."" (68) Treatment of those with a disability ""Jesus," he said. "He's jes' like a kid, ain't he."" (43) Mercy and the Death Penalty to kill someone or let them live a hard life?
kill for a kill?
even if one was accidental ideal world (in their minds)
bewitching woman/femme fatale (Curley's wife)
foolish hero (Lennie)
the faithful friend (George) ""Gosh, she was purty."..."I seen 'em poison before, but I never seen no piece of jail bait worse than her."" (32) Tone Character Lennie: >External conflict: Character against (People in this time period was wrong with him, or why he acted the way that he did, they did not accept him) - Round character,
well developed - Static character > Internal conflict: Protagonist against his own mind/soul. Lennie means good but " ... [Lennie] wants to touch ever'thing he likes. just wants to feel it. So he reaches out to touch [this girl's] red dress,
an' the girl lets out a squawk, and that gets
Lennie all mixed up, so he holds on, 'cause that's the only thing he can think to do.
Well, that girl rabbits in an' tells the law she been raped. The guys in Weed start a
party out to lynch Lennie..." (41) " He was so little, [my pup],
I was jus' playin' with him... an' he made like he's
gonna bite me... an'... an' I, I made like i was gonna does bad things. An' then he was dead." (87) smack him... an'... I done it. society: did not understand what George: -Round Character,
well developed
-Dynamic character: George's experience
with Lennie changes
him. Killing Lennie
sets him free of all
the hassles that he
caused him, but it
also darkens George
as a person. After Lennie's death,
George loses hope
and abandons his
dreams. He becomes
just like all the
other men before
him who dreamed
of land but ended
up all the same,
spending their
money on drinks
and girls. > Internal
Conflict: Protagonist
against
his mind: "Come on, George, me an' you'll
go in an' get a drink."
"...Yeah, a drink." (107) George constantly
battles between
making the right
choice or the
easy choice. "God i could if I was alone live a'mighty, so easy. I could get a job an' work, an' no trouble. No mess at
all, and at
the end of the month,
I could whatever I want. and buy fifty bucks An' take my whatta i got, I got you!" (11) Candy -Static Character - Flat Character > External
Conflict: (But more developed
than others) Candy works at the
ranch as a swamper,
he is old and lost a
hand he fears he is
going to get fired
and wont have were
to go. "I got hurt four years
ago, they'll can me purty soon... I wont have no place to go..." (60) Flat Characters Crooks Slim Curly Curly' s wife D
U
A
L
I
T
I
E
S Lennie / George Big / Small "Dumb"/smart "It jus' seems cuckoo like him kinda funny, a and a smart little travelin' together." guy like you (39) Chapter 1: -Anticipating -Lazy
- light
- calm "Evening of a hot day started the little wind to moving among the leaves. The shade climbed up the hills toward the top. On the sand banks the rabbits sat as quietly as little gray, sculptured stones." "O.K. Someday- we're gonna get
the jack together and we're
gonna have a little house and a
couple of acres an' a couple of
pigs and-" Chapter 2:
- Tense
- Curious "Listen to me, [Lennie], don't
you even take a look at that
tramp. I don't care what she
says and what she does.
I seen 'em poison before,
but never seen no piece of
jail bait worse than her.
You leave her." (32) Chapter 3: -Hopeful "They fell into a silence.
They looked at one another,
amazed. This thing they had
never really believed in was
coming true."...."George said
reverently, "Jesus Christ!
I bet we could swing her.
" His eyes were full of
wonder." (60) Chapter 4: -Pessimistic -Depressing "Jesus, I Seen it happen too many times. I seen too many guys with land in their head. They never get none under
their hand." (76) voice was toneless." (81) ""Well, you keep your place then, nigger. I could get you strung up on a tree so easy it ... Crooks had reduced himself to nothing. There was no personality, no ego- nothing to arouse like or dislike. He said, "Yes ma'am," and his Chapter 5: - Exciting -Disappointing -Depressing "I 'm goin'," he said. hand. I'm gonna get 'im." (98) myself, even if I only got one guts outta that big [fool] "I'm gonna shoot the ain't even funny." "Now Candy spoke his greatest fear."You an' me can get that little place can't we George? ....Before answered, Candy dropped his head and looked down at the hay. He knew. George said softly, we'd never do her. maybe we would." (94) I got to thinking it so much He usta like to hear about "-I think I knowed Chapter 6 - Exciting -Ironic -Depressing -Disappointing -Sad ""No, Lennie. Look down there
across the river, like you can
almost see the place." Lennie
obeyed him. George looked
down at the gun. There were
crashing footsteps in the
brush now. George turned
and looked towards them.
"...Lennie, I ain't mad. I never
been mad, an' I ain't now.
That's the thing I want
you to know." ...George
raised the gun and steadied
it, and he brought the
muzzle of it close to the
back of Lennie's head. The
hand shook violently, but
his face set and his hand
steadied. He pulled the
trigger. The crash of the
shot rolled up the hills and
rolled down again. Lennie
jarred, and then settled
slowly forward to the
sand, and he lay without
quivering. George shivered
and looked at the gun,
and then he threw it..." Theme Friendship D
R
E
A
M
S Loneliness There are various themes in Steinbeck's novel, Of Mice and Men. The three main themes are friendship, the american dream and loneliness.
In the book, it's clear that all the characters are really just lonely.
Crooks is isolated from the other ranchers because of the color of his skin. Curly's wife is lonely being the only woman in the ranch and being unable to connect with anyone. Candy has/had no one but his old dog for company, he has no one to relay on now that he has gotten older. Everyone just fends for themselves in the story, which is what makes George's and Lennie's friendship so special. They stick with each other during hard times and dont give up on each other. Another big theme is the American dream.
Dreams are really emphasized in this novel.
All the characters have dreams. Curly's wife
dreams of being a famous actress, George
and Lennie dream of having their own piece
of land. Candy dreams of having someone to
take care of him when he gets older and Crooks
dreams of having equal rights and being included.
this theme has a bitterness to it, which is
the idea that the american dream can never be
achieved. It carries the idea that no matter how
much you fore plan, a mistake will often happen. Of Mice and Men Literary analysis By Simone S., Caroline D., and Liz M. http://prezi.com/qxbhn4bc4z7p/language-devices-imagery-symbolism/
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