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Susanne Ledermann

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by

Sihah Reza

on 1 May 2014

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Transcript of Susanne Ledermann

Susanne Ledermann
Westerbork: Transit camp
June 20, 1943

Susanne was not immediatly moved to Auschwitz from Westerbork
"Permanent" camp population

Dad was Jewish Council member in Amsterdam

Stayed in Westerbork for year doing "normal things"
Metalwork
Health services work
Cultural activities

Eventually moved to Auschwitz in 1944.
Concentration camp

Westerbork and Auschwitz
Susanne couldn't help, was too young
Under care of parents

Sister survived passing as a non-jew, when moving out at 17

Left family and Susanne for Nazi roundups

Father's faith in humanity false

Sister only one who survived in family
Aryan looks passed

Sister joined resistance with her boyfriend, Manfred Gruberg


Barbara able to buy false papers with mother's money
Changed name, identity.

Helped jews go into hiding
Susanne's connection to the resistance
Friendship and Personal Experiences

The learning impact that this had on me is not just related to the Holocaust. Learning about Susanne Ledermann made me remember to always look for the whole story, not just part of it. When I planned to do this project, I was disappointed that I couldn't do Anne Frank since I thought she was such a vital part in telling the story of the Holocaust, but then when I was doing research on the victims of the Holocaust and stumbled across Susanne Ledermann and learned more about her story, I realized that there were so many other stories to be told, and one source isn't everything. Susanne Ledermann was one of Anne Frank's friends, and I feel like she's always known as "Anne Frank's friend", not as Susanne Ledermann. She has a good story to tell, it's just not many people bother to look at all the details. Susanne Ledermann shouldn't be remembered in Anne Frank's shadow.
Learning impact
Anne Frank (right) and her friend Sanne Ledermann in front of Anne's home on the Merwedeplein in Amsterdam.." 1935. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. <http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Timeline/Inter-war-period-1918-1939/Emigrating-to-The-Netherlands/1935/Anne-Frank-right-and-her-friend-Sanne-Ledermann-in-front-of-Annes-home-on-the-Merwedeplein-in-Amsterdam/#!/en/Subsites/Timeline/Inter-war-period-19>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Anne Frank: Photos of Her Childhood Friends as Adults in 1959 | LIFE | TIME.com." LIFE. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. <http://life.time.com/history/anne-frank-and-her-friends-photos-by-paul-schutzer/#1>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Anne at the Jewish school." Anne Frank's Amsterdam. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Occupation/1941/1941/Repudo---15-Anne-at-the-Jewish-school/#!/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Before-the-war/1939/1939/Anne-Frank--Tenth-birthday/>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Auschwitz." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005189>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Barbara Ledermann." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/idcard.php?ModuleId=10006225>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Barbara Ledermann ." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/daringtoresist/barbara.html>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Barbara Ledermann--False papers." Barbara Ledermann--Oral History . N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/media_oi.php?ModuleId=10006225&MediaId=2846>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Franz Anton Ledermann." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/idcard.php?ModuleId=10006556>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Hidden Children: Hardships." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 26 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10006125>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Ilse Luise Citroen Ledermann." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/idcard.php?ModuleId=10006557>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Jewish High School and Lyceum." Joods Historisch Museum. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.jhm.nl/culture-and-history/amsterdam/jewish-high-school-and-lyceum>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Jewish Lyceum ." Anne at the Jewish school. . N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.annefrank.org/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Occupation/1941/1941/Repudo---15-Anne-at-the-Jewish-school/#!/en/Subsites/Annes-Amsterdam/Timeline/Occupation/1941/1941/Repudo---15-Anne-at-the-Jewish-school/?viewtype=Contextual&subjectId=1177>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"REMEMBER: Susanne Ledermann (1928-1944)." REMEMBER: Susanne Ledermann (1928-1944). N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://i-rememberww2.blogspot.com/2014/01/susanne-ledermann-1928-1944.html>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Susanne Ledermann." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/idcard.php?ModuleId=10006552>. (tags: none | edit tags)
"Westerbork." United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. United States Holocaust Memorial Council, 10 June 2013. Web. 27 Apr. 2014. <http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005217>.
"Escape from Auschwitz ." PBS. PBS, n.d. Web. 1 May 2014. <http://www.pbs.org/wnet/secrets/features/escape-from-auschwitz/vrbas-and-wetzlers-escape/31/>.
By: Sihah Reza
Susanne Ledermann: Basic Info

Photo that includes Susanne Ledermann and Anne Frank.

Susanne is the girl in the black.

Susanne lived in apartment on other side of Anne's.
Playmates.


Susanne was born to two Jewish parents, Franz Anton Ledermann and Ilse Luise Citroen Ledermann
Born in Berlin, Germany.

Her nickname was "Sanne"

Her father owned a succesful law practice until 1933, when Nazis took over
Father encouraged to move elsewhere

Mom pianist as occupation

In 1933, Susanne moved to Amsterdam.
She was four.

Susanne started attending school in Amnsterdam when six
1935

When Susanne was 13, forced to move to a Jew school
Jewish Lyceum--not religious, Jew oriented.
Family thought everything was safe.

On June 20, 1943, Susanne and her family deported to Westerbork Camp, Holland

Death in Auschwitz, 15 years old
1944
Franz Anton Ledermann
Ilse Luise Citroen Ledermann
Susanne had very tight bond with sister
Loved playing on veranda of home

Enjoyed going to Berlin zoo and park with family

Close connection with Anne Frank, was neighbor
One of Frank's best friends

Mentioned in Anne Frank's diary multiple times
Best known for that.

Best friends: Anne Frank, Hanneli Goslar

Jewish Lyceum
Susanne on right of Anne.
Hanneli Goslar to right of Susanne
Anne's 10th birthday.
The Ledermann Family
Susanne Ledermann
Barbara Ledermann
Barbara and Manfred
Westerbork Transit camp
Bibliography
I don't understand why Susanne Ledermann's dad refused to move even though he was warned so many times. I understand that his faith in humanity was strong for Germany, but he could have saved his family by taking action faster.
I wonder if Susanne was really aware of what was
happening and if she wanted to have a choice to
move out of the country. I don't know if she
had any power in the family but I feel like she should have had more power in her family's decisions even though they loved and cared for her.
I feel like Barbara Ledermann was a great person for joining the resistance, but at the same time I really dislike her for leaving her family to the Nazi roundups. She could have saved her family because she had the fake papers and Aryan looks to help her, but instead she just left them to die. At least she could have helped Susanne.
Auschwitz in Poland
Full transcript